Downy Serviceberry, Shadblow, Juneberry, Sarvis Tree

Amelanchier arborea

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Amelanchier (am-uh-LAN-kee-er) (Info)
Species: arborea (ar-BOR-ee-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Amelanchier arborea var. arborea
Synonym:Amelanchier oblongifolia



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Morrilton, Arkansas

Bayfield, Colorado

Durango, Colorado

Evanston, Illinois

Murray, Kentucky

Coushatta, Louisiana

Milton, Massachusetts

Atlantic Mine, Michigan

Constantine, Michigan

Wadena, Minnesota

Aurora, Missouri

Cole Camp, Missouri

Maryville, Missouri

Piedmont, Missouri

Bayboro, North Carolina

Boone, North Carolina

Hillsborough, North Carolina

Ashtabula, Ohio

Dayton, Ohio

Swanton, Ohio

Irwin, Pennsylvania

Lansdowne, Pennsylvania

Renfrew, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Pickens, South Carolina

Crossville, Tennessee

Dickson, Tennessee

Maryville, Tennessee

Nashville, Tennessee (2 reports)

Purcellville, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 29, 2015, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

This Downy Serviceberry is barely different from the Alleghany Serviceberry, A. laevis, that also is a tree form with usually a few to several trunks. This species does not have the unfolding leaves in spring with a bronzy color, but it does have a tomentose hairiness under the leaves, especially in spring, and some on top. There is a little hairiness on the flowers too. Otherwise, I saw one once and it seemed to have just slightly bigger leaves that drooped a little bit and seemed a little less ornamental than the other species. The Alleghany and hybrids of Alleghany x Downy = A. grandiflora, are the ones really sold at nurseries; most also being cultivars. Some native plant nurseries may have this straight species. It has a similar native range as the Alleghany, being about Maine to Iowa... read more


On Jun 2, 2012, CacophonyArt from Greensboro, NC wrote:

I was given some juneberries from a friend who bought them from seeds and is growing them. She gave them to me so I could collect the seeds and grow my own. I'm having a hard time finding info about seed saving of this plant. I saw your note about stratify and looked that up. I'll do that but I wasn't sure about your note regarding removing the "fleshy coating" from the seeds before storing. Do you mean the berry flesh/meat or is there another layer? (kinda like tomatoes have that sac layer). You've got me here with a small knife and a flea sized seed trying to see if there's more goodies inside it that I need to "release"...oh, I think I'm making this to hard!


On Jan 11, 2011, lindera42 from Keymar, MD wrote:

This small tree grew and fruited beautifully for us in northern Massachusetts. We loved it so much that we are trying it again here in northern Maryland. Our current tree was planted only last fall so I don't know how it will do here, but it came from a local nursery that specializes in native plants. I have my fingers crossed that cedar apple rust won't spoil the fruit for birds. It was not a problem in MA, but I see it occurs here.


On Jan 10, 2011, keferraro from Crown Point, IN wrote:

The bird you are seeing eating the service berries is probably a cedar waxwing. In my area I have found that, in the spring, they swarm crabapples and eat the fruit that remains on the tree after a winter of freezing and thawing. I can certainly see how the fruit would be fermented and lead to drunken behavior!


On Jan 10, 2011, brunkenrl from Bayfield, CO wrote:

We have serviceberry trees all over our 10 acres east of Durango, CO. Our home is at 8,000 ft. and they grow everywhere around here. Have tried to eat but found them rather bland. However, every fall when the berries are ripe there is a certain gray and yellow bird that loves these berries and generally get "drunk" on them and fly into our large front windows. Believe they see the tree in the glass and think it's another tree. have to cover the windows during this time (about 3 weeks) because we have found up to 6 dead birds per day. Rather funny to watch these birds as they will literally fall out of the trees!


On May 3, 2010, Yooper1 from Atlantic Mine, MI wrote:

Here in western Upper Michigan, Juneberry (locally called "sugar plums" by many) trees grow just about everywhere. They seem to be in the highest concentrations along the old railroad grades.

They seem to grow tall like a tree, where the berries are high off of the ground, if they are in an area where they must compete for sunlight. If they are in an open area, they seem to grow more like an extremely large bush, with a good number of berries at an easy picking height.


On Jul 13, 2007, wamccormick from Lindale, TX wrote:

Sarvis trees grow plentifully on my brother-in-law's farm in Crossville, TN under dense forest. The berries are sugar sweet, but the birds get most of them, since most of them are up out of reach. I am wanting to try them in East Texas, but I do not know their chill requirements.

W.A. McCormick
Lindale, TX


On Nov 24, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Downy Serviceberry, Shadblow, Juneberry, Sarvis Tree, Amelanchier arborea is native to Texas and other States.


On Apr 20, 2005, ishlaa from Taylor, AZ wrote:

The plant that I have is a small shrub growing only 2 feet tall at the most. The berries are very sweet and my wife and I fight to see who gets to pick them. I propigated them by digging up suckers and transplanting them.


On Aug 31, 2001, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Downy serviceberry is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall in cultivation but can reach 40' in the wild. A Missouri native plant that occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. Features 5-petaled, showy, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters which appear before the leaves emerge in early spring. The finely-toothed, obovate leaves exhibit good fall color. Flowers give way to small, round green berries which turn red and finally mature to a dark purplish-black in early summer. Edible berries resemble blueberries in size and color and are often used in jams, jellies and pies. Amelanchiers are commonly called juneberries.