Olea Species, Common Olive, European Olive, Olive Tree

Olea europaea

Family: Oleaceae (oh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Olea (OH-lee-a) (Info)
Species: europaea (yoo-ROH-pay-a) (Info)
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Lincoln, (258 reports)

Hereford, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Canoga Park, California

Greenbrae, California

La Jolla, California

Mill Valley, California

Newberry Springs, California

Oxnard, California

Pasadena, California

Stockton, California

Travis Afb, California

Mango, Florida

Henderson, Nevada

Las Vegas, Nevada

Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes

Austin, Texas

Liberty, Texas

Rockport, Texas

Seattle, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 7, 2014, cubas from milan,
Italy wrote:

hi,this plant growing well, also in north italy ,(usda 8) classical continental climate, with cold winter, hot summer and humidity.
no problem with frozen(-10 celsius).heavy snow(pesantly) can broken branch in little plants .removed snow with a broom.The species more resistant of olea. europeae is ' ghiacciola' ( popside-ice lolly) ,need frozen to make fruits. bye, and excuse my english.


On Feb 3, 2007, flaxss from kristinastad,
Sweden wrote:

i got two Olive Tree here in south sweden , and they thrive here , in winter they get protection , they have seen -15c -13c ( 8,6F 5F ) with only snow as protection . they drop some of there leafs but they regrowe well and recover well in spring . hardy against snow,hail,frost,storms,drought etc.
give water in summer and they will grow well , frost simulate the plant to blossom well


On Oct 5, 2004, philomel from Castelnau RB Pyrenes,
France (Zone 8a) wrote:

It appears that these plants are more tender when young and harden to frost with age. We have two trees growing on a south facing slope here in SW France. We are not in the right area to have a Mediterranean climate, but they have survived a hard frost that cut all the Acacia dealbata to the ground. I don't know the details as this was before we were living here.


On May 11, 2004, timplatts from vancouver, BC (Zone 8a) wrote:

We've had one of these growing well in a terracotta pot in our Vancouver, BC (Zone 8) garden for three years. This past winter is survived a week long freeze with temperatures down to -13C. and is now growing well. There is a farm on Pender Island between the BC mainland and Vancouver Island that has a large number of olives but at this point the trees are not mature enough to fruit. The main danger in our climate is exessive winter moisture, but I have read they are hardy to 10F.


On Dec 3, 2001, dpmichael from Rethymno, Crete,
Greece (Zone 10b) wrote:

Densely cultivated since ancient times around the Mediterranean, olive trees still form a basic part of the the landscape, provide the superb oil, give peace for prayer and firewood for the winter. They yield from their 4th year, and they produce a lot even after 5 - 6 centuries.
There are many varieties, and they differ in terms of water needed - light required etc. It is to my surprise, that ancient trees (like the one in the photo) will produce many very tasty olives if pruned, fertilised and watered. THe plants that are more than 5 - 6 years old will survive a very long dry summer without water, but will produce more and grow bigger if watered, of course.
Nowadays olive trees are propagated with cuttings only. The old locals in Crete believe that seed propagation will res... read more