Datura Species, Devil's Trumpet, Jimsonweed, Thorn Apple, Durman

Datura stramonium

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Datura (duh-TOO-ruh) (Info)
Species: stramonium (stra-MON-ee-um) (Info)
Synonym:Datura bernhardii
Synonym:Datura bertolonii
Synonym:Datura cabanesii
Synonym:Datura capensis
Synonym:Datura ferocissima
» View all varieties of Brugmansias
View this plant in a garden



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Medium Green


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual

Suitable for growing in containers


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:


White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:


Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Jones, Alabama

Glendale, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona(2 reports)

Prescott, Arizona

Merced, California

San Diego, California

San Jose, California

Crawfordville, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Lake Worth, Florida

Mayo, Florida

Navarre, Florida

Winter Haven, Florida

Carrollton, Georgia

Villa Rica, Georgia

Caseyville, Illinois

Derby, Kansas

Benton, Kentucky

Bowling Green, Kentucky

Dayton, Kentucky

Ewing, Kentucky

New Orleans, Louisiana

Edgewater, Maryland

Valley Lee, Maryland

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Fulton, Michigan

Warren, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Clinton, Mississippi

Corinth, Mississippi

Archie, Missouri

Morristown, New Jersey

Neptune, New Jersey

Rio Rancho, New Mexico

Charlotte, North Carolina

Snow Camp, North Carolina

Whiteville, North Carolina

Fairborn, Ohio

Glouster, Ohio

Maumee, Ohio

Mount Orab, Ohio

Newark, Ohio

Guthrie, Oklahoma

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Stillwater, Oklahoma

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Wellston, Oklahoma

Catasauqua, Pennsylvania

Conway, South Carolina

Lenoir City, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Corpus Christi, Texas

Galveston, Texas

Mission, Texas

Odessa, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

Blacksburg, Virginia

Gloucester, Virginia

Mathews, Virginia

Spencer, Virginia

Urbanna, Virginia

Puyallup, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Nov 5, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This has been a serious weed in a garden we maintain. It pops up and grows so swiftly that we have a hard time keeping it from overwhelming other plants we want to grow. Seeds remain viable in the soil for many years.

This species is banned from cultivation in CT. It has been declared a noxious weed in 5 other states. http://bonap.net/MapGallery/County/Datura stramonium.png

This common weed is generally thought to have originated in Central America, though authorities differ about this, as it spread rapidly to most semitropical and temperate regions of the world shortly after European explorers reached the Americas.

This species is an annual, not a perennial ha... read more


On Sep 19, 2014, ladybiker1300 from (Zone 2a) wrote:

I've never grown datura, but today, I became aware of it's benefits for treating asthma.

I'm aware that this plant is potentially deadly for many reasons. My research has brought me here because like many of you, I'm preparing my household in case of disaster - an event which might cause my husband's meds to become unavailable for prolonged a period could be just as deadly to him.

So, with that said, I hope to understand it's measured use with more clarity.

As a side note, I'm NOT in the least bit interested in it's recreational use. This world is filled with unwanted apparitions and I don't need any more (smiles).

Happy gardening to you all!


On Sep 15, 2013, Gwydionalder from Williamson, AZ wrote:

While the Datura species is beautiful and I truly enjoy seeing them growing wild all across our Arizona High Desert, I wanted to echo the warning about not ingesting or smoking any part of this species. If you want to use a naturopathic approach to asthma then buy something where Datura/Jimson Weed is used appropriately in an over-the-counter asthma preparation like Barter's Powder, Green Mountain Asthmatic Compound, or Haywood's Powder, . Dosage is critical and as wildcrafting does not give reliable concentrations it is highly unwise to experiment with this plant.The entire species carries Tropane Belladonna Alkaloids i.e. Hysocamine, Atropine, and Scopalomine in its parts in widely varying concentrations (even in the same plant) . Datura plants can be very dangerous around young child... read more


On Jan 26, 2013, WillysWoodPile from Kalamazoo, MI wrote:

This plant is VERY dangerous. I have experience using this plant to "get high" when I was younger for about 2 summers. Even as hardcore drug users we all decided to stop using this. This is one plant that can easily kill you.
To the person who says they used it for asthma "medicine": Do NOT use this stuff for any reason. It is way too dangerous! Again, I have experience using this plant to get high. This is a plant that should be outlawed and eradicated in my opinion.


On Mar 10, 2010, BlackLotus1987 from Villa Alemana,
Chile wrote:

Hi! This plant is very easy to grow in my area (zone 9)
but is a dangerous plant if you have kids and some pets

i know Datura stramonium var. tatula form. bernhardii
(white + violet / purple flower) plant purple, spiny fruit

and Datura stramonium var. stramonium form. stramonium
(white flower, green plant), spiny fruit

Here is a page with the complete Datura genus identification


On Mar 20, 2009, Brug_Hugger from Mathews, VA wrote:

Zone 7A/7B right on t/line. I grow DATURA STRAMONIUM, which grows wild around here. This has to be one of my favorites to grow.
Pests can be annoying ... Leafhoppers, & the Hornworm. I've had plants grow 1 to 5 ft. tall & just as wide if not wider, depending on which ones I pick to takecare of.
(I have hundreds that pop up each year & choose the one's that'll be babied).
The flowers are white w/a little bit of purple in t/throat & is very fragrant . Blooms early evening. Seed pods are very SPIKEY. Self seeds with no problems. This plant is an awesome site to see when she's in full bloom!
She's very HARDY, weather it be frost or several hundred seedlings
popping up after useing weed killer....a week later. I've had a 1ft. plant give several seed pods &... read more


On Jul 1, 2008, donicaben from Ogdensburg, NY wrote:

Easy to grow from seed. The flowers are gorgeous and smell heavenly.

I'm going to overwinter indoors since it's a bit too cold for her in zone 4. :-) She's so gorgeous that she's worth the basement space. :-D


On May 16, 2006, gardenbeads from Warren, MI (Zone 5a) wrote:

I grew Angel's trumpet (that is what it was marked at the nursery) for the first time last year. My plants were exactly as the picture by pdwren in this forum. I made sure to sprinkle the seed around before I cut the plants down and they have reseeded proliferatively. The plant was virtually carefree except for occasional deadheading. These plants are not commonly grown in this area, but they grew very well and actually became like small shrubs, filling in the background of my flower beds. I liked the fact that the flowers stayed open in the evening. Very beautiful specimen.


On Aug 13, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

In my garden, it is just another invasive weed that needs dealing with. I burn my vegetable patch every Fall to try and get rid of as many seeds as possible, but still have untold numbers germinate.


On May 28, 2004, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

We love the Jimsonweed, It is wonderful watching the flowers unfold in the evening and the scent is truly lovely. Some years they are larger and stronger than other years, but we allways look forward to them for their beauty.


On Jan 24, 2004, Lodden from Mårslet,
Denmark wrote:

I live in Denmark, Europe, and I had the plant outside all summer. I didn´t think I could have it outside in the wintertime, but I´ll try that next year. I got alot of seeds, so if it dies it´s ok. Usually we have to take both Datura and Brugmansia inside, cut them down and take them out the next year.


On Nov 11, 2003, Michaelp from Piney Flats, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

smoking the flowers [in small amounts-2-4 puffs]works better than my asthma inhaler-and calms you down too--


On Oct 27, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

It grows spontaneously in every place with some fertile soil. Within one month you can go from bare earth to ground covered with this plant, and blooming! Extremely invasive, but I would let some of those grow in my garden, even if so, since I find the flowers very beautiful. I can dig some plants later; I need exercise anyway.


On Jan 12, 2003, BernJ wrote:

I and some neighbors grew D. stramonium in Saskatoon, Canada where temperatures were as low as -45°F. And it seeded itself the next year. I also saw low growing Datura, as a roadside weed, in Lhasa, Tibet.


On Nov 16, 2002, AmyD wrote:

Be careful when planting this flower when you have children because if they happen to ingest it they will hallucinate for a few days. It may even kill them. My brother almost died because of this plant and he is still at the hospital. There have been many cases of teenagers eating this plant and dying so I highly suggest you do not plant this flower.


On Sep 21, 2001, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

Datura stramonium may also be known as Jamestown weed, stinkweed, Thorn Apple, or Apple of Peru. Plants are branching and grow 3-6 feet tall. Large green leaves are hairy and have irregular, toothed margins, similar in shape to an oak leaf. The trumpet-shaped flowers are 3-4 four inches long, white or sometimes lavender. They open at night facing upwards attracting moths and insects for pollination. The fruit are spiny and stand erect in the axils of the branches. Jimson weed re-seeds heavily and is listed as a noxious weed in several states.

Datura stramonium var. tatula has pale lavender flowers and a deeper purple throat. Stems have purplish coloring. D. stamonium var. tatula form bernhardii – has deeper purple colorin... read more


On Nov 3, 2000, jody from MD &, VA (Zone 7b) wrote:

There are 8 species in this genus, either annuals or short lived perennials. They grow to about 6' and gets flowers that are 3" long and shaped like a trumpet. Flowers in mid summer to autumn. Best cultivated in full sun with moist but well drained, rich soil. This plant is poisonous. Propagate from seed. The stramonium species is hardy zones 7-11.