Zizia Species, Golden Alexanders, Golden Zizia

Zizia aurea

Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Zizia (ZIZ-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: aurea (AW-re-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Carum aureum
Synonym:Sison aureum



Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Athens, Alabama

Gadsden, Alabama

Pacific Junction, Iowa

Yale, Iowa

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Cole Camp, Missouri

Hudson, New Hampshire

Trenton, New Jersey

Ellenville, New York

Pound Ridge, New York

Marshall, North Carolina

Chesterland, Ohio

Birdsboro, Pennsylvania

Garland, Texas

Arlington, Virginia

Leesburg, Virginia

Vienna, Virginia

Madison, Wisconsin

Westfield, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 29, 2016, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

I cared for this perennial some in front of a new house in a sunny landscape in southeast PA for a customer. It grows well in full sun and well-drained soil or does well in part-shade and moist or draining wet soils. I've found it wild in French Creek State Park in southeast PA on woodland edges. It is not a well-known forb and is only occasionally planted. It is offered more by native plant nurseries than conventional ones, though large conventional nurseries with lots of perennials offered often have some. It is an easy, reliable perennial native from Saskatchewan to New Brunswick south to around the Gulf of Mexico. It is a short-lived perennial that continues by self-sowing. It is deer resistant. Many butterflies and short-tongued pollinators love the flowers, and swallowtail butterfly ... read more


On Jul 8, 2012, patriciaarln from Arlington, VA wrote:

This is my second year with Golden Alexanders growing in clay soil, partly shaded. They've done well. Nice flowers, nice foliage (tall). Flowered in the spring, but now (July) I have new flowers on new growth. Seedheads are attractive.


On Aug 19, 2008, gsteinbe from Trenton, NJ wrote:

Posted in August 2008: I really wanted to grow this, but rabbits and groundhogs have eaten it over and over. I planted bulk seed in a flower bed in sun, and many plants are still alive after all the abuse from the small mammals, but they've never gotten big enough to flower or thrive before being eaten off again.

Updated May 2014: What seemed like one small plant survived and began to prosper. Now an entire corner of the bed is covered in Golden Alexander. Not necessarily invasive, but maybe a bit aggressive? Still I'm glad that it survived and has prospered.


On May 2, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

Likes boggy areas and wet areas - will grow in partial shade - can only be found in specialize wildflower nurseries. The reason for this is that it have less (by the avearge person) beauty - it have flowers that look like a yellow Queen Anne Laces but smaller in size. Otherwise this native will add diversity to a open wooded wetland (it doesn't compete well with cattails and other aggressive water plants.)