Bignonia Species, Cross Vine, Crossvine, Trumpet Flower

Bignonia capreolata

Family: Bignoniaceae (big-no-nih-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Bignonia (big-NO-nee-uh) (Info)
Species: capreolata (kap-ree-oh-LAH-tuh) (Info)
Synonym:Anisostichus capreolata
Synonym:Bignonia capreolata f. lutea
View this plant in a garden


Vines and Climbers

Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Gold (yellow-orange)

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Bessemer, Alabama

Saraland, Alabama

Vincent, Alabama

Tempe, Arizona

Ashdown, Arkansas

Little Rock, Arkansas

Morrilton, Arkansas

Wilmington, Delaware

Bartow, Florida

Casselberry, Florida

Dade City, Florida

Englewood, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

New Port Richey, Florida

Palm Coast, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida

Albany, Georgia

Athens, Georgia

Brunswick, Georgia

Cornelia, Georgia

Decatur, Georgia

Demorest, Georgia

Barbourville, Kentucky

Cadiz, Kentucky

Salvisa, Kentucky

Abita Springs, Louisiana

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Gonzales, Louisiana

Portland, Maine

Gwynn Oak, Maryland

Columbus, Mississippi

Lumberton, Mississippi

Maben, Mississippi

Raymond, Mississippi

Saucier, Mississippi

Kansas City, Missouri

Riverside, Missouri

Hobbs, New Mexico

North Tonawanda, New York

Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Kure Beach, North Carolina

Lake Toxaway, North Carolina

Statesville, North Carolina

Dundee, Ohio

Englewood, Ohio

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Norman, Oklahoma

Central, South Carolina

Okatie, South Carolina

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Lewisburg, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Canyon Lake, Texas

Colmesneil, Texas

Crane, Texas

Desoto, Texas

Fate, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas(2 reports)

Jacksonville, Texas

Katy, Texas

Missouri City, Texas

Odessa, Texas

Pipe Creek, Texas

Round Rock, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Sanger, Texas

Spring Branch, Texas

Tyler, Texas

Harrisonburg, Virginia

Manassas, Virginia

Suffolk, Virginia

Kalama, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 30, 2019, yrrej from El Paso, TX wrote:

I've had no problem with this vine here in El Paso. Stays right where it's at. Cold tolerant. Covered with flowers in the spring. Somewhat less the rest of the summer. A far cry from the trumpet vine living in the same area.


On Oct 6, 2015, Tracey25 from Colmesneil, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

I loathe this vine so much. It absolutely takes over and smothers anything it gets its' tendrils on and then sends out underground runners all over the place, like as far away as 25' from the mother vine. Curiously, the flowers smell like coffee to me. I have the burnished gold, normal variety. Definitely NOT anxious to try any other kinds. To me, this vine is almost as bad and aggressive as wisteria.


On Jun 26, 2015, FlyPoison from Rock Hill, SC (Zone 7a) wrote:

Great native vine that's growing well with a Virginia Creeper vine on a Virginia pine. It's a great addition to my numerous native plants growing in my backyard sanctuary. I've had no problems with it being aggressive and it's offers beauty year round.


On May 26, 2015, lgnutah from Central, SC wrote:

I planted one at the base of a 6ft tall, 16 ft long trellis covered support about 20 years ago in my 7b garden where it receives full sun. The vines have completely blanketed the support underneath.
It has thrived and is not invasive (though after about 15 years, the vines started climbing into nearby trees so I have to cut them back).

I have a row of 20 ft tall thinnjng Leyland cypress along a driveway that used to beautifully screen the view of neighbors. I am wondering about planting seeds from my Bignonia between the Leylands this fall in hopes that the vines will screen in the lower bare branches of the Leylands. Has anyone tried this?


On May 19, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Beautiful flowers, highly variable. Can be scarlet, orange, or maroon on the outside. Blooms for a couple of weeks in June, and some clones rebloom in late summer.

Climbs by tendrils which end in adhesive disks like those on Boston ivy or Virginia creeper. This can damage the finish on painted wooden surfaces.

Very slow to establish here in Z6a. I plant in spring and give winter protection for the first several winters. Tends to die back to the ground till well established.

Can be semievergreen here in mild winters. When evergreen, the leaves turn deep purple in winter. Even when the leaves die, they do not abscise and have a nice tan winter presence.

The native range extends from southern MD and the north shore of the Ohio River ... read more


On Sep 30, 2014, james78070 from SPRING BRANCH, TX wrote:

I first bought this vine four years ago to cover my first 2500 gallon rain harvesting tank. According to the nursery tag it was the Tangerine Beauty varietal. I wanted the tank to be covered in leaves figuring it would help the tank last longer if it had the added protection from the sun.

I wrapped some black plastic deer fence I had left over around the tank and also over the top leaving a hole for the manhole cover at the top of the tank. I planted four of these around this tank in soil that was not very rich in nutrients. I did water it well the first summer but since then I have not watered it much - a couple times a week in the early spring (if it is a dry spring) to help encourage the spring bloom period then after the spring bloom ends I water it once or twice a m... read more


On Jun 15, 2014, woodspirit1 from Lake Toxaway, NC (Zone 7a) wrote:


On Sep 30, 2011, YardBirdJim from Ashburn, GA wrote:

Bignonia species can become very invasive after a few years. Underground runners or suckers can come up 30+ feet or more from the original root ball. Once this happens, there will be cross vine suckers coming up all over the place. At that stage, it is very difficult to completely eradicate. The short bloom period did not prove to be very good at attracting hummingbirds.
I have found that the variety 'Tangerine Beauty' is comparatively tame and non-invasive. I hope it stays that way. Even the hummingbirds seem to prefer this variety over the species.


On Jun 27, 2011, Mrrobba from Englewood, OH wrote:

I live in Central Ohio and have a weekend getaway in SE Ohio. I noticed this orange trumpet flower in the spring. It was growing wild up two of my fence posts. Back in Yellow Springs, OH I've noticed the same plant growing up trees and covering the base of the tree. Birds must be spreading the seeds. I love Hummingbirds so now that I know the Cross vine attracts them, I'll grow them closer to the house. I was wondering how to grow them so now I look for the seed pods. Thanks to the info on this website.


On Mar 2, 2011, kgfl from Palm Bay, FL wrote:

I live in east central Florida and I planted my cross vine about 2 years ago. Both years we had a few 32 degree nights; it seemed to barely notice and is blooming like mad this's early March and it is lovely! I haven't given it much food or water and it's in on a south wall;lots of sun. To disguise the leggy lower portion, I planted passiflora at the base, fully prepared to prune!


On Aug 16, 2010, Ludlow37 from Rock Hill, SC wrote:

Had a Crossvine on a heavily sunlit 6-foot trellis for 8 years--finally gave up on it this spring--it was definitely not evergreen, though gorgeous when in full leaf and flower. It just started looking ratty and stringy from about November to May, with dead (or no) leaves and grey tendrils and a few spent blossoms still hanging on. After two years of that, we decided the bare arbor looked better! Anybody else have that problem--or have a replacement suggestion that won't eat the house?

Rock Hill, SC


On Sep 8, 2009, jazzy1okc from Oklahoma City, OK wrote:

This is by far the nicest vine in my yard and I have many, many vines. In my OKC, zone 7 garden, Tangerine Crossvine is evergreen, although the blooms are so numerous off and on throughout the summer and into fall that the foliage seems to disappear! My three-year-old crossvine has nearly covered a metal shed, something no other vine I've tried has been able to do, probably because of the intense heat. It seems to like half day, afternoon sun, deep watering in especially hot weather, compost mulch, and both Miracid and Holly Tone organic fertilizer. Hummingbirds love it. Oddly enough, it also attracted a rare (for this area) painted bunting that stripped off all the petals and ate the sweet centers of the flowers during one spring flush of bloom this year! It is a nice, tidy vine tha... read more


On Mar 16, 2008, krissy_p from Pipe Creek, TX wrote:

Wow! My husband planted this in FULL shade on the northside of our house, it is in full bloom and it is the fastest growing vine I have ever seen.


On Apr 11, 2007, pajaritomt from Los Alamos, NM (Zone 5a) wrote:

I found this plant growing in the woods along a dirt road in Lumberton, Mississippi -- that is southern Mississippi. It is extremely beautiful and was growing wild on stumps and in trees and bushes. It receives no care and lives in hot wet weather. I hope to get some seeds next time I go by. Lumberton is in zip code 39455.


On Apr 10, 2007, ertert from Athens, GA wrote:

I, too, worried about the effects of the freeze on the Crossvine. There is a huge stand of it growing along a roadside near me, and in passing, it looks okay. I haven't had a chance to stop and inspect it closely but plan to do so soon.


On Apr 7, 2007, meredithwilliams from Lewisburg, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

This is newly planted in my garden, a large two gallon plant and is thriving, already showing blooms until a very late frost last night. Does anyone know if this late frost will damage the plant and what might I expect in length of time for it to recover.


On Jan 9, 2007, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Crossvine, Cross-Vine, Trumpet Flower Bignonia capreolata is Native to Texas and other States.


On Aug 17, 2006, mamajack from Fate, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

while this plant might LIKE moist soil it grows in my garden that i named THE GARDEN THAT TEXAS CAN'T KILL. no water, no fertilizer, all day complete west side texas sun and has been there for over 5 years. 'nuff said. i like this plant.


On Apr 21, 2006, OhioBreezy from Dundee, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

growing this year, will see how it takes the winters here in my 5b gardens with some protection.


On Mar 5, 2006, J_hilscher from Round Rock, TX wrote:

We planted the coral crossvine on our 6 ft. wooden fence 5 years ago. It is leafy and dark green year round and slopes over the fence making it nice to look at during our "winter" in Austin, TX. When blooming, it is very thickly covered in orangey/pinkish colored blooms. My husband once accidentally cut it to the ground with the weed wacker, and it came back. We have never had a problem with it being invasive. It does spread but doesn't pop up everywhere. Also, we have never watered it, and it still thrives. It was planted on the shady side of the fence and slopes over the sunny side.


On Oct 23, 2005, penpen from North Tonawanda, NY (Zone 6a) wrote:

I started 2 plants from seed this year so this is my first year with this plant. It did take a while for the seeds to germinate but the plants have continued to grow and thrive all summer long. I will be anxious to see how they fair over the winter and how much growth they put on next year here in western NY.

It is now 2012, My crossvine from seed bloomed for the first time this year. The flowers were yellow on the inside with a deep red or burgundy throat abd burgundy or dusty brownish red on the outside. The blooms didn't last long which was the first disappointment and I noticed that the more moature vine in front is beginning to send up shoots 3 or 4 ft from the main trunk. I believe it was Jim in Ga. who said that the species can be invasive so as much as I wanted... read more


On Aug 13, 2004, jorjie from Odessa, TX wrote:

It is very hot and dry in West Texas. The crossvine is great. My vines are less than 2 years old and are pest-free. They were completely covered with blooms in April and now in August have a few blooms again. The leaves are glossy and green and have not burned like so many plants do in our 100+ degree weather.


On Sep 1, 2001, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

This is a fast-growing,high-climbing woody vine with opposite,compound leaves having just two leaflets that are 3"-5" long with a long slender tendril between them.The trumpet-shaped,fragrant flowers,are red-brown on the outside and yellow-orange on the inside.They are 2-3 inches long and in clusters of 2-5.You can plant at the base of trees as it searches for the sunlight.It spreads by root sprouting and can become invasive.The vines name comes from the fact that if you cut a stem you will see a cross in the cut stem.Hummingbirds love this vine.