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Poet's Narcissus, Poeticus Daffodil, Pheasant's Eye

Narcissus poeticus

Family: Amaryllidaceae (am-uh-ril-id-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Narcissus (nar-SIS-us) (Info)
Species: poeticus (po-ET-ih-kus) (Info)
» View all varieties of Daffodils


Division 9 - Poeticus


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

White/Near White



Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Phoenix, Arizona

Heber Springs, Arkansas

Malvern, Arkansas

Canoga Park, California

Garberville, California

North Fork, California

Sacramento, California

Denver, Colorado

Dacula, Georgia

Royston, Georgia

Chester, Illinois

Crystal Lake, Illinois

Macy, Indiana

Portland, Maine

Baldwin, Maryland

Compton, Maryland

Cumberland, Maryland

Millersville, Maryland

Bridgewater, Massachusetts

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Tecumseh, Michigan

Florence, Mississippi

Grandview, Missouri

Auburn, New Hampshire

Greenville, New Hampshire

Salem, New Hampshire

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Cicero, New York

Bucyrus, Ohio

Baker City, Oregon

Gold Hill, Oregon

Klamath Falls, Oregon

Salem, Oregon

Irwin, Pennsylvania

Reynoldsville, Pennsylvania

Tidioute, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Charleston, South Carolina

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina

Crossville, Tennessee

Middleton, Tennessee

Battle Ground, Washington

Bellevue, Washington

Vancouver, Washington

Charleston, West Virginia

Morgantown, West Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 31, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

An heirloom variety---actually, a species---the blooms are smaller and much later than most gardeners seem to expect. Tepals are swept back slightly and irregularly ruffled.

This is a good naturalizer. I've even seen it naturalized on hummocks in a marsh, where it had been growing for decades. It is slower to increase than many other good naturalizing narcissi.

If you want something more formal and perfectly symmetrical, a hybrid like 'Actaea' may be more to your taste. But I like the rumpled informality of this species.


On Apr 19, 2010, tate_boy from Portland, ME wrote:

This is the Prince of my garden! It arrives after all other spring bulbs have nearly left the yard here in Portland, Maine. Virtually trouble free and long lasting. It has an heirloom quality about it and probably is considered in that category. The fragrance takes me back to childhood; placed in a clear glass vase it reminds me of Dutch paintings. Indeed, it lives up to it's name: Poeticus Daffodil.


On Apr 24, 2007, silkiechick from Reynoldsville, PA (Zone 6a) wrote:

i inherited lots of these when i bought my property. they are very lovely to have and easily maintained. mine are naturalized through out my woods both on the edges and inside under the trees, here in pa in zone 6 full shade seams to make them bloom longer mine come up and bloom in about mid april.

i have never had to do anything but divide them and they winter and multiply very well here. this last winter we had temps to -9 degrees and up to 3ft of snow and they have bounced back extreamly healthy and very well multiplied.

highly reccomend for an old time favorite for any garden, lovely sm cup daff and would be great for a newbie to start in the garden.


On Jul 1, 2006, DreamOfSpring from Charleston, SC (Zone 9a) wrote:

Cute, but smaller than I expected. Also, mine bloomed VERY late, well after all of the other daffodils had finished, so it was all by itself.


On Apr 24, 2005, Magwar from Royston, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

These bulbs look best when they are grouped together. Hint: when the foilage starts drooping, don't cut it off, twist the foilage together and place it under mulch. (That way, you don't damage the plant, but don't ahve ugly rotting foilage in your flowerbed.)


On Apr 19, 2004, angelam from melbourne,
Australia wrote:

I've found this the best of its genus in my garden in Melbourne (Zone 10). I find many of the daffodils fail to persist for more than a couple of years and the narcissus like Erlicheer that do do well have such large and floppy foliage that they can be a nuisance. This narcissus has neat upright foliage that holds its shape after flowering until just before the leaves go brown.

The flowers are pretty and have a lovely scent.


On Apr 18, 2004, Baa wrote:

A late flowering Narcissus species from western mainland Europe.

Has lance-like, blue-green to mid-green, fleshy leaves. Bears pure white perianth segments which are held flat, the corona is tiny, bright yellow with a red rim. After saying all that this species is quite variable.

Flowers usually between May to June

Loves a well drained soil in full sun or light shade where it will happily naturalise.

Dry winters seem to bring these into flower earlier than normal, for the last couple of years, our part of England has been reasonably dry and both years the N. poeticus has flowered in April.

Plant at least 1.5 time the size of the bulb deep.


On Apr 1, 2004, ladyrowan from Garberville, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

This is a lovely daffodil, with a multi-colored cup. An interesting new addition to my daffodil garden. I do hope it flourishes.


On Apr 9, 2003, Kelli from L.A. (Canoga Park), CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

This flower is a favorite of mine for sentimental reasons. My grandma had one and I liked it even as a kid.


On Oct 31, 2001, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

Poet's narcissus is an old fashioned late spring bloomer. Flowers are white, 2-inches wide and have a small golden cup edged with a thin line of red. They're wonderfully fragrant and they make excellent cut flowers. Bulbs are long lived and multiply rapidly.