Viburnum Species, Blackhaw Viburnum, Smooth Blackhaw, Stag Bush, Stagberry, Sweet Haw

Viburnum prunifolium

Family: Adoxaceae (a-dox-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viburnum (vy-BUR-num) (Info)
Species: prunifolium (proo-ni-FOH-lee-um) (Info)
Synonym:Viburnum bushii
Synonym:Viburnum ferrugineum
Synonym:Viburnum prunifolium var. bushii




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Hinsdale, Illinois

Avon, Indiana

Fort Wayne, Indiana

Pacific Junction, Iowa

Princeton, Kansas

Clermont, Kentucky

Georgetown, Kentucky

Lexington, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Nicholasville, Kentucky

Valley Lee, Maryland

Madison, Mississippi

Frenchtown, New Jersey

Elba, New York

Hendersonville, North Carolina

Highlands, North Carolina

Springboro, Ohio

Allentown, Pennsylvania

Levittown, Pennsylvania

Morrisville, Pennsylvania

West Chester, Pennsylvania

Belton, Texas

Middleburg, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 6, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

It is a handsome small, shrubby tree that I have seen wild in the woodlands of southeast PA in some spots in part shade .It has handsome shiny foliage of rounded leaves that usually color good in autumn, usually red. It forms a wide habit with stiff branching that has some sharp woody spurs; thus, often called Blackhaw, sort of like a hawthorn. It bears typical flattish white clusters of viburnum flowers in May that bear black fruit in late summer into winter that is loved by birds and is edible for humans. It is sold by a good number of large nurseries or native nurseries, but it is only planted occasionally, mostly by landscape architects and designers, as the general public does not know this tree. It grows about 1.5 to 2.5 feet/year and lives about 50 to 100 years. Nannyberry Viburnum... read more


On Jan 27, 2002, Copperbaron from Vicksburg, MS (Zone 8a) wrote:

Native from Connecticut down to Florida and west to Texas, this medium sized (15' tall, 8'-12' wide) deciduous shrub has a rounded crown with stiff branches that can be trained as a small tree. The common name comes from the dark fruit and the plant's resemblance to hawthorn. Flat topped clusters of white flowers to 4" across are showy in spring followed by blue-black, edible fruit that start out pink and mature to black and reddish purple foliage in the fall.

This is very easy to grow in full sun to partial shade, is easily transplanted, and easily adapts to different soils. It can be used as a screen, a specimen, in mass plantings, and to attract birds. It has no serious insect or disease problems. If you have read the other viburnum descriptions, you may be starting ... read more