Matthiola Species, Annual Stock, Night-Scented Stock, Perfume Plant

Matthiola longipetala

Family: Brassicaceae (brass-ih-KAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Matthiola (ma-the-OH-luh) (Info)
Species: longipetala (lon-jee-PET-uh-luh) (Info)
Synonym:Matthiola aspera
Synonym:Matthiola kralikii



Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)

6-12 in. (15-30 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


Not Applicable

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink


Magenta (pink-purple)

Medium Purple


White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Late Fall/Early Winter

Mid Winter

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Rimrock, Arizona

Carlsbad, California

Elk Grove, California

Payette, Idaho

Aurora, Illinois

Farmersburg, Indiana

Newton Upper Falls, Massachusetts

Saint Cloud, Minnesota

Lees Summit, Missouri

Keyport, New Jersey

Crown Point, New York

Bass River, Nova Scotia

Columbus, Ohio

Felicity, Ohio

Oakland, Oregon

Portland, Oregon

Salt Lake City, Utah

Stafford, Virginia

Seattle, Washington

Bertschikon bei Attikon, Zurich

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 20, 2021, puremagick2014 from Darwin,
Australia (Zone 12b) wrote:

Thought I'd try this annual out here in Tropical Darwin and surprisingly it has done extremely well...I sowed in the wet season and the seedlings took off. Now it's very late wet/early dry, they are just about ready to flower. Very pleased with outcome. If it can grow here in a tropical climate, it will grow anywhere.


On Apr 6, 2019, BeetleBeth from Graham, WA wrote:


July 23rd

I am so happy with these plants now. I had to replant several times. A lot of them didn't make it, but that could be from several factors (my parents are growing their first garden, and they don't really know what they're doing so pests run amuck; the soil i'm planting in isn't amended well for stock plants)

They really smell like perfume! It's awesome. You may have to plant alot of the smell to waft through the air, I have to bend down to smell them, so they may be better in pots near the door.

They bloom a little before night, so there's time to smell them before it gets creepy outside. I was upset at first because I couldn't smell anything, but it turns out you have to wait till they've opened and closed a co... read more


On Jan 28, 2015, JaniceRaeSedona from Rimrock, AZ (Zone 7a) wrote:

~ Easily replants itself !
~ If you would like seeds...send me a SASE I'll send as they are available. Janice Goff, POB 5653, Lake Montezuma, AZ 86342
~ We LOVE this plant ~ we are high desert and don't plant grass yards that have to be watered. We water what we can eat or use.
~ This plant thrives on it's on with ground moisture from what ever is there.
~ Great for xeriscaping !
~ Bee's Love it as well as other pollinators


On Sep 30, 2011, Tropicalnikko from Brisbane bayside,
Australia (Zone 11) wrote:

I will be sowing some of these this coming winter (as it's to hot here in the tropics for most annuals in summer) and I'll let u guys know how it goes


On May 14, 2010, KateintheDesert from Willcox, AZ (Zone 8a) wrote:

I planted Scented Stock in a pot about 4 years ago. It has given me blooms every year since, and without buying new seeds. I live in southern Arizona in high desert area. This year I had enough plants in the pot to transplant some into other pots. I have it near our lounge chairs on the front porch, where it's fragrance can be enjoyed. I make sure to let the flowers dry so it will form seeds for the next year, and it does, faithfully.


On Feb 10, 2010, Valeriedisere from Massieu,
France wrote:

I planted seeds for this plant for the first time last June and they have enthralled me all summer with their perfume, it is sublime. Although the flowers themselves are not very large and they can tend to become a little leggy, I should imagine that if they were planted with another fuller bodied plant they would look much better. I was really impatient to collect the seeds and it wasn't until 6 weeks ago (end of December 2009) that I was able to collect them once they had dried on the plants. I can't wait to sow them again this year, I will even try to get them in the ground earlier, in order to prolong their season and enjoy their perfume for longer.


On Jan 17, 2008, fburg696 from Farmersburg, IN wrote:

This is definitely one of those plants that once you grow it you will never want to go another summer without it. The scent is like vanilla cloves and its very strong.I really enjoy this little plant, its not very visually stunning but when the sun goes down you will know why you grow it! Great plant, does very well in my garden. One of my favorites; if you haven't grown it and decide to it will soon become one of your favorites also.


On Mar 11, 2005, spklatt from Ottawa, ON (Zone 5a) wrote:

I love these plants! They don't look that exciting during the day - rather unkempt - but come evening, the little flowers open and the most wonderful cocoa-butter scent wafts across your yard.

They also self-seeded quite readily in my yard - but if they didn't I would buy them every spring anyway, because they smell great.


On Feb 28, 2005, saya from Heerlen,
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

Amazing tiny ...and such a great scent ! This is absolutly one of my favourites. I sow these in could easily mistaken it for a weed during daytime. In the evening little flower, only as big as a drop of rain, will perfume your whole garden..


On Apr 23, 2004, mrmcoy from Seattle, WA wrote:

This is a great plant-an old favorite of mine-it is a little, frail weedy thing in the daytime-but the flowers lift their heads when the sun sets and just put out this delicious fragrance. Some plants seem to be MUCH more fragrant than others-and soil chemistry may have something to do with this. I'm not sure but I think that they are also much more fragrant in positions where they aren't too inundated with fertilizer and tending - like an edible herb they like to suffer a bit! It makes them more intense. someplace a bit dry that you dont fertilize alot

I have occasionally sown them in containers with other more decorative plants-thinking that I would 'borrow' their fragrance that usually doesn't work, as they either die from to much care, or just don't smell all ... read more


On Nov 29, 2001, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

Not the showiest flower but worth adding to the garden for the wonderful evening fragrance. Plants grow up to 2 feet tall with pale lilac or white flowers that open in the evening to release their perfume.