Xanthosoma Species, American Taro, Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Golden Yautia

Xanthosoma sagittifolium

Family: Araceae (a-RAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Xanthosoma (zan-tho-SO-muh) (Info)
Species: sagittifolium (sag-it-ee-FOH-lee-um) (Info)
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:



10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Pale Green

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama

Auburn, Alabama

Daphne, Alabama

Phoenix, Arizona

Garden Grove, California

Orange, Connecticut

Brandon, Florida(2 reports)

Brooksville, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida

Clearwater, Florida

Deltona, Florida

Dunnellon, Florida(2 reports)

Inverness, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Loxahatchee, Florida

Miami, Florida

North Fort Myers, Florida

Ocala, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Rockledge, Florida

Sebring, Florida

Seffner, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Titusville, Florida

Winter Haven, Florida

Dallas, Georgia

Hawkinsville, Georgia

Hinesville, Georgia

Lahaina, Hawaii

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Kansas City, Missouri

North Las Vegas, Nevada

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Emerald Isle, North Carolina

Huntersville, North Carolina

Cincinnati, Ohio

Stilwell, Oklahoma

Vieques, Puerto Rico

Conway, South Carolina

Lexington, South Carolina

Austin, Texas

Grand Prairie, Texas

Houston, Texas

Humble, Texas

Richmond, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 2, 2012, fla1garden from Mango, FL wrote:

Made a very good cake using this root as a flower substitute it was enjoyed by our Rare fruit club at a monthly luncheon. flagarden


On Mar 29, 2010, stevesivek from Seabrook, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:


On Jun 19, 2006, vcb1 from Melbourne Beach, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

This plant is on the Category II list of invasive exotics put out by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.


On Apr 5, 2004, Baa wrote:

This plant is commercially grown for human consumption in some parts of the world. However, it MUST (with no exception) be cooked correctly prior to eating. If any part is eaten raw it will cause SEVERE IRRITATION of the mouth and throat. The sap can also cause dermatitis.



On Nov 29, 2003, amorning1 from Islamorada, FL wrote:

You can chop up a bulb into 10 pieces and each piece will start a new plant. Does not like wind. Dappled shade/sun works best. Extremely fast growing...can spit out a big new leaf within 3 days. Can tolerate full sun if well established and watered often. I've seen 'em growing in water, not planted or nothing, just floating along...making baby plants as they go.


On Aug 27, 2003, aking1a from Baton Rouge, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Most resources suggest shade to part shade. My best success is to plant in an area receiving 6 hours morning sun and bright afternoon shade. Rich, well drained, moist soil.


On Aug 18, 2003, xyris from Sebring, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Grows like crazy in wet areas in central Florida. The size of the leaves is somewhat dependent on the size of the rhizome or tuber planted. I moved some that weighed about 50 pounds each and immediately got 4 foot leaves on 4 foot petioles. It will grow in standing water quite successfully - my best ones are in a drainage ditch that has had water all summer long.

However, it can be invasive - so don't discard rhizomes or tubers at the edges of natural wetlands in Florida or you could create a problem.


On Oct 9, 2002, Michaelp from Piney Flats, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

This grows well in Florida/ needs rich wet soil to produce a good crop of tubers-Mine grow well and are nice looking they do well in areas too wet for most things, [but not in standing water]. Be careful of your variety identification, --this looks like lots of other "non-edible" Xanth varieties ,when just looking at the folliage, the rest of the plant must be looked at before you determine that it is an edible variety, --to be sure to grow an edible variety buy some Malanga tubers from the market and plant some.