Lycoris Species, Hurricane Lily, Red Spider Lily, Surprise Lily

Lycoris radiata

Family: Amaryllidaceae (am-uh-ril-id-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lycoris (LY-kor-iss) (Info)
Species: radiata (rad-ee-AY-tuh) (Info)
Synonym:Amaryllis radiata
Synonym:Lycoris radiata f. bicolor
Synonym:Lycoris radiata var. kazukoana
Synonym:Lycoris radiata var. pumila
Synonym:Lycoris radiata var. terraccianii



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:



12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

over 6"

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Late Fall/Early Winter

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Albertville, Alabama

Anniston, Alabama

Auburn, Alabama

Birmingham, Alabama

Cullman, Alabama

Dothan, Alabama

Hayden, Alabama

Holly Pond, Alabama

Jones, Alabama

Lanett, Alabama

Madison, Alabama

Northport, Alabama

Pelham, Alabama

Pell City, Alabama

Smiths, Alabama

Vincent, Alabama

Mesa, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona(2 reports)

Scottsdale, Arizona

De Witt, Arkansas

El Dorado, Arkansas

Little Rock, Arkansas

Canoga Park, California

Clovis, California

Colton, California

Fresno, California

Lindsay, California

Oakhurst, California

Sacramento, California

Wilmington, Delaware

Brandon, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Cottondale, Florida

Crestview, Florida

Daytona Beach, Florida

Fountain, Florida

Homosassa, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Lake City, Florida

Milton, Florida

Niceville, Florida

Oldsmar, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida

Umatilla, Florida

Albany, Georgia

Blackshear, Georgia

Chatsworth, Georgia

Colbert, Georgia

Columbus, Georgia

Dacula, Georgia

Decatur, Georgia

Fitzgerald, Georgia

Hawkinsville, Georgia

Jesup, Georgia

Macon, Georgia

Mcdonough, Georgia

Newnan, Georgia

Norcross, Georgia(2 reports)

Patterson, Georgia

Stone Mountain, Georgia

Thomasville, Georgia

Tifton, Georgia

Wichita, Kansas

Barbourville, Kentucky

London, Kentucky

Abita Springs, Louisiana

Bordelonville, Louisiana

Bossier City, Louisiana

Carencro, Louisiana

Deridder, Louisiana

Echo, Louisiana

Elm Grove, Louisiana

Franklin, Louisiana

Gonzales, Louisiana

Independence, Louisiana

Logansport, Louisiana

Mandeville, Louisiana

Natchitoches, Louisiana

New Iberia, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana

Paulina, Louisiana

Pearl River, Louisiana

Pineville, Louisiana

Plain Dealing, Louisiana

Scott, Louisiana

Shreveport, Louisiana(2 reports)

Springfield, Louisiana

Zachary, Louisiana

Arnold, Maryland

Knoxville, Maryland

Beverly, Massachusetts

Lincoln Park, Michigan

Brandon, Mississippi

Decatur, Mississippi

Florence, Mississippi

Louisville, Mississippi

Marietta, Mississippi

Mathiston, Mississippi

Olive Branch, Mississippi

Philadelphia, Mississippi

Starkville, Mississippi

Waynesboro, Mississippi

Wiggins, Mississippi

Richmond, Missouri

Saint Robert, Missouri

Stoutland, Missouri

Beaufort, North Carolina

Dudley, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Greenville, North Carolina

Lake Toxaway, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina(2 reports)

Rowland, North Carolina

Snow Hill, North Carolina

Sunbury, North Carolina

Edmond, Oklahoma

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Pond Creek, Oklahoma

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Wagoner, Oklahoma

Conway, South Carolina

Greenville, South Carolina

Hartsville, South Carolina

Lake City, South Carolina

North Augusta, South Carolina

Prosperity, South Carolina

Sumter, South Carolina

Clarksville, Tennessee

Memphis, Tennessee

Middleton, Tennessee

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Sale Creek, Tennessee

Alvin, Texas

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas(5 reports)

Baytown, Texas

Belton, Texas

Broaddus, Texas

Bullard, Texas

Cleveland, Texas

Conroe, Texas

Corpus Christi, Texas

Dallas, Texas(3 reports)

Dayton, Texas

Dickinson, Texas

Fate, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Fresno, Texas

Gilmer, Texas

Harker Heights, Texas

Houston, Texas(3 reports)

Huntsville, Texas

Irving, Texas(3 reports)

Jasper, Texas

Lewisville, Texas

Livingston, Texas

Lubbock, Texas

Mont Belvieu, Texas

Nacogdoches, Texas

New Caney, Texas

Palestine, Texas

Port Lavaca, Texas

Port Neches, Texas

Richmond, Texas

Rosharon, Texas

Rowlett, Texas

San Antonio, Texas(2 reports)

Santa Fe, Texas

Terrell, Texas

Troup, Texas

Weatherford, Texas

Wells, Texas

West Columbia, Texas

Willis, Texas

Winnsboro, Texas

Lindon, Utah

Sandy, Utah

Cascade, Virginia

Fredericksburg, Virginia

Norfolk, Virginia

Quilcene, Washington

South Milwaukee, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 11, 2017, Ctuey from Shreveport, LA wrote:

I absolutely love this flower! I found a bunch on the side of my house a few years ago and was so happily surprised. I even planted a few in a different bed in my yard. Since that year, none have bloomed. Could anyone suggest reasons why I haven't had any more blooms for the last 2 seasons? I read that you should not mow over the foliage after the bloom, and maybe my husband did. If that's the case, will they ever bloom again? Also, the new bulbs that I planted haven't bloomed either.


On Mar 29, 2016, Super_Dave from Weatherford, TX wrote:

Bought a house in Weatherford, TX last year and these came up in October. I have three large clumps of them. Didn't know what they were and researched them. So you can add Weatherford to your list.


On Mar 8, 2016, TexasGeek from Irving, TX wrote:

I bought 100 bulbs off of ebay. a few years back and never planted them. A year after I bought them I notices green leaves coming out of a box in my office. It was the lily's I had forgotten. I could not believe they were still alive and growing. I planted the ones that survived, and they thrived. I planted about 75 in a bad spot because I rushed to get them out. They got mowed regularly and some foot traffic. I just got through transplanting them and the 75 mistreated bulbs had grown to over 175. I dont know if you can kill these things. I great to see these pop out early fall when most everything else has finished blooming.


On Oct 7, 2015, kcgarcia from Jasper, TX wrote:

You can add Jasper Texas to the list of places this plant grows.


On May 10, 2015, aejnqb from New Orleans, LA wrote:

These lived up to expectations with the flowers providing showy color late in the season when everything else is done, plus unremarkable green leaves continue through the winter here in New Orleans zone 9b. I have planted many, many bulbs over the last couple of years here, purchased from various southern ebay garden sellers, but I've so far only seen a few blooms come up -- some people say they often don't bloom the first year after being moved. But luckily they look great as a specimen plant as well as in mass -- even one alone is worth it. I mix these in with my nun's orchids and day lilies since they are on opposite schedules.


On Jan 22, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Jim Waddick of the Pacific Bulb Society grows this with winter protection in Platte County, MO, Z5b, and reports that it's fully hardy through Z6.


On Jan 4, 2014, papernpaste from Wilmington, DE wrote:

I obtained around sixty bulbs (two shovels full) from my sister in Chestertown, MD, a few years ago. I divided them and planted them in six or seven locations around my home. They do quite well in shade or 50/50 sun/shade. They do like to remain in damp soil. It takes two seasons to flower, once the bulbs are moved.
I absolutely love this one...dark red-orange-salmon petals on 12-15" stalks appear before the thin, dark foliage which remains through the winter. Then, the plant "disappears" until it signals that fall is arriving in September, flowering for two-three weeks.


On Sep 12, 2013, QuercusAlba from Beverly, MA (Zone 6b) wrote:

We had a couple of years with foliage only and no flower; but this bulb has now become established against a south-facing wall here in coastal Massachusetts. The flower spike is just breaking through the soilour fourth consecutive bloom season.


On Nov 14, 2010, Rose17 from New Port Richey, FL wrote:

My daughter married a wonderful guy from Alabama, on a recent visit there I loved these red "wildflowers". They were just popping up all over and I had never seen them before. Knowing how much I love gardening, my new son- in- law took a shovel and dug up a cluster of three flowers to take home. Well when I got home to Florida there were 53 bulbs in that one shovel of dirt!! I have them in pots and trays everywhere and everyone is sprouting. Sure hope I can keep them going down here in zone 9.


On Oct 10, 2010, shewhoplants from Tifton, GA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Here in Tifton, Georgia, these beautiful bulbs are just beginning to bloom. To me they are a beautiful time table, reminding me that fall is truly here. I look forward to seeing them show their bright red blooms every year. Without them fall isn't fall. They, to me are just as important as fall leaf colour.


On Sep 25, 2010, hnz57txn from Kaufman, TX wrote:

I rustled my original 5 bulbs from a GreatAunt in Tyler, TX. There they were growing under the shade of tall pines and in good sandy loam soil. After bringing them home and wanting to eventually transplant the bulbs to a new house when I moved, I planted them in a 8"widex24"longx6"deep window planter box. Unfortunately I never moved and they have not either, it's been at least 10 years. At last count there are 31 bulbs in this window box and currently 9 are blooming and more have shoots and will bloom soon. "Hermine" dropped so much rain it seems to have set them off and running.
Living in the window box the bulbs seem happy, and when I eventually do move they will travel along to the new house.
I have a brown thumb and can kill the hardiest of plants, but these bulbs seem to... read more


On Jan 18, 2010, wooconley from Oak Hill, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

I had this lovely bulb in central Louisiana -then we moved to Ohio (zone6). Wondering if I can plant these here if I dig the bulbs up in the fall and put them back out in the spring. Any ideas?

I didn't bring any with me when we moved 3 years ago.


On Jan 18, 2010, jerry31557 from Patterson, GA wrote:

This is one of the beatiful lilies I have ever seen. My only problems is they do not stay in bloom look enough. We have some growing on our place, and our place goes back to my wife's great, great, grandfather. It is told that my wife's great, great, grandmother planted a small handful of bulbs that was give to her by her grandmother. So now these bulbes go back 8 generations.
They are really beautiful when they spring up and bloom. From the time they spring up till the time they die back is just a week or so.
Thanks for reading.


On Jan 18, 2010, ival from Arlington, TX wrote:

Lycoris radiata is one of the most rewarding, reliable, and incredibly beautiful bulbs one can grow here in north Texas. We have several plantings in our suburban garden, some of them many years old; and they all come up every year and produce flowers, sometimes in great profusion (depends on the rainfall the previous summer). Because of the mild climate here, the winter foliage almost never frosts. No pests or diseases seem to bother them. The only problem is remembering where they are while they are dormant in the summertime, so as not to disturb them with other plantings. I've solved that problem by planting them under groundcovers. The tall bloom stalks pop up almost overnight after the first good early autumn rains and produce a dazzling display of feathery red-orange blossoms up to 6... read more


On Sep 10, 2009, CherokeeGreg from Fresno, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

The name fits this plant.(Surprise Lily) I didnot plant it I have no idea were it came from. Its a great plant. I was shocked and surprised when I saw it growing in my garden! I hope there is more that comes up.
Zone 9


On May 1, 2009, tropicalover76 from Beaufort, NC wrote:

people here in beaufort call it the hurricane plant because it only comes up when we have either tropical storms here on the coast of nc, or hurricane rains..


On Mar 28, 2007, afr from Dallas, TX wrote:

I grew up in Denison, Texas (on the Red River, border with Oklahoma), where the "spider lily," as it is commonly called there, grows in just about everyone's yard, thanks to decades of passing along the bulbs.
Similar to the comment by another contributor, children in my schools would bring in HUGE bundles (two to four dozen) of fresh cut blossoms, a favorite and charming memory of my youth.
It certainly is true, as noted by others, that one usually forgets all about the bulbs being in the ground until one day when you walk into your garden and are greeted by this most beautiful "surprise"!


On Feb 24, 2007, theemmy from Sunbury, NC wrote:

My husband and I have to move our spider lily soon. We are adding on to our house. The spider lily was his grandmother's (she is not longer with us) and it is really important for it to survive transplant. When is the best time to transplant it?

Thank you for your help.


On Sep 27, 2006, swtmdmboo from Dothan, AL wrote:

I recently moved into a new home in LA (Lower Alabama) (zone 8). 2 days ago, I was putting some scraps into my black, open bottom, compost bin and discovered a flower at the top of the bin. It seems to be a very hearty spider lily.


On Jun 25, 2006, sharronh from wauchope,
Australia wrote:

What country is this plant native too?

It is growing quite happily under the shade of tall wattles in Australia.


On Mar 4, 2006, WUVIE from Hulbert, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

I just love these beautiful plants. The bloom doesn't
last long, but while it is here, I'm so excited!

They pop up here and there, and everywhere.
Who wouldn't welcome something so nice and

Easy to grow!


On Feb 4, 2006, mamajack from Fate, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

i bought an old house and this plant was growing here when i got here. they are everywhere. they grow on top of themselves and under the iris. i have so many i am planting my entire road frontage with them. but i love them. my children take their teachers bouquets. when hundreds of these things are blooming it is truly magnificent to see.


On Dec 24, 2005, scott_lumry from Natchitoches, LA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Right now, the foliage is up all over town and soakin' in the sun.


On Oct 29, 2005, phrostyphish from Tuscaloosa, AL wrote:

To those who believe this plant is free of maintenance requirements... you're mostly correct.

This particular flower performs very well in my area, of which the soil is mostly red clay.

We had a mound of these in one corner of the yard, yet only received 3 or 4 flowers each flowering cycle. These are one of the easiest bulbs to divide... when I dug mine up, they were about the size of a plump green onion. In the past 2 years, I've divided them - some remained in their original location, and now bloom profusely. Others have also done equally as well in both shade and full sun locations of my yard.


On Jan 7, 2005, Dogzilla from Tallahassee, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is one of my all-time favorites. In this neck of the woods, we call this "Hurricane Lily" or sometimes, "Surprise Lily" for the obvious reason, judging from the other feedback here.

Typically, it blooms during peak hurricane season, often after a lot of rain is dumped on the area in a short period of time. The specimens I have bloomed during the four-hurricanes-in-one-month in 2004: right after Tallahassee got 10 inches of rain in 12 hours! After the bloom dies, the foilage pops up for a while and then dies back as summer heats up. During peak hot summer, there's no evidence or trace of this plant. Then, as hurricane/rainy season progresses, there you go!

Propagate by dividing bulbs. This is a common pass-along plant in North Florida/Southern Georgia. D... read more


On Sep 15, 2004, milly398 from Norcross, GA wrote:

I didn't purchase this flower, however to my suprise I was walking through my yard and saw this interesting bud emerging from the ground. Over the next several days I monitored it, and when I came home this evening I saw this georgeous flower!!! I immediately scooped it up and transplanted it to a prettier location (afraid the landscapers might mow it over). I then scanned the rest of my yard and noticed that on the edge of the wood there was a huge clump of these beautiful flowers. I have transplanted them all and am so excited for this wonderful find. I only hope I didn't damage them transplanting them while in bloom. Keep your fingers crossed for me!!!


On Sep 10, 2004, trois from Santa Fe, TX (Zone 9b) wrote:

A very pleasant surprise this morning. Yesterday no signs of a flower were showing. We didn't know it was there. A very beautiful plant.


On Oct 12, 2003, NanaH80 wrote:

This plant has been spotted in Arkansas. My neighbor has some growing in her yard and they are extremely beautiful. I hope to soon aquire some bulbs.


On Oct 8, 2003, TulsaLady from Talala, OK (Zone 6b) wrote:

I found this plant close to my greenhouse but I've never bought or obtained a Spider Lily, nor do I own any types of lilies right now.

It's a beautiful plant. I live in zone 6b and it bloomed in mid-September and was very showy. I will transplant it to a nicer location so I can see it more.


On Sep 27, 2003, CDauphinet from New Iberia, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Once you put the bulbs in the ground, you can actually forget about them! Their blooming time is not long - 2 to 3 weeks at the most.

The red ones grow wild here - you can find them in ditches, in the middle of yards, etc. I recently found yellow Spider Lilies (Lycoris chinensis) and they are lovely with the red Spider Lilies.


On Apr 19, 2003, jdndj from Greenville, SC wrote:

This plant is very easy to keep and virtually no mantainance needed. The bulbs divide so I have several plants now. They are hardy plants and can take transplanting with no probelms. I highly recommend it for any garden.


On Aug 8, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Lovely addition to any landscape. The small, narrow strap-like blue-green leaves die away in early spring. Then seemingly out of nowhere in August, the 15" tall spikes emerge from underground, topped with a deciduous azalea-like flower of bright red. After the flowers fade, the leaves emerge again and persist until spring, producing food for next year's flowering