Species Crocus, Dutch Crocus, Spring Crocus

Crocus vernus

Family: Iridaceae (eye-rid-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Crocus (KROH-kus) (Info)
Species: vernus (VER-nus) (Info)
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)


3-6 in. (7-15 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

Pale Pink


Magenta (pink-purple)

Pale Yellow

Bright Yellow



Medium Purple

Dark Purple/Black

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Chico, California


Oak View, California

San Diego, California

Broomfield, Colorado

Colorado Springs, Colorado

Stone Mountain, Georgia

Hampton, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Boswell, Indiana

Macy, Indiana

Madison, Indiana

Baltimore, Maryland

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Albany, New York

Canton, North Carolina

Winston Salem, North Carolina

Bucyrus, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio

Columbus, Ohio

Crossville, Tennessee

Broadway, Virginia

Roanoke, Virginia

Midland, Washington

Bloomington, Wisconsin

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 2, 2012, sshort from Kansas City, MO wrote:

My most anticipated flower in spring. But, don't forget, squirrels LOVE them. I planted a 'zillion' three years ago anticipating a carpet of color the next spring. It took less than one week for the local squirrels to dig up all of them. All they left were the established crocus. The next year I planted squirrel resistant spring bulbs but they just are not crocus. Now that the neighbor's huge pecan tree is gone (sad but more sun for my roses) most of the squirrels have moved on. I will try again this fall.


On Oct 25, 2011, wefarmasmidgen from Deer Lodge, MT (Zone 3b) wrote:

When the bees came from the nearby beehive on the first sunny, warmish day had nothing to eat, I started planting these crocus. I planted about 100 bulbs for 4 or 5 years in the fall. Now when they come up in the early spring, my front yard "hummmmms" with the happiness of the bees finding something to bring back to the hive.


On Mar 15, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Blooming in March, these are the first flowers to bloom in my garden. Such a welcome sight after a cold winter! A beautiful hint of things to come.


On Mar 9, 2006, kmart5465 from Colorado Springs, CO (Zone 5a) wrote:

I have very nice crocuses that are in full bloom right now (zone 5a/b). They come back every year and are a very welcome sign that spring is on it's way.


On Jun 1, 2005, Gindee77 from Hampton, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

I love this little flower, it heralds the beginning of spring and usually it's more than welcome! It's so pretty sticking up out of the snow or dried leaves from the previous fall.


On May 16, 2004, Howard_C from St John's, NL wrote:

I much prefer the "species" crocuses myself - there are about 80 other species not to mention innumerable cultivars of them! There is a much larger range of colours, including real blues, wonderful markings when viewed close up, and a longer flowering season overall. They may be smaller, but they open up more in the sun and many increase as well as, or better than, the "Dutch" cultivars. Many, especially the chrysanthus/biflorus hybrids have been around for about 100 years and are easy to grow - others require simulated alpine mountainsides and are a little more difficult. Some that I have been unable to grow outside do well in pots. About a third of them flower in fall or winter (depending on your climate) so we in St. John's Newfoundland have crocuses from September through to May, ... read more


On Apr 1, 2004, ladyrowan from Garberville, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Crocus are a lovely spring bulb, that naturalizes nicely, and is an amazing addition to your lawn, as long as you can hold off mowing them down til the foliage begins to die back.


On Apr 2, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Big, bold, beautiful. Dutch crocus come in a variety of colors and bi-colors. They bloom with the earliest daffodils.

Crocus prefer full sun while the foliage is ripening, but then can tolerate shade. They prefer a site that dries out some during the summer, but with adequate moisture in the remainder of the year.

The corms can be lifted when the foliage is spent and the cormlets removed either to a nursery bed or just sited in a new location for very fast increasing, or they can be left in the same place for many years before needing to be thinned.