Dracocephalum Species, Dragon's Head, Moldavian Balm, Moldavian Dragonhead

Dracocephalum moldavica

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Dracocephalum (dray-koh-SEF-uh-lum) (Info)
Species: moldavica (mol-DAV-ee-kuh) (Info)



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


Not Applicable

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Dark Blue

Medium Purple

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Kiowa, Colorado

Ellicott City, Maryland

Saint Joseph, Missouri

Greene, New York

Leesburg, Virginia

Green Bay, Wisconsin

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 23, 2015, Ted_B from Birmingham, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

This easily cultivated herb germinates readily and flowers willingly in a sunny position with adequate moisture in well drained soil. The lemony scent of the plant is stronger when cultivated in drier, poorer soils, but this plant can become a bit heat stressed when subjected to warm summers. This is an annual that flowers eagerly, and reseeds itself effectively, with volunteer seedlings emerging almost immediately.


On Jan 21, 2013, Shirrush from Ramat Gan,
Israel wrote:

When I visited Paris' Jardin des Plantes last October, a few seeds of Dracocephalum moldavica stuck to my fingers and found their way into my coat pocket. Most of them germinated readily in less than a week (the pocket lint didn't). They have since grown to a height of 20 cm., but those I had replanted in the Community Garden were immediately set upon by Molluscs and destroyed. Since I was left with too few plants in a container on my balcony, I took a pair of cuttings today. Do these have any chance of taking root?
I made a cup of tea with some Long Jin and the trimmings from these cuttings, and it tasted really nice, so I really want to have this First-in-Israel-After-2000-Years-of-Exile seed harvest, in order to be able to upscale the "Harry Potter Mint" operation in the next ye... read more


On Jan 30, 2007, bluespiral from (Zone 7a) wrote:

Germination details - Sow at 70*F, germinates within 4 - 7 days.

See my comment in Gentiana septemfida that gives Rob's technique for his baggy method.


On Jan 9, 2005, seedsaverWI from Green Bay, WI (Zone 4b) wrote:

I planted this for the first time in 2004. direct-sow into soil was successful. Flowers are small, but if you look close you can tell why it is called "dragon's head". Harvested seeds in fall frombrowning plants, simply stripped the stems, and sifted out the seeds. Foliage has wonderful lemon scent. I plan to keep this one in my yard.


On Nov 21, 2001, Baa wrote:

Variable little annual from Central Europe as far east as China and as far north as Siberia.

Has lance like or ovate-triangular, toothed, slightly greyish, scented leaves. Bears hooded, blue or purple flowers which attract many bees.

Flowers June-August

Likes a well drained, fertile soil in sun.

Personal Experience

This little fellow has been growing in my garden for 5 years, a friend sent the ancestor to me. Slugs and ducks have devastated its growth and very often I'm left with a single stem, 3 leaves and 2-3 flowers all reaching about 3 inches high.

Despite its many hardships each year its always produces several seed and re-sows itself in the same pot to continue what now appears to be its fam... read more