Berlandiera Species, Chocolate Daisy, Chocolate Flower

Berlandiera lyrata

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Berlandiera (ber-lan-dee-AIR-uh) (Info)
Species: lyrata (ly-RAY-tuh) (Info)
Synonym:Berlandiera incisa
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


15-18 in. (38-45 cm)


USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Chandler, Arizona

El Mirage, Arizona

Maricopa, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Tucson, Arizona

Ashdown, Arkansas

Los Angeles, California

San Diego, California

Walnut Creek, California

Winchester, California

Cotopaxi, Colorado

Miami, Florida

Cairo, Georgia

Cordele, Georgia

Boise, Idaho

Louisville, Kentucky

Warsaw, Missouri

Helena, Montana

Las Vegas, Nevada

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Elephant Butte, New Mexico

Farmington, New Mexico

Santa Fe, New Mexico

Edmond, Oklahoma

Enid, Oklahoma

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Brownsville, Tennessee

Amarillo, Texas

Austin, Texas(3 reports)

Belton, Texas

Boerne, Texas

Bryan, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Flower Mound, Texas

Helotes, Texas

Jefferson, Texas

Kerrville, Texas

Liberty Hill, Texas

Midland, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Santa Fe, Texas

Spring, Texas

Temple, Texas

Valentine, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

Radford, Virginia

Vancouver, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 19, 2013, EmilyTheChef from Boise, ID (Zone 6a) wrote:

Love love love this flower, but have tried at least 2 times, possibly 3, to own and grow it, but it has not survived the winter in my Boise, ID garden. I just bought another one today... going to try again. It GROWS fine. Leggy looking like some people said. Deadheading I think is helpful to keep it from drooping too much. The smell is absolutely D-I-V-I-N-E.


On Sep 12, 2013, hitchingpost770 from COTOPAXI, CO wrote:

Growing at 7700 ft. above sea level. Very fragrant in am and tolerant of temps to -10. Rabbit resistant. Hardy, a little floppy, but a favorite of birds and bees. Trying to expand coverage by spreading seeds near plant this fall.


On Jun 27, 2011, frazernotek from Istanbul - asian side,
Turkey wrote:

After a shaky start I got a plant established and have been able to multiply since then. This plant looks best in groups and the scent is much more impressive. Last year it survived a no-spring hot dry summer with little watering. Last winter was mild and so is the spring and summer and it is doing very well with almost not attention.
frazernotek Istanbul Turkey


On Apr 9, 2010, revols from Valentine, TX wrote:

The little chocolate daisy grows in our school yard. It has been very hardy and sweetens our mornings from early spring into the late fall. It also grows in a few places about town. Out here, it is more likely to be a single plant or one of just a few in the area. They stand out and make you stop and take a look. People will usually stop, take a look and can't resist picking it and smelling. It is neat to watch their eyebrows arch up then you can see the WOW on their face as they realize they are smelling chocolate. revols


On Apr 3, 2010, OKplantnerd38 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

I think chocolate flower, for such a diminutive-appearing plant, packs a lot of surprises. Yes, the fragrance of the bright yellow daisies with their red stamens is fantastic and smells astonishingly like that of chocolate (especially in the morning), but in addition to that, I really like the gray-green foliage and the mint-green discoid seed heads (remind me of tiny lotus seed heads). It's also a tough plant; mine have sprouted new leaves from their rootstock in dry, average soil, after having disappeared completely this past winter. Looks great in mass plantings-- last year, I was able to establish 7 or 8 strong 1st-year-blooming plants from a $2.89 spring-sown pack of seeds, and I have seen these sell for up to $9.99 per plant at the nursery, so beware.


On May 16, 2007, krdixon from Albuquerque, NM (Zone 7a) wrote:

The sweet scent of this flower alone make it worth planting along walkways and under windows. In the morning, the smell of chocolate is absolutely lovely. The flowers are beautiful daisy-like bright yellow with a small stripe of red. A word of caution: the petals of the flowers curl up during the mid-day heat and can cause some people to think the plant has died. (Until they return in the late afternoon in full glory.)

This plant doesn't require extra water and lives happily in my dense clay soil, and has begun volunteering moderately. Yes!


On Mar 13, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Grow as a Tender Perennial (Zone 8 to 10). Plant these in full sun. Height is less than 2 and space 1 apart. Grows upright and becomes very bushy over the summer and has a strong chocolate scent. This plant blooms only in the mornings until noon, then it closes its petals for the rest of the day. The small daisy-like blossoms are bright yellow with reddish stripes or veins on the undersides. The leaves are silvery green. It grows well in full sun, well-drained soil and blooms all summer. Height is 2 but flops over.

I have not grown this yet but have recently sowed seed. I will report back my results!


On Jan 5, 2007, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Chocolate Daisy Berlandiera lyrata is Native to Texas and other States.


On Jul 25, 2006, renatelynne from Boerne new zone 30, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Just love this plant. Reseeds itself. Blooms nearly all season (spring thru summer). Smells devine. Butterflies LOVE it.
Only deterient is that it can get a bit leggy and might need some supports if it gets too tall before falling over.
I have this next to the walkway so I had to use a support so it didn't laydown and cover the walkway. But I love to smell it everyday on the way to the car.


On May 5, 2006, trois from Santa Fe, TX (Zone 9b) wrote:

Growing wild in a ditch that was recently scraped clean.
These 2 inch flowers have a delightful chocolate smell in the mornings. They seem to be spreading rapidly, and have been blooming for over a month, starting in late March.


On Aug 21, 2005, bigred from Ashdown, AR (Zone 8a) wrote:

Took me 3 or 4 tries from seed but finally planted out three plants this spring. Planted two in one area,full sun,well draining sandy soil ,one in second bed whch is raised rock garden. Both are pretty lanky but I'm hoping next year they'll come back up in a tighter clump.Flowering since spring with plenty more buds formed for more blooms into the fall.



On Jan 9, 2005, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Yellow daisy with fragrance of chocolate (stamens produce the scent). Flowers are a quarter-size, vibrant, yellow daisy with striking red striped undersides.

It looks best planted in groups, but is also planted individually. It is tolerant of many conditions. It dies back to the ground in winter and returns with a larger crown each spring.

Blooms at night and the scent is at its best in the early morning. The petals drop as the day progresses.


On Sep 2, 2004, shearpamela from Flower Mound, TX (Zone 7b) wrote:

This plant has been easy to grow for me, and so far I have not had problems with any pests or disease. I go out each morning to take in the smell of chocolate!


On Aug 31, 2001, Evert from Helsinki,
Finland (Zone 4b) wrote:

Chocolate Daisy is also known as Chocolate Flower. It is native to Mexico and southwestern U.S.

It's named for the fragrance of the flowers. In the morning and sunny weather they have sweet chocolate scent. Seeds are pretty small.