Clitoria Species, Butterfly Pea Vine, Pigeon Wing

Clitoria mariana

Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Clitoria (klih-TOH-ree-uh) (Info)
Species: mariana (mar-ee-AH-nuh) (Info)
Synonym:Clitoria marina
Synonym:Ternatea mariana
Synonym:Vexillaria mariana


Vines and Climbers

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:



36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Rancho Calaveras, California

Valley Springs, California

Daytona Beach, Florida

Fountain, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Lithia, Florida

Panama City Beach, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida

Vero Beach, Florida

Barnesville, Georgia

Cornelia, Georgia

Townsend, Georgia

Watkinsville, Georgia

White, Georgia

Barbourville, Kentucky

Columbia, Louisiana

Brookeville, Maryland

Biloxi, Mississippi

Sturgis, Mississippi

Piedmont, Missouri

Bessemer City, North Carolina

Mebane, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Eufaula, Oklahoma

Mercer, Pennsylvania

Aiken, South Carolina

Okatie, South Carolina

Salem, South Carolina

Spartanburg, South Carolina

Austin, Texas

Conroe, Texas

Longview, Texas

Lufkin, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Shepherd, Texas

Leesburg, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 23, 2015, sladeofsky from Louisville, KY (Zone 6b) wrote:

What kind of Butterfly Pea do you have? Info from
Clitoria Mariana is known by some as Butterfly Pea, and Centrosema virginianum as Spurred Butterfly Pea. The 2 Native American flowering vines are easily confused. A spur is found at the base of the petals of Centrosema. Another key characteristic that can help is the relative length of the corolla tube. Clitoria mariana has a long visible corolla tube usually as long or longer than the keel and wing petals. Centrosema virginianum, on the other hand, has a short corolla tube that is generally invisible as you look at the frontside of the blossom.


On Oct 14, 2014, jbeau47 from VERO BEACH, FL wrote:

I love this vine - it is one of the true blues in my garden and grows easily from seed. I don't know what variety I have as I got seeds from a friend's vine.


On Jul 20, 2013, jameso from Longview, TX wrote:

I've seen this plant act as host to two kinds of skipper butterflies


On Dec 30, 2011, sarahboom from Halesite, NY wrote:

I am looking for the seeds for clitoria mariana. My sister Mariana is dying and I want to plant them for my parents.


On Aug 23, 2006, QueenB from Shepherd, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

This dainty little vine can be found growin wild in our area, where it quickly travels up fences and taller weeds. You can see them plainly in the morning blooming with wild morning glories. I have one that has shown up on my garden fence after everything else is spent. They seem to show up more in the late summer.


On Aug 1, 2005, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

Grown as an annual in zone 5.