Coccoloba Species, Sea Grape

Coccoloba uvifera

Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Coccoloba (koh-koh-LOW-buh) (Info)
Species: uvifera (oo-VEE-fer-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Guaiabara uvifera
Synonym:Polygonum uviferum
View this plant in a garden


Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Tucson, Arizona

Larkfield-Wikiup, California

Loma Linda, California

San Diego, California

Big Pine Key, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida

Cocoa Beach, Florida

Daytona Beach, Florida

Deltona, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Jupiter, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida

Lake Worth, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Largo, Florida(2 reports)

Loxahatchee, Florida

Melbourne, Florida

Miami, Florida

Naples, Florida

New Port Richey, Florida

Orlando, Florida(2 reports)

Palm Bay, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida

Port Charlotte, Florida

Punta Gorda, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Venice, Florida

Wauchula, Florida

Hilo, Hawaii

Honolulu, Hawaii

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Vieques, Puerto Rico

Houston, Texas

Pasadena, Texas

Rockport, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 4, 2018, FloriDaze from Oviedo, FL wrote:

I live in zone 9b, 40 miles west of the coast and on the south shore of Lake Jesup. I bought five sea grapes from a local nursery several years ago and they are doing great. They get morning to early afternoon sun and are never in total shade. They do like to grow up instead of out, so I have to prune them to keep their height down and encourage them to spread out a bit. Our central Florida winters have been warm since I planted them, except for last year, with two mild freezes. They rebounded nicely. Each year I get more and more blooms producing grapes, but never seem to be able to get to them before the birds eat them. I am happy to see seedlings this year for the first time.


On Nov 1, 2014, hangitup from Cape Coral, FL wrote:

I have a sea grape within a foot of our sea wall. My husband is afraid the roots will crack the wall. Does anyone know how far away it should be planted. My tree is only 4ft tall and could be transplanted, but I like it where it is.


On Oct 29, 2014, perrya from Larkfield-Wikiup, CA wrote:

I have one growing in Santa Rosa, CA. located in the wine country.


On Feb 29, 2012, johnnydo from Loxahatchee, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Great tasting fruit - like grape jelly. Each fruit has a little flesh around a large seed.


On Jan 31, 2011, TarponDeb from Tarpon Springs, FL wrote:

Would appreciate more information regarding propagation of sea grape tree from a cutting. Such as, where is the best place to cut? How deep should the cutting be planted? Does it help to soak the cutting prior to planting? Thank you! :D


On Nov 9, 2009, vossner from East Texas,
United States (Zone 8a) wrote:

Love the round leaves. Mine dies to the ground but returns. In 2008 I covered it so the plant would be more advanced in the spring, and it worked. So I will continue to winter protect.

Did not survive winter of 2010 despite protection. Will not replace. This is truly a coastal plant and not worth the trouble in my garden. Still adore the round foliage but I'm trying to simplify chores, so sea grapes do not fit in my plan.


On Jul 30, 2007, LEEBLACKM3 from Cape Coral, FL wrote:

Easy to grow and propagate this plant requires very little maintenance. The fruit, which clusters like grapes, is edible but not to everyone's taste.

Here in Southwest Florida one simply cuts off a two foot section from the top and plants the cut end in the ground. Instant new Sea Grape.

The down side is that these plants grow like crazy down here and they are messy. The leaves are large and after they turn from green to red they fly like frisbees all over the place. Considering the size, the fallen leaves can block out sun from smaller plants and strain relationships with neighbors.

Older specimens like mine have a trunk up to six inches with branches up to four inches. Keeping them trimmed down to waist or so height produces a tight cluster of... read more


On Jul 13, 2006, jtmiller from Pasadena, TX wrote:

Was not sure it would grow in the Houston area however my plant has done fine over the past 3 years. It has even survived the freak snow we had here a year ago near christmas. Each winter is has died back but only about a foot from the tips and this year actually produced fruit! Near my pool it adds an awesome tropical feel!


On Aug 1, 2004, punaheledp from Kailua, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

Growing up, our neighbor had large tree right by the seawall, which provided some much appreciated shade. The fruit was tart making good jelly. It propogated easily, always lots of seedling sprouting up, which, I suppose could become invasive if not kept after, and the seeds were most unpleasant on bare feet in the pathway.


On Jul 31, 2004, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Sea Grape is one of the best native plants in South Florida. It is very easy to grow, requires little water as it grows naturally in the wild, provides food and shelter for wildlife, and is very attractive with lush foilage. It is native and grows naturally along the beaches on coastal dunes and in the tropical hardwood hammocks of coastal central and southern Florida from Cape Canaveral and St. Augustine as well as Tampa Bay southward throughout the Keys. It is very salt-tolerant and extremely hardy, as it grows exposed on the dunes along the coast to harsh winds and strong hurricanes. It's berries provide food for native wildlife and it's leaves and branches provide shelter for people and wildlife. I have a young, about 4-feet-tall sea grape in my backyard and it is growing very well, ev... read more


On Nov 19, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

One sees this plant everywhere on the long barrier islands off of St. Petersburg and Clearwater in Pinellas County, Florida. The barrier islands are mostly overdeveloped, and you can only see the beach behind the multi-story condos, hotels and restaurants from the minuscule public access parks, where you have to run back and put a quarter into the parking meters every few minutes.

So this plant is a good choice for this commercial area, as the plants are pretty low maintenance, and can grow to great size--up to 30 feet, but usually kept lower--as they provide some greenery, along with the palm trees, in an otherwise sea of concrete and asphalt.

I've also seen sea grape used in back yards in St. Petersburg--along alleyways to hide parked cars and garbage can... read more


On Nov 18, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

This is a common plant in Rio de Janeiro, mostly planted along the oceanic avenues.

I like the reddish veins on some leaves, but besides it, I dont find it so atractive. There are prettier trees that could be planted on their place. And Ive seen a lot of them in trouble with aphids.


On Sep 5, 2001, Floridian from Lutz, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

The Sea Grape, native to the sandy seashores of tropical America, usually forms a low shrub but may be a spreading tree 30 to 35 feet (10 m) in height. The stiff, roundish leaves may measure 8 by 7 inches (20 by 17.5 cm) and have prominent, reddish veins. The attractive appearance of the leaves on the flexuous branches and the resistance of the plant to damage by salt make it valuable as an ornamental for oceanside homes. Small white flowers are produced on slender, hanging racemes 4 to 10 inches long (10 to 25 cm).As many as 40 or 50 fruits may be found on a single cluster, giving the appearance of a bunch of grapes.
The velvety fruits are globose to pear-shaped, about 3/4 of an inch long (2 cm), and range from dark purple, to purple, to occasionally off white. The edible pulp surr... read more