Salvia Species, Blue Anise Sage, Brazilian Sage

Salvia coerulea

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Salvia (SAL-vee-uh) (Info)
Species: coerulea (ko-er-OO-lee-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Salvia ambigens
Synonym:Salvia caerulea
Synonym:Salvia guaranitica
Synonym:Salvia hoveyi
Synonym:Salvia melanocalyx
» View all varieties of Salvias
View this plant in a garden




36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Bloom Color:

Medium Blue

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall





Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From softwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Florence, Alabama

Gadsden, Alabama

Vincent, Alabama

Hesperia, California

Lake Arrowhead, California

Redding, California

Sacramento, California

San Francisco, California

Winchester, California

Wilmington, Delaware

Brooksville, Florida

Largo, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Barnesville, Georgia

Jonesboro, Georgia

Derby, Kansas

Olathe, Kansas

Shawnee Mission, Kansas

New Iberia, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana

West Monroe, Louisiana

Madison, Mississippi

Mathiston, Mississippi

Pope, Mississippi

Rodeo, New Mexico

Fuquay Varina, North Carolina

Parkesburg, Pennsylvania

South Montrose, Pennsylvania

Conway, South Carolina

Edisto Island, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina

Johnson City, Tennessee

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Houston, Texas (2 reports)

San Antonio, Texas

Norfolk, Virginia

Seattle, Washington

Shoreline, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 2, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

I love this plant for its vigor and its long display of vivid blue flowers from late summer through fall. I'm especially fond of 'Black and Blue', whose calyces and flower stems are black instead of the usual green. I can't detect a fragrance from the flowers, though the foliage is pleasantly aromatic when rubbed or crushed.

It performs best in full sun here, but even with only a couple of hours of sun it grows upright without support and blooms acceptably.

Here in Boston (Z6a) it usually does not survive the winter outside, and when it does it wakes up late and blooms little and late.

It forms tubers radiating from the center, much like a dahlia. Last fall I cut down and carefully dug up six plants, taking some care to keep the tubers attached... read more


On Sep 1, 2014, gruwellfam2 from Seattle, WA wrote:

I love my Black and Blue. I have had it for 10 years, in full sun with water. It has not spread very much. I stay on top of it and dig pieces out for other people. In the fall I cover it with newspaper and 3 inches of fertile mulch along with all of my Salvia Gregii plants. Oh, the hummers!!!! Both the Sage and the hummers are exceptional!!


On Jul 24, 2013, ahassel4u from Elmsford, NY wrote:

This is my first year with the plant. Love the form & flowers, but leaves have been absolutely skeletonized by Asian Garden Beetles (maladera castanea) which I am in the process of trying to control. We'll see what happens next year...


On Nov 5, 2011, XemaSab from Redding, CA wrote:

After reading that it could be invasive, I relegated it to the back fence and proceeded to totally ignore it for three years. It's growing great in dry shade. I got some more for the area this fall, and it can invade back there all it wants!


On Sep 24, 2011, thinkinonit from Norfolk, VA wrote:

I have S. guaranitica "Black and Blue" plant in a semi-sun area and it thrives! It is growing pretty compact and bushy and as of now - Sep 24th, in Norfolk VA. it is completely covered in flowers. I am thrilled it does so well without getting "leggy" in a more shaded area.


On Aug 2, 2010, Darmananda from New Iberia, LA wrote:

I gotta be neutral on this plant because as others have said, they will grow weedy and try to take over nearby flower bed but if you are plating them as standalone without having other smaller size plants nearby, then this makes a nice & unique flowers in your garden (they call them blue but I say they are dark purple). Haven't seen hummers on them as they are planted on the side of the house where I only go to water the plants. I do say they are hardier and more pest-free than the red varieties that attract caterpillars, snails, leafspot and other diseases. Plant break easily when cultivating nearby or moving, but it will grow new branches in no time and become full again.


On Aug 2, 2010, pentama from Johnson City, TN wrote:

This beauty has been growing in my zone 6b garden for at least five years. Hummingbirds love it. It spreads but is easy to pull out. Gardening friends are thrilled to adopt the excess plants.


On Jul 24, 2010, alzone7 from Gadsden, AL wrote:

This one does spread, but hasn't totally taken over. It's well worth having just for the hummingbirds. There is always at least one working ours. I'm going to move them to an area right outside our breakfast room windows where there will be lots of room and we'll have a better view of the hummers.


On Jan 6, 2009, canipity from Parkesburg, PA wrote:

Believe it or not we've had this guy survive here in Zone 6b. It has come back the last few years I suppose due to a mild winter. Also had some babies.


On Jul 7, 2008, crowellli from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

This is the most invasive plant I've ever encountered. It's up there with mint. It spreads by underground runners and has taken over a huge bed and crowded out every other plant in that bed. I am not struggling to prevent it from jumping to the next bed. The runners are going under a stone path and inching into the rose bed. I've pulled up tons of it, but if you leave a bit of the broken runner in the ground, you get new plants. I really wish I'd never planted this plant!


On Dec 27, 2006, pal2k9s from Lake Arrowhead, CA (Zone 8a) wrote:

In the spring I planted 4 four-inch tall plants ('Sapphire') in a dry, sunny area of my garden where I couldn't get much to grow. They rewarded me with amazing growth by summer, reaching almost 5 feet tall. In my garden, they bloom constantly until the first freeze. The flowers are gorgeous, and the scent of the leaves is amazing. And they reseed very nicely as well. They enjoy a good drink once a week unless it's really hot- then an extra watering or two keeps them happy.

One of my favorite activities is watching all the bees and hummingbirds flock around these plants. It's really funny to see the huge bumblebees try to get to the nectar of these narrow flowers. Many bees 'cheat' to get to the nectar; they make a small hole in the calyx of the flower to get to it. I have en... read more


On May 16, 2004, zzazzq from Madison, MS wrote:

Great plant for zone8. Long bloom period and gorgeous blue. Very sensitive to winter won't be hardy if saturated thru the winter.


On Jun 20, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

I second the comment that it's hardy to at least 7 - I was pleasantly surprised to find it coming back this spring, after a fairly typical winter here in 6b/7a.


On Sep 23, 2002, hummer_nut from Montgomery, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

This salvia, unlike most other salvias, prefers shade and moisture, but will do OK in full sun with good moisture. It is hardy to at least zone 7. A hummingbird favorite. It multiplies by sending out new runners from parent. If you want a single large specimen, remove these runners. In zone 8 it blooms almost continuously from April till the temp goes below 27F. There is also a sky blue form called 'Argentina Skies', does not multiply fast by runners.


On May 5, 2002, bmuller from Albuquerque, NM (Zone 7a) wrote:

This is a plant that I've been surprised to find came back strongly (foliage, that is--too early to tell about bloom)in the spring. It is a nice plant--has performed relatively well for me in high desert, Zone 7, partial shade conditions.

Five years later, in the spring of 2007, my anise sages continue to thrive. Since we provided more sun for them (cut down several large trees), they seem even happier--healthier spread, better bloom.. They even survived this past winter, the worst one we've had in 30 years. Also, I've successfully propagated a couple of them through cuttings.