Cordyline, Hawaiian Ti Plant, Good Luck Plant, Ti Plant 'Colorful Ti Cultivars'

Cordyline fruticosa

Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Cordyline (kor-di-LY-nee) (Info)
Species: fruticosa (froo-tih-KOH-suh) (Info)
Cultivar: Colorful Ti Cultivars


Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual

Suitable for growing in containers



Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Blooms all year

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From softwood cuttings

By air layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Yorba Linda, California

Kissimmee, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Kurtistown, Hawaii

Bryan, Texas

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 19, 2016, gardenbear49 from Poinciana, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Here in Z9B Central Florida, the 'Red Sister' cultivar is in practically every other yard. Does great for years, unless we have a sub-freezing winter.
Then the above ground stems die but may survive from the roots if cold spell not prolonged. The winter winds make the leaves look pretty ratty and weatherbeaten and may shed a lot but make a good recovery by summer. My 2 yr old plants got to 7' this year and several stems snapped off from strong winds. Will have to do some major pruning this spring! I find the 'Purple Prince' cultivar doesn't look quite so bad in the winter but is harder to locate. Any other varieties out there that do ok in the winter??


On Jul 20, 2012, muffingirl97 from Georgetown, TX wrote:

everyone seems to be saying that the hawaiian ti is a houseplant. i bought several at home depot and planted outside (in texas). they seemed fine until it got hot. would you all agree that this should not be planted outdoors? this is an east facing bed but gets the sun until maybe 1pm. i just cant understand why home depot would sell a houseplant as a bedding plant. im thinking i should pull them all up and take them back. thanks for any insite.


On Jun 27, 2012, SandieE from Angola, NY wrote:

It took me 3 tries to grow a Ti pant from logs my sister brought back from Hawaii, but the resulting plant has been my "baby" for over 33 years (it is older than my youngest child). It has always been a house plant and there have been times when I thought I had killed it from neglect or whatever, but it has always managed to bounce back. I am not a gardener of any sort and generally tend to fare badly with plants (even a resurrection plant died off permanently on my watch!), but "Ty" has managed to survive all these years in spite of my lack of a green thumb.

It is now a hardy 4.5' tall bush that occupies a western-facing alcove in my dining room in the winter, and a northeastern window in my entry hall in the summer. It has seemed to thrive in those places in my house he... read more


On Jan 21, 2012, Bookiecat wrote:

Hi everyone! I am worried about my ti plant, I've only had one in the past, and the one I have now is blooming! a leaf has wrapped itself around some yellow seeds and has been detached from the plant. I have no clue what to do, I've never cut up my tea plant or removed any leaves that haven't already turned brown. If anyone could help me that would be great! On the other hand I know a lot of people have questions about their plants. I water mine a cup every other day, it's right next to to large windows and gets all the sunlight it can. I've tried to grow some red ti plants that can never get them past the log stage, apparently they need less sunlight but I still don't know how to grow them. Also, with my first plant, I grew it inside her a few years and then moved it out into the sunlight... read more


On May 17, 2011, Lilycrazd from Slatington, PA wrote:

I bought a ti plant stick at the Philadelphia Flower Show about 35 years ago. It has grown well inside my house, reaching up to the 2-story high roof in my family room during that time. The only problem I have had with it was when my cat mistook it for her litter box and almost killed it. After it recovered (with repotting) and grew another 10 feet high, I had to strip off the leaves and chop it into pieces. I was petrified that it would die. It didn't and now I have 3, and gave everyone pieces, sprouted and potted, for Christmas about 4 years ago. But now, for the first time in 35 years, they are BLOOMING! After my banana tree bloomed, it died. I'm hoping the ti plant doesn't meet the same sad fate. Can anyone give me advice?


On Nov 6, 2010, imanerd from Saucier, MS (Zone 8b) wrote:

I've been growing this plant outdoors in zone 8b for about six years now. It dies back in winter but so far has regrown from the roots each spring.


On Aug 8, 2010, heyrink from Wildwood, FL wrote:

I love the Ti plant, I have "red sister" which is very bright pink, but after last winter hard frost in Florida, they came back but are not very colorful at all, like when I bought them at Lowes.
Is there some special attention, or fertilizer that could bring back theirr bright color?


On Apr 17, 2010, SBHowell504 from New Orleans, LA wrote:

I live in New Orleans, LA. I recently bought 4 of these plants at a Home Depot. They seemed in reasonably good health and I put them in a bed outside on the east side of my house. As the weather has gotten warmer, not hot yet (it hasn't been above 82 degrees Farenheit yet), the purple leaves look sunburned and are fading to white then brown spots, and the green leaves are turning black. I wish I knew what is wrong. Too much sun? Seems too early and cool for that but I don't know if I should dig them up and put them on the north side or inside?


On Mar 1, 2010, TiKingMaui from Haiku, HI wrote:

It is best to cut back Ti plants before they get too tall (6' to 8') as the woody part of the plant will begin to thin and/or fall sideways as it gets too tall. I have approx. 5,000 ti plants of various varities and sizes in my nursery, both in the ground and potted.

To cut back the ti plant simply cut all of the thick canes (shoots) at about 2' above ground. New shoots will quickly sprout within 6 inches or so of the cut. Because multiple shoots will result from cutting the "parent" cane it is important to not cut too high as the plant will become top heavy - especially important in the case of potted plants.

The cuttings grow best if you take pieces approx 8 to 12 inches long, place them up right in a bucket or other container, and cover the bottom 2 i... read more


On Feb 27, 2010, Ron52 from Gastonia, NC wrote:

In '75 (thats 1975 not 1875!) I went to Hawaii and brought back some of the plant's logs. They grew quite easily, I had six (3 green and 3 red) and reached about 1.5 to 2 ft in height quickly. But while at college they were neglected and I couldn't revive them when I returned home. In 1983 I received a pack of the logs from my in-laws after returning from their trip to Hawaii. All grew quickly after months of soaking in water initially. Even with the wax on the ends, they were quite dry looking. I have one that survived and flourished. Which is the reason for the positive experience. It took time, growing plants is an exercise in patience. And now I have a slight problem. I have a Ti plant now over 10' tall from plant base to top leaf tip, my ceiling at it's apex is about 15'. M... read more


On Jan 26, 2010, tigoddess from Annapolis, MD wrote:

Hi, I just found this site today. I have been trying to identify a plant that I brought back from Hawaiia during summer 03. All I could remember was that it was a "good luck" plant of some sort. I gave it (at the time it was in the log form. I thought it was just a dried up root) to my mother as a souvenir.
My mother started the root and the plant was born in fall 03. Now my former tiny Hawaiian Ti log is "two 5' tall beauties". They were difficult to root as I recall and I believe that is why she gave it back to me since her patience were waning.
I decided to fiddle with them; volcanic rock in bottom of clay pots only, my home made organic compost, daily chats, occasional wiping of the leaves, occasional misting, etc.
So they are spoiled. I once separated them. I did ... read more


On Jun 8, 2009, teresaabsurd from Fall River, MA wrote:

I grew up in Hawaii and when I moved away I noticed that I missed the plants a lot. I went on vacation back to Hawaii in 2006 and bought Ti logs but when I followed the directions on the package they just rotted (I'm a new gardener). I decided to give it another try when I went back last month and I'm very happy to say that after keeping the new logs in regular soil mixed with Perlite I'm getting growth! It'll be nice to have these plants around my house again. Since I'm in Massachusetts they'll be strictly indoors.


On May 12, 2009, Beach_Barbie from Kure Beach, NC (Zone 9a) wrote:

I always thought this plant would be an annual where I am (my tropical hibiscus barely survive the winter with mulching), so imagine my surprise when I saw new growth from the roots this spring! I hadn't pulled them out all winter thru sheer laziness. Now I'm glad I was lazy!!


On Jul 8, 2008, JaxFlaGardener from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

The Ti Plants are marginally hardy in my Zone 8b garden with winter temperatures as low as about 28 F in NE Florida. I am able to keep the Ti Plants from having severe frost/freeze damage by stringing the plants with twinkle lights and throwing a cloth cover over them on the coldest nights. Without that treatment, they tend to die back to the ground.



On Jun 14, 2008, YLgardenman from Yorba Linda, CA wrote:

I have had my Red (pink) Ti plant growing in my North facing planter for about 5 years. It has grown about 2.5 feet in height during that time. It gets flower buds every year but since this is in dead of winter they rarely bloom. I now have off shoots on each of the three main stalks. I want to propagate it from cuttings but I don't want to risk killing the main plant or the cutting. Interesting observation is that the color of the leaves is most intense in the fall months!

Update: I have since moved leaving my plant at my old property which is now a rental. Plant still growing.
In my new home I have several of these Ti Plants. Two planted in ground East facing and near house foundation to reduce frost risk and wind damage. These two are growing very well for 1.5 ye... read more


On May 23, 2007, mikevan from Comanche, TX wrote:

I left some of my ti out in an unheated greenhouse in 1-gallon pots here in Zone 8 Texas where they froze back to the soil. I had others so it wasn't a big loss. But when I went out in the Spring to recycle the soil, I noticed that the Ti had put out new shoots from the roots! The pots didn't get bone dry - I'd water some other hardy plants out there in the early Spring and they'd get a little sprinkling from time to time. For those of you who had winter-kill, don't write it off until late Spring - you never know if it'll come back from the roots. Let it sit fairly dry over the winter and start watering it in the Spring and keep an eye out for shoots.


On Sep 15, 2006, angiesart from Windsor, Ontario,
Canada wrote:

I am growing this as a houseplant in a sunny window location and it's doing well. Easy to grow. Don't overwater.The colours on foliage are very dramatic! Beautiful plant! I loved learning about the history and uses.

I also was confused about toxicity - all other sites say it is safe and non-toxic. I was worried about my pets.
I've reported it as an error and they are correcting this page.

Definitely a keeper plant!!! A++++


On Aug 31, 2006, mia01 from karachi,
Pakistan wrote:

mia01 31 Aug 06 Karachi

I have had this plant [the dark red variety] for two years now and have found it very slow-growing. It is in a largish pot but still under 2 feet high. Also in the plant properties mentioned above it is said to be poisonous, yet foodiesleuth says they wrap food in have we got something wrong somewhere?? Just wondering...


On May 2, 2005, ladyannne from Merced, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Lovely colour but needs more water, I think? The leaves dry off quickly.


On Jul 30, 2004, kbads from Kirksville, MO (Zone 5a) wrote:

I saw this plant on clearance at local store. Plant was in rough shape, but I just love the color on this! It is doing well, now that I took it home and repotted. I am going to try propagating this one, but need to read up on air-layering. The bright, bright pink leaves are really stunning!


On May 30, 2004, Buckdude from Lees Summit, MO wrote:

This is a beautiful plant in summer. I have to bring it in in the winter. It gets kind of ugly, then when put back out in spring it takes off growing again.


On Apr 29, 2004, jaxpatart from Jacksonville, FL wrote:

4/29/04 - Jacksonville, FL- my ti plants (and does "ti" rhyme w/ "eye" or "tea"?) live under a big old live oak tree - tho I was prepared to see them die back during the winter, they did not. In fact, all are "having babies" per this morning's inspection.


On Jan 24, 2004, maisoui11 from Modesto, CA wrote:

i have had one of these in a pot in my covered patio in orlando for about 2 and a half years. i have had mixed success. the pot came with about 5 logs, and all but 2 died within about 1 and a half years. now a few new ones have come up, but one has died. i water them 1-2X/week and they are in partial shade. any ideas about how i can do better? thank you :)


On Nov 16, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

I lived on the island of Maui, Hawaii, for over a year, and this plant was everywhere. Its red color really stood out in a world of intense green.

I lived in St. Petersburg, Florida, zone 9b, for ten years, and tried to grow this plant outdoors, but every few years they would get caught in a deep freeze, and I would lose them. So even there I think it is best grown as a container plant, or in a very protected place.

The "logs" mentioned above are sections of stem that can be rooted. "Lay short lengths in mixture of peat moss and sand, covering about one-half their diameter. Keep moist. When shoots grow out and root, cut them off and plant them." From Southern Living Garden Book.


On Nov 15, 2003, boop1 from Newport, NC wrote:

I have owned one of the plants since I bought one in the form of a 3inch long stick while on vacation in Hawaii in 1982. I took it back to San Diego, Ca. where it started to grow. It lived there until I moved to Newport,N.C. in 1995 where it is still thriving pretty good.It started its first winter on my screened in patio until the first frost. Thought I was going to loose it as it lost all of its leaves, but a beautiful huge flower sprouted from it. The first flower after owing it, at that point, for 13 years. After the flower died off,leaves started appearing again. I have now owned this plant for 21 years, longer than I have had my two children. Which after all this time I feel like it is one of my children


On May 26, 2003, Maudie from Harvest, AL wrote:

My sister gave me a Ti plant 'log' over twenty years ago. It has grown about five feet tall and still looks good. I have treated it as a houseplant all these years with minimum care.
Just water it when the soil gets dry and feed during the summer with weak solution of liquid fertlilizer and remove bottom leaves as they die off to keep the plant looking pretty.


On Mar 26, 2003, Dinu from Mysore,
India (Zone 10a) wrote:

"Complete Gardening In India", a book by KS Gopalswamiengar pictures this plant with a label C.mahatma. The reddish variegation is prominent. Another plant I had also threw up some little flowers at the tip some time ago. I think it was purplish coloured.