Bougainvillea Species, Paper Flower, Lesser Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea glabra

Family: Nyctaginaceae (nyk-taj-i-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Bougainvillea (boo-gan-VIL-lee-uh) (Info)
Species: glabra (GLAY-bruh) (Info)
Synonym:Bougainvillea brachycarpa
Synonym:Bougainvillea rubicunda



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Vines and Climbers

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Magenta (Pink-Purple)




Bloom Time:

Blooms repeatedly


Grown for foliage


Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Montgomery, Alabama

Tucson, Arizona

Elk Grove, California

Manhattan Beach, California

Sacramento, California

San Diego, California (2 reports)

Torrance, California

Bartow, Florida

Big Pine Key, Florida

Bradley, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida

Lutz, Florida

Maitland, Florida

Ocala, Florida

Ocoee, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Saint Augustine, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Honomu, Hawaii

Kealakekua, Hawaii

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Lafayette, Louisiana

Ocean Springs, Mississippi

Harlingen, Texas

Kyle, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Nov 14, 2009, stephenp from Wirral, UK, Zone 9a,
United Kingdom (Zone 9a) wrote:

In the UK, this plant is not hardy anywhere but is grown in central London outside, and even in zone 9a I have managed to keep it alive over two winters in a sheltered spot outside. The usefulness of this is that it doesn't become invasive like in other areas which have summer heat.

It does however produce a great display from March-December, and although in winter it becomes sometimes semi-deciduous, it comes back fast.

My particular plant has taken -2C in its sheltered corner.


On Jan 12, 2007, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Paper Flower, Lesser Bougainvillea Bougainvillea glabra is Naturalized in Texas and other States.


On May 1, 2005, artcons from Fort Lauderdale, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:

I have many varieties of Bougainvillea and love them all. I have my North side border fence lined with nine varieties all of a different leaf or bract color. I find these plants very easy to train and shape. They grow well in containers or out in the yard. They can be trained as a small bush, a tall bush, and even into decorative and colorful arches.


On Jun 11, 2004, WalterT from San Diego, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Here in Southern California this plant will cover a whole house in a few years if you let it! The colors of the "flowers" are brilliant and it is spectacular to see a long fence with 4 or 5 different colors alternating along it. The spines are long, hard and sharp, so be careful...
Take it easy on the water. It is surprising how little the plant needs once established. WTH.


On Jun 10, 2004, marshtackie from Orlando, FL wrote:

The ones I grow in pots bloom much better than the ones in the open ground. That's because my predecessors here planted them stupidly. They get too much shade from the eaves and they're too close to the lawn, so they spend all their time sending out their roots to steal nitrogen from the lawn and making lots of green leaves and few bracts. Someone across the street had a magnificent bougainvillea, unobstructed southern exposure and against a white wall. And cut it down, can you believe it???

They will freeze in a hard winter, but they come back. The potted ones have to be hauled inside. They are not bug-prone. One orange or gold one I had (Tahitian gold? California gold?) regularly sported back to scarlet, either part of a bract or an entire one.

Someone comm... read more


On Feb 17, 2003, sidchu wrote:

I would like to add that it requires a soil mixture of a ph level of 6.5. Thank You.


On Nov 12, 2001, Floridian from Lutz, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Bougainvillea is a thorny vine, up to 20 feet long. It can be grown as an evergreen shrub and will bloom year around in frost free locations. A frost will kill most of the branches, but the plant should grow back rapidly from the roots. The bougainvillea root system is extremely fragile. The plant doesn't like to be moved. Take extra caution when removing the plant from the pot before placing it in the ground. The flowers are small and white. There are three flowers inside each colorful bracht. Once established, plants are drought resistant. Propogate by cuttings from mid-winter to early spring, keep soil mixture moist. Bottom heat may help. Most bougainvillea sold today are hybrids between B glabra and B spectabalis.