Lonicera Species, Italian Woodbine, Perfoliate Honeysuckle, Goat-leaf, Italian Honeysuckle

Lonicera caprifolium

Family: Caprifoliaceae (cap-ree-foh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info) (cap-ree-foh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lonicera (luh-NIS-er-a) (Info)
Species: caprifolium (kap-rih-FOH-lee-um) (Info)
Synonym:Caprifolium atropurpureum
Synonym:Caprifolium germanicum
Synonym:Caprifolium hortense
Synonym:Caprifolium italicum
Synonym:Caprifolium magnevilleae
View this plant in a garden


Vines and Climbers

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

Pale Yellow

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From semi-hardwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Jones, Alabama

Malvern, Arkansas

Arroyo Grande, California

China Lake Acres, California

Concord, California

HOOPA, California

Lompoc, California

Marysville, California

Mountain View, California

Oak View, California

Ridgecrest, California

Roseville, California

Denver, Colorado

Guilford, Connecticut

Prospect, Connecticut

Bartow, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Miami, Florida

Shalimar, Florida

Braselton, Georgia

Fort Valley, Georgia

Hazlehurst, Georgia

Chicago, Illinois

Godfrey, Illinois

Momence, Illinois

Niles, Illinois

Palmyra, Illinois

Thomasboro, Illinois

Bloomington, Indiana

Connersville, Indiana

Macy, Indiana

Plymouth, Indiana

Iowa City, Iowa

Derby, Kansas

Benton, Kentucky

Lancaster, Kentucky

Plaquemine, Louisiana

Dundalk, Maryland

Upton, Massachusetts

Mathiston, Mississippi

Saint James, Missouri

Henderson, Nevada

Middlesex, New Jersey

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Columbus, Ohio

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Stigler, Oklahoma

Beaverton, Oregon

Cranston, Rhode Island

Portsmouth, Rhode Island

Tiverton, Rhode Island

North Augusta, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina(2 reports)

Knoxville, Tennessee

Lenoir City, Tennessee

Middleton, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas(2 reports)

Carrollton, Texas

College Station, Texas

Conroe, Texas

Dallas, Texas

League City, Texas

Quemado, Texas

Red Oak, Texas

Richmond, Texas

Santa Fe, Texas

Martinsville, Virginia

Parkersburg, West Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 5, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This is a highly desirable, fragrant, benign substitute for the invasive Japanese honeysuckle, L. japonica. It is a woody climber like Japanese honeysuckle and not a shrub.

L. caprifolium is the first of the climbing fragrant honeysuckles to bloom, and can be useful for extending the season earlier than L. periclymenum, into spring. Both are most fragrant in the evening and early morning, and hardly at all at noon.

This species blooms profusely for a few weeks in the spring, but unlike L. periclymenum it does not rebloom.

The Royal Horticultural Society has given this species its coveted Award of Garden Merit.

Most of the reviews below and most of the photos above describe the invasive Japanese honeysuckle. So far, the only photo... read more


On Dec 17, 2013, Daffodill3263 from Stigler, OK wrote:

I have honeysuckle growing on my fence, and I personally love this plant, I look forward to the scent in Spring.I I would love to find out how to make perfume from Honeysuckle. Plus for me it makes a great privacy vine, I love drying the flowers, and this plant stays green in winter another positive for me. I also like the nectar, it is sweet and very tasty.


On Apr 29, 2008, miksgirl from Wollongong,
Australia wrote:

Here in NSW, Australia this plant is a big pest. It grows quickly to cover and then destroy fences pulling them apart.

Its roots expand and push up paving, retaining walls and anything it gets near. It kills everything it grows near or on. Anywhere it's vines touch the ground they put down roots and when trimming it you have to make sure you pick up all pieces or they will grow too.
The worst is nothing kills it , not even straight round up plant killer/weeder.

It is growing on a fence about 11/2 metres from a pool and has caused problems with the pool, the tropical garden that used to be there, the retaining wall, and the paving around the pool and the pump house.

It has even felled a huge coral tree that trimmings took shoot under. ... read more


On Mar 11, 2008, drumlin from Rockport, ME (Zone 5b) wrote:

I didn't even know you could grow honeysuckle in the North until I saw a huge semi-wild colony of it in Guilford, on the Connecticut shoreline. It was growing up some old fence posts on a commercial property, and smelled just heavenly! Although hearty, it didn't appear to have wondered very far. I guess it might just depend on the zone its growing in. I bought some for my own yard last year in an even colder zone, but it hasn't done all that well, so I'm going to move it into more sun and baby it a bit more. I may regret the indulgence, not sure yet! But I think the scent is just worth any over-enthusiastic growth.


On May 23, 2007, Opoetree from Oak View, CA wrote:

I have had this plant growing every place that I have lived -- Shafter, Ventura, and Oak View California. I have always liked its light sweet scent and used to suck the nectar from the flowers as a child. I even had a bunch of honeysuckle as part of a floral arrangement at my wedding 30 years ago. Now, it grows along a fence border and has even climbed part way up into a live oak tree. It is also decorating a telephone pole in my backyard. It is a thriving plant...giving no trouble, but only a living fence with lovely blossoms to enjoy almost year-round.


On Feb 11, 2006, TBGDN from (Zone 5a) wrote:

As a flowering vine enthusiast I've always admired this plant. I can remember driving through the southern states in early summer and seeing it growing wild and smelling its heady fragrance. I had never seen (or paid attention) to it growing in my area (Zone 5a/b) until I saw it covering an old fence on a neighbor's property. I dug rooted 'starts' from the fence row, and transplanted them around my tool shed which is surrounded with treated lattice. From what I've read this is not a native American vine, but came from Japan originally, and was known as 'Halls Honeysuckle' or 'Lonicera halliana'. Whatever the matter, it is a beautiful climbing vine, and is not as invasive as in the southern states. I keep in in check by running a push lawnmower around the tool shed with the blade set low. T... read more


On Jan 5, 2006, IWVmatt from Ridgecrest, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I love this plant. I have it growing on the northside of my house so it doesnt get full sun, but it still grows good. Plenty of fragrant flowers. This year im gonna get some cuttings off of it and hopefully plant some in other places


On Dec 12, 2005, Breezymeadow from Culpeper, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

Although summer wouldn't be summer without nights filled with its heavenly scent, I prefer to enjoy that scent as far away from my house & gardens as possible.

Strongly invasive barely describes this plant's tenaciousness. After 8 full years of pulling, digging, RoundUping, etc., I STILL have it poking up & around my deck & doing it's best to strangle kinder plants.

While the flowers do draw bees & hummingbirds, & the berries provide winter wildlife food, this plant is best used - or left - to it's own devices in the wild rather than given an invitation to join any garden parties.


On Dec 11, 2005, CastIronPlant22 from Lompoc, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Here in California i see it alot planted in groups. Here where i live, in the Apt. complex we have a lot of it around. It blooms often and does send lots of new shoots out and has to be trimmed often, but it always seems to look somewhat decent. The kids here (gawd they are awful) like the run through it, or just pull the flowers off and also like to pull the long stems off and tear them to pieces. But the bush seems to take the damage and look good. It doesnt look all ratty and tacky like other plants/bushes would where young children live and play. I wouldnt grow it in my garden or yard, but it seems to be doing good here in the Apt. complex.


On Jul 8, 2005, forsythso from Dahlonega, GA wrote:

I have had ths plant around me most of my life living in southern Louisiana and enjoyed it's sweet fragrance. It was easily controlled with the lawn mower and weed-eater and kept to the thicket that it originated from growing wild. We have now moved to north Georgia and have encountered it again growing wild and love that sweet smell as I walk to the car or sit on the porch in the mornings.
I recently harvested a thick rooted piece growing up a guy wire on a telephone pole and planted it in a long window box planter with a simple mixture of 15% pine bark mulch and 85% top soil rich garden mixture. Two weeks later new leaf growth sprouted and grows more every day.
The woody part sloughs off the old bark in long paper like tendrils and if you peel enough off to expose a ... read more


On Apr 28, 2005, JaxFlaGardener from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I had never noticed how sweet is the fragrance of this honeysuckle until I caught a whiff of its aroma yesterday from a large collection of its flowering vines along my fence at the back of my property. I haven't found the need to fight it as it stays along the fence line and helps cover what would otherwise be a drab wooden fence.


On Apr 27, 2005, love2grow from League City, TX wrote:

I have planted honeysuckle up the side of our trampoline. It seems to love growing on the safety net. I frequently prune and guide it to keep it from getting too heavy in any single area, but it's worth the effort because it makes the trampoline look so pretty instead of being an eyesore.


On Apr 17, 2005, Sarastre from Chicago, IL wrote:

Could the excessive vigor of this plant be less of a problem, at the northern range of its hardiness? During an early October cold spell (it did not freeze), I obtained two semi-hardwood cuttings from a specimen growing, with an evergreen, in a large, above-ground cement planter. The effect of such siting would be to reduce the hardiness zone by about one -- the location was not particularly sheltered. Though the optimal time to take such cuttings was long gone, I found that mass-market materials (rooting hormone, Jiffy Pots kept evenly moist) yielded 100% success in less than a month. I now have two small plants to set out on a porch that receives morning sun, as the cuttings easily endured the past winter on a window sill, albeit with careful watering . (I removed only a few bottom ... read more


On Jan 24, 2005, vossner from East Texas,
United States (Zone 8a) wrote:

Never ceases to amaze me how someone will find find a certain plant invasive and then it will be OK somewhere else. For me, honeysuckle is a lovely, controlled vine. I have it growing up two oak trees that are about 15 ft apart. Two years ago DH bridged the two trees with a landscape timber and the honeysuckle grew on that. Now I have a honeysuckle arbor kinda thing. Soooo lovely. I do light pruning, but like I said, there is just not much to fight. Area is part sun.


On Jul 2, 2004, trois from Santa Fe, TX (Zone 9b) wrote:

My wife and I love this plant. It covers unsightly fences, old tree stumps, brush piles and is easily removed from places you don't want it. Ours blooms year round and we have had no insect problems with it. The blooms slow in winter,but don't stop. The smell is great, not as good as Chinese Tallow trees, which in the spring overwhelms every thing else. We also have a couple of different, wild types near the Bayou. A wonderful plant.



On Jul 1, 2004, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

It is a rampant grower but it can be controlled by pruning and the scent is heavenly. I do not have any problems with insects on this plant, perhaps because it is in full sun.


On Jun 30, 2004, JenniferG from Shalimar, FL (Zone 8a) wrote:

Love the scent. Grows on trellises here. I have clematis and roses growing with it. I prune hard in the winter. It has stayed put, but sends up lots of new growth all the time. I just wack it back!


On Jun 30, 2004, chicochi3 from Fayetteville, AR (Zone 6b) wrote:

I have to say that I love the scent, but this plant is so invasive I'm not certain the lovely scent is worth the trouble of fighting it. i have found it necessary to use herbicides in some places to keep in down.


On Apr 15, 2004, Maudie from Harvest, AL wrote:

I have to give this vine a negative rating because here in the South it is
definitely invasive and so much so it is practically indestructable. I continue to wage a fighting battle against it which only seems to encourage it. Never let this get estabished where you want
to grow anything else.


On May 28, 2003, Eirlys from Hamilton, ON (Zone 5b) wrote:

I have a honeysuckle vine growing in a courtyard garden (in Hamilton, Ontario) which is protected on four sides and open to the sky. The vine flowers wonderfully, but has a dreadful attraction for aphids. This year, I sprayed with a dormant spray (on the recommendation of a local expert), but found aphids alive and well, yesterday. I trimmed off the worst affected stems, and sprayed the rest with detergent and water. I am determined to keep this vine, as it is adding a marvelous accent to its location in the garden.


On May 26, 2003, Chamma from Tennille, GA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I grew up in the woods of MIDDLE Georgia where this grew all in the woods and along fences...The smell would be heady and as kids we used to pull the stamen from the bottom and lick the "honey" off....
It is a real challenge to get it to grow in Dubai UAE (zone 11)...it likes wet feet and dappled sunlit in order to bloom...if the soil has too much saline it will die!


On Mar 3, 2003, arkiedee from Mabelvale, AR (Zone 7b) wrote:

If it weren't for the fact that the whole fence comes alive with the hummingbirds in this stuff, I'd hate it. I asked an elderly gardening friend how to get rid of it. He said, "Move."


On Aug 31, 2001, jody from MD &, VA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Flowers summer, berries autumn. Very fragrant, produces cream white to yellow flowers flusshed with pink. Berries are orange red.