Pride of Barbados, Red Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock Flower 'Compton'

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Caesalpinia (ses-al-PIN-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: pulcherrima (pul-KAIR-ih-muh) (Info)
Cultivar: Compton





Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Seed is poisonous if ingested

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:



Pale Yellow

Bright Yellow


Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Blooms all year

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Aguila, Arizona

Mesa, Arizona

Brentwood, California

Palm Desert, California

Reseda, California

Santa Clarita, California

Uyutne, Crimea

Big Pine Key, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida

Gainesville, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

New Port Richey, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Albany, Georgia

New Orleans, Louisiana

Bluffton, South Carolina

Conway, South Carolina

Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

Lexington, South Carolina

Austin, Texas(2 reports)

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 21, 2009, nolainbloom from New Orleans, LA wrote:

I have this plant and grew mine from seed. Let's just say the seeds were acquired abroad (South America). I couldn't help myself! Anyway, the largest of my young plants is currently in bloom. From my experince, it takes two years from seedling to bloom.

I do have additional seeds to share with anyone who would like this beauty in their garden.


On Jul 25, 2009, fullsun007 from Gainesville, FL wrote:

This plant is currently not readily available from garden centers in my area (Gainesville, Florida, zone 8B). I started my plants from seeds which I ordered online. This plants likes as much full sun as they can get, and once established is very xerophytic, surviving only on rain water alone. Mine get 6-8 feet tall and have many feather leaves and the flower stalks are covered in those really nice blooms from September until the first frost, which knocks it back to the ground. It maybe mid to late April before any new growth is seen and each year it gets a little bushier. In more frost free climates it may be considered somewhat invasive, but in north Florida it usually gets killed back to the ground before the seeds become ripe and viable, but is not difficult to simply remove the see... read more


On Jun 2, 2009, nalin1 from New Delhi,
India (Zone 10a) wrote:

Very attractive and hardy shrub in zone 10a. Locally known as the 'dwarf gulmohar (delonix regia)'. The flowers are very similar in appearance to the royal poinciana. Does well in sun as well as partial shade to deep shade. I have a little forest of the pink variety planted in a mostly shady place over a septic tank where the earth covering the septic tank area is about 3 to 4 feet deep only.

Under these conditions the dwarf poincianas reached a height of 12 feet. Pruned them down to 6-7 feet height after the cool flowering season without a problem. Flowers throughout the year except the hot summers.

The pink variety is unusual here. Mostly this poinciana is seen here as red, reddish-orange or yellow touched with red. All varieties of the blooms are pretty... read more


On Mar 7, 2008, SW_gardener from (Zone 6a) wrote:

I've heard this makes a good houseplant flowering at a young age. I currently live in zone 6 so I'll have to bring this in during the winter. So far my seedlings are doing well(see my picture in the PlantFiles)! The little leaflets fold down at night