Chusan Palm, Windmill Palm 'Nainital'

Trachycarpus fortunei

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Trachycarpus (trak-ee-KAR-pus) (Info)
Species: fortunei (for-TOO-nee-eye) (Info)
Cultivar: Nainital
Additional cultivar information:(aka Naini Tal)



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

This plant is suitable for growing indoors


over 40 ft. (12 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer


Grown for foliage



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Douglasville, Georgia

Portage, Indiana

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Winston Salem, North Carolina

Belle Vernon, Pennsylvania

Boothwyn, Pennsylvania

North, South Carolina

Arp, Texas

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 15, 2014, NorthSC from North, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

I wish everyone would describe hardiness of a plant in several stages: while a seedlings, while a young plant, a larger plant but still without much trunk and then an adult plant. This same palm as a small 1 footer can get damaged by temperatures that are much warmer than 5F. Make it a new default standard and lots of new research.

Some plants while small can get killed by 32F or below (or above), yet some can withstand down to 20F more or less as seedlings. This kind of research and info is important to provide along hardiness for adults palms. Giving hardiness info (USDA zones and temperatures) just for adult plants is not enough to get the entire picture.

Mine as a 1 ft. plant got exposed to 12F and has its fronds dried, but is not dead yet and the spear do... read more


On Nov 9, 2013, AnglerAlex88 from Burns Harbor, IN wrote:

Bought a 3-4 year old Trachy in 2005 from a grower In Dallas and had it shipped to my home in the Chicago area. In spring of 06 I planted it on the south facing of my house. It stood about 3 feet tall in the ground and had no trunk. As of 2013 the trunk is roughly 6 ft with a crown reaching to 9+ ft in height.

My Trachy always gets leaf damage in winter due to my light on overwintering methods, but looks excellent by spring. To overwinter I simply place a long 2x4 vertically next to the trunk and bungee cord it at different places on the trunk to keep it steady. I secure a thick towel to the top of the wooden 2x4 to prevent the plastic sheet from tearing. Last, I drape a large piece of plastic over the 2x4 like a tent and place a few bricks at the base. In the future I will ... read more


On May 24, 2013, TDogg77 from Belle Vernon, PA wrote:

I overwintered this palm in western Pennsylvania with good success. It had some foliar damage to a couple fronds but has already by May grown a full green frond and has an emerging spear pushing out. It should put on several more by fall. Hopefully winter #2 will be as kind!
This is a great palm to try in zone 6.