Croton 'Gold Dust'

Codiaeum variegatum

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Codiaeum (koh-dih-EE-um) (Info)
Species: variegatum (var-ee-GAY-tum) (Info)
Cultivar: Gold Dust




Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade


Grown for foliage

Good Fall Color



Provides Winter Interest

Foliage Color:



8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Big Pine Key, Florida

Bonita Springs, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Lecanto, Florida

Marathon, Florida

Minneola, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Ormond Beach, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Port Charlotte, Florida

Winter Springs, Florida

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 26, 2019, MinxFox from Pensacola, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

I love my gold dust plant and I just learned that supposedly I'm not supposed to be able to grow it here in zone 8!? I saw this plant grown as a large bush at the neighbors house as well as another person's house a few neighborhoods away. I bought this plant several years ago and now it is a tall, somewhat narrow bush. I guess it is a bit tree-like rather than the wide bush looking one I saw next door.

I noticed that sometimes one of the side branches will turn black and shrivel up and die. I used to think it was just a finicky plant, but now I'm guessing that was cold damage!

This plant is underneath a large oak tree and when it was first planted, there were no other plants surrounding it for protection but now I have an evergreen and some rice paper plants ... read more


On Jul 23, 2011, islandgirl37 from Marathon, FL (Zone 11) wrote:

One of the easiest plants to grow in South Florida. They require water every 2-3 days for the first month or so after planting them, after that, I just leave them alone. I have them in full or partial sun. In deep shade they will lose all variegation. Home Depot always has them and they are 7.99-8.99 for big ones in a 3 gallon pot.

I had a semi circle hedge with these, planted around 2 Buccaneer Palms 10' from the open Atlantic Ocean. They can take salt air, salt spay and even some salt water violation of their roots. At one time during a little tropical storm, at high tide and with a South wind, their roots were under salt water for about an hour. They looked horrible, all the leaves fell off, I cut them back, flushed the soil and within 1-2 weeks leaves sprouting all over ... read more