Delphinium Species, Larkspur, Candle Delphinium

Delphinium elatum

Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Delphinium (del-FIN-ee-um) (Info)
Species: elatum (el-AH-tum) (Info)
Synonym:Delphinastrum elatum
Synonym:Delphinium atropurpureum
Synonym:Delphinium belladonna
Synonym:Delphinium hybridum
Synonym:Delphinium intermedium
View this plant in a garden



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:




White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Mid Fall



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From herbaceous stem cuttings

Allow cut surface to callous over before planting

By air layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Duarte, California

El Cajon, California

Richmond, California

Machesney Park, Illinois

Mount Prospect, Illinois

Ellicott City, Maryland

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Midland, Michigan

Point Pleasant Beach, New Jersey

Ithaca, New York

Lebanon, Pennsylvania

Puyallup, Washington

Redmond, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Vancouver, Washington

Appleton, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 23, 2008, KaylyRed from Watertown, WI (Zone 5a) wrote:

Is on its second year in my garden. Its first season it bloomed beautifully but did need some staking to stay upright. This year it's taking off and the stems look strong and sturdy--I may not need to stake it. I've yet to see buds on it, but we're late this season due to a harsh winter. Foliage growth is very vigorous and healthy.

I haveit in a small bed near my front porch. It's growing well in clay soil amended with compost. The plant has average water needs and hasn't required any babying other than to get it established last year.


On Apr 2, 2007, bluespiral from (Zone 7a) wrote:

some germination notes:

Sow at 71-75*F; germination in less than 2 weeks.

Park's Success with Seeds (1978) further notes that seeds of delphinium have a short-term viability, so should not be stored, but sown as fresh as possible. Also, that seed should be covered as they require darkness to germinate.

From a source I can't remember: If you're sowing seed in the summer, it might help to refrigerate the seed a couple of weeks before sowing to facilitate germination.

Ours was grown from seed by methods #1 & 3 above in summer a few years ago, and in spite of only getting half a day's sun "thanks" to a monster silver maple, has been a great time machine taking us back to by-gone times, coming up through rue, southernwood and yello... read more


On May 6, 2005, nevadagdn from Sparks, NV (Zone 7a) wrote:

I grow this plant in dryish shade in clay loam with river rock over it. It does fine there if the bugs don't eat it.


On Nov 9, 2004, lmelling from Ithaca, NY (Zone 5b) wrote:

I have delphiniums growing all over in various gardens around our property. Wonderful short-lived perennial that I grow for use in dried arrangements (and just to enjoy them nodding in the breeze!).
I grow several types: Black Knight and Round Table mixture being the most prevalent in my garden and have colors like deep blue with white or black bees, lavendar, violet, white and pink. Although for drying I prefer the dark blue, the violet/lavendar are probably my favorite - so delicate yet just awesome in color.

They grow well in full sun here in zone 5, in well drained soil. Very hardy - have lived through winters with no protection (mulch) down to -25 degrees and come back like gangbusters. If cut back after first flowers, will comeback to rebloom all the way un... read more


On Sep 17, 2004, pokerboy from Canberra,
Australia (Zone 8b) wrote:

A wonderful, beautifull stately perennial plant. Can grow quite tall actually to 130 cm and may need staking from strong winds. Good for a cottage garden. A great perennial plant. pokerboy.


On Nov 4, 2002, teenflower wrote:

this plant is a great addition to any garden. it is so pretty when several spikes are in bloom at the same time. and if you look at the picture i summited it is not that color. it is a pale blue, something messed up with the program i was using. GO VOLS!!!!!!!!!


On Jun 5, 2002, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Can I give this a strong positive and a strong negative? Strong positive when plant has survived to at least 3 years old: the clumps become regal-sized, many flowering stalks. Usually dies after that in most of US leaving severe depression, and a big hole in the border. "My delphiniums!" is a cry often heard.


On Mar 12, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

This clump-forming perennial is the tall, regal, early-blooming garden plant that most people think of when they hear delphinium. This lovely plant is often described as "stately." Blooming spires of rich blues, pale purples, bright whites, pinks, yellows, or reds bloom from early to mid-summer. The leaves are divided, lobed, and are medium to bright green.

The name comes from the Greek delphis, meaning dolphin. Ancient Greeks thought the shape of the flower bud resembled that of a dolphin.