Alstroemeria Species, Golden Lily-of-the-Incas, Peruvian Lily

Alstroemeria aurea

Family: Alstroemeriaceae
Genus: Alstroemeria (al-stre-MEE-ree-uh) (Info)
Species: aurea (AW-re-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Alstroemeria aurantiaca
Synonym:Alstroemeria chiloensis
Synonym:Alstroemeria concolor
Synonym:Alstroemeria mutabilis
Synonym:Alstroemeria peruviana



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:




24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:



Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Aptos, California

Bakersfield, California

Day Valley, California

El Cajon, California

Eureka, California

Fallbrook, California(5 reports)

Felton, California


Granite Hills, California

Harbison Canyon, California

Highland, California

Livermore, California

Manhattan Beach, California

Merced, California

Monterey, California

Pacific Grove, California

Rancho San Diego, California

Richmond, California

Rio del Mar, California

San Diego, California

San Francisco, California

Simi Valley, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Lake City, Florida

Miami, Florida

Vero Beach, Florida

Lexington, Kentucky

White Lake, Michigan

Florence, Mississippi

Brooklyn, New York

Bolivia, North Carolina

Portland, Oregon

Salem, Oregon

Saint Helena Island, South Carolina

Sumter, South Carolina

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Crockett, Texas

New Braunfels, Texas

Tomball, Texas

Kalama, Washington

Olympia, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 1, 2017, Larry1940 from Portland, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

As attractive as it is, here in W. Oregon I would treat it as an invasive; It spreads rapidly and crowded out many of my other plantings.


On Oct 5, 2012, RosinaBloom from Waihi,
New Zealand (Zone 1) wrote:

The Golden 'Lily of the Incas' - Peruvian Lily - is a genus of about 60 species of South American perennials belonging to the Amaryllis family, many of which hail from that country.
They produce an underground cluster of swollen roots which can be left undisturbed for years, and which contain reserves of moisture in drought conditions.
As I have found, these South American beauties bloom in many colours for eight months of the year, bringing much colour to my garden.
Even more value is added to their species as cut flowers.
They seem more at home in semi-shade.


On Mar 5, 2012, otter47 from Livermore, CA wrote:

Alstroemerias do exceptionally well in much of California, which is to be expected since in so many ways the climate of my state mirrors the climate in their native Chile. I prefer the newer low-growing hybrids to the older taller strains (Dr. Salter and Ligtu hybrids) that become deciduous after flowering. I have sometime forgotten where I planted some of my alstroemerias but they always come back in the winter rainy season. About the only problem I have are occasional snail and slug attacks. The newer hybrids have a long blooming period and are available in many colors.


On Mar 5, 2012, lollypopgarden from Monterey, CA wrote:

This plant grows well in Monterey, CA. I have the basic colors and also red, purple and a "dwarf" pink. They seem to bloom almost all year long. I do keep the spent stems pulled completely out of the ground. It keeps the plant looking good and probably growing better.

A lot of sharing goes on with this plant.


On Feb 3, 2010, juja from Lake City, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

Have been growing this plant for a few years now, but this past year with the long extended (13 days) of continuous cold temps found that an established plant in the ground could survive very well. I had covered with a large container and mulched around base real well. After the cold weather, uncovered and no cold damage at all. The plants are located in a plant bed area in front of an outside garden storage shed. Have purchased seeds and am going to attempt growing them from seed this year to get more colors. This plant is not found in very many nursery's around my area and really needs to be.


On Mar 3, 2006, sterhill from Atlanta, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

I love this flower! It cannot take too much afternoon sun here in Atlanta. It will grow in full sun but the leaves look bleached and burned. When I moved it into an area that has afternoon shade, it flourished and grew big.

Also I divided it when I moved it and now have 6 or 8 big patches. You really can't get all of the roots so when you move it, some will get left behind. Think of that area as your alstroemeria nursery. Friends always want some.

Cutting flowers: cut the stalk all the way to the ground. It will not make another flower and will die back anyway.


On Dec 11, 2004, Ursula from Santiago,
Chile (Zone 9b) wrote:

This Alstroemeria is native to the southern cone of South America (Chile and Argentina).

Alstroemeria aurea loves full sun to part shade and nutrient rich well drained soil. It is recommended to fertilize once a year (during Autumn, when the plant has lost its foliage) with manure.

Propagation from seeds: stratified sowing during Autumn, in a mix of three portions of compost and one portion of river sand. Transplant into individual bags/pots once the plantils have reached some 5 cm (2"), handling very carefully the extremely brittle rhizom & fleshy roots.

They can also be sowed directly in Spring, in previously prepared soil.

On occasions plants grown from seeds will bloom during the first year, but they usually do so during the ... read more


On Dec 19, 2002, waussie from Albany WA,
Australia wrote:

Great 'cut flower' pulling the flower stem is recommended by some authorities.

To collect seed allow pods to dry, test by holding them, if they are ripe they spring open.


On Jul 12, 2002, Baa wrote:

Tuberous perennial plant from Chile.

Has lance shaped, mid- greyish green, smooth leaves. Bears umbels of bright orange or yellow flowers with streaked tepals.

Flowers June-August

Likes a well drained but moist, fertile soil in full sun or partial shade.

Dislikes too much disturbance so leave it be to form good sized clumps before dividing. In places where they are happy they can become a little invasive. Not very hardy, may survive short periods as low as 7F but not much more.

Sow seeds in pots in Autumn and place in a cold frame. Sow sparingly as the seedling tuber is very delicate and easy to break. Best to plant them out straight from the pot without pricking on. Winter mulch the young plants for the first ... read more


On Oct 10, 2001, Joy from Kalama, WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Peruvian lilies can be grown in colder climates if planted 6 to 8 inches deep and mulch well.