Olive Tree 'Arbequina'

Olea europaea

Family: Oleaceae (oh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Olea (OH-lee-a) (Info)
Species: europaea (yoo-ROH-pay-a) (Info)
Cultivar: Arbequina



Foliage Color:



Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round

Suitable for growing in containers


over 40 ft. (12 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

San Jose, California

Lutz, Florida

New Port Richey, Florida

Ocala, Florida

Umatilla, Florida

Wellborn, Florida

Augusta, Georgia

Makawao, Hawaii

Vacherie, Louisiana

Natchez, Mississippi

Troy, New York

Moyock, North Carolina

Carlton, Oregon

Portland, Oregon

Clemson, South Carolina

Portland, Texas

Seattle, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 27, 2012, elgordo75 from Surrey,
Canada wrote:

I grow an 'Arbequina' in my garden in Surrey, British Columbia which flowers but doesn't really set much fruit. It is a beautiful plant with graceful foliage and form. It has had some bark splitting from cold and exposure to winter sun but has healed well and puts on a lot of growth each June and July. Apparently the larger they get, the less chance of winter damage.


On Apr 28, 2012, squallseeker from New Port Richey East, FL wrote:

Olives typically don't have surface roots and this is not a large tree. I've placed one about 6' from the house and 3' from the driveway and don't anticipate a problem. I don't know about 2' away, but doubt it will hurt your foundation. It was one of 2 types suggested for my area, so I started with this and a mission olive (large tree). After later research I found no issues with other varieties and I now have 6 types growing and all are doing well... the cultivars can be found on-line for mail order. Due to it's size, the arbequina cures faster, and thus to me seems to have a milder taste; taste will be somewhat dependent on the curing method. Don't overwater; when the rest of the yard is withering the olives still look happy, though I still water about once a week; supposedly root ... read more


On Apr 30, 2011, HiacynthMaui from Makawao, HI wrote:

I'm not sure if I have this tree growing in my garden. It is a volunteer and is over 5 ft tall, about 3-4 yrs old. I brought a sample to my local garden center and they ID'd it as possibly an arbequina. I would love for it to be an olive tree, esp one that is known for its quality olive oil! If it is, my concern is that it is growing less than a foot away from my house, next to the cinderblock/cement foundation. I hope the root doesn't spread thick and outward. I wonder, if anyone should know, whether I may be able to successfully transplant this tree to another location? What are your suggestions?


On Jan 4, 2011, Fires_in_motion from Vacherie, LA (Zone 9a) wrote:

I bought two babies (grafted cuttings) in spring '09 at Rose Garden for a whopping $30 each, after being told this was the only variety of Olive that could successfully be grown in the humid, rainy Southeast. The nursery lady told me there was one in a nearby neighborhood that produces well and has been in the ground for almost a decade. I immediately moved them from their 1-gallon pots into big plastic 10-gal. pots. One has such vigorous growth that I'm constantly pruning it back; this is truly an incredible specimen and has gone from a 2 foot whip to a 5 foot mini-behemoth in a year and a half. The other developed a fungus at the point where it was staked, probably due to me tying it too tightly and damaging the bark. This tree is slowly growing back nicely, albeit without a central... read more


On Apr 23, 2009, reverendlisa from Austin, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

We have two olive trees - one is an arbequina, which is about 8 ft tall and the other is about 4 ft tall. I don't remember what kind the second tree is, only I remember that we got it to boost the production of the first tree. They have been in the ground for 4 years now.

They are resilient trees. They have survived our Austin summers and winters without much care from us, despite our dense soil.

At the time we purchased these trees, I was told by the person who sold it to us that they "won't produce the first year, but after 2-3 years, the arbequina should be". At his advice, I bought the second tree.

That nursery closed down (RIP Howard Nursery). For some reason I am told now by nearly any nursery/gardening center still surviving in Austin t... read more