Croton 'Mammy'

Codiaeum variegatum

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Codiaeum (koh-dih-EE-um) (Info)
Species: variegatum (var-ee-GAY-tum) (Info)
Cultivar: Mammy



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage


Good Fall Color




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

By simple layering

By air layering

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Hayward, California

Irvine, California

Stockton, California

Auburndale, Florida

Big Pine Key, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida

Daytona Beach, Florida

Melbourne, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Palm Bay, Florida

Punta Gorda, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Satellite Beach, Florida

Tampa, Florida(2 reports)

Houston, Texas

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 30, 2009, plantparent from Sarasota, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Crotons are one of the standard landscape plants in SW FL. Mammy stands out (my opinion) from most because of the vibrant color and unusual foliage. They are suseptable to mealy.


On Mar 29, 2009, hmbgerl from Folsom, CA wrote:

We grow ours indoors because of extremes in summer/winter. A year ago, the new leaves grew long, thin, and very twisted (corkscrew-like). This year the newer set of leaves are oval and kind of flat. Leaves deepen in red color as the leaves age.


On Dec 24, 2008, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

I planted mine in September outdoors, in ground, in part sun with cacti and succulents. As of the end of December it has all its leaves,looks fine and has taken countless 50 degrees high and 41 low temperatures.Also, Including a pair of 37 degree dips at dawn.
I dont know how long they will do well. They are said like all tropical crotons to not be able to handle my San Francisco bay area temperatures-winter or cool night summers.
One thing that seems to suit them is a sheltered spot,not full sun as in tropical climates, and planting in fast draining soil on a slightly raised mound. So far, so good.
ADDED 2014:..yeah,that one lasted "countless" all right. I think it was dead sticks by January.
A new try this year with the common Croton with paddle leafs. I will ... read more


On Nov 26, 2007, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

E. 'Mamey' has knock your sox off colors to adorn any yard in central and south Florida. It is becoming more available every day. I purchased mine at a farmer's market. It is 4 ft tall and very thick. I will plant it in a protected area because frost could cause it to drop some leaves.

Some sources list this plant as E. 'Mammy.'