Viola, Garden Pansy, Pansy 'Mixed Hybrids'

Viola x wittrockiana

Family: Violaceae (vy-oh-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viola (vy-OH-la) (Info)
Species: x wittrockiana (wit-rok-ee-AH-na) (Info)
Cultivar: Mixed Hybrids
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Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)

6-12 in. (15-30 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual



Bloom Color:

Scarlet (dark red)


Pale Yellow

Light Blue

Medium Purple

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

Flowers are good for drying and preserving

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Blooms repeatedly

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

By stooling or mound layering

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Fairhope, Alabama

El Sobrante, California

Elk Grove, California

Murrieta, California

Keystone Heights, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia

Brunswick, Georgia

Buford, Georgia

Westchester, Illinois

Gretna, Louisiana

Crofton, Maryland

Rockville, Maryland

Boston, Massachusetts

Eastpointe, Michigan

Harper Woods, Michigan

Mason, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Blue Springs, Missouri

Franklin, New Hampshire

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Cicero, New York

Charlotte, North Carolina

Wake Forest, North Carolina

Williamsburg, Ohio

Tulsa, Oklahoma

North Bend, Oregon

White City, Oregon

Vandergrift, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Inman, South Carolina

Leesville, South Carolina

Lafayette, Tennessee

Deer Park, Texas

El Paso, Texas

Flower Mound, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Houston, Texas

Mc Kinney, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Manassas, Virginia

Kalama, Washington

Olympia, Washington

Tacoma, Washington

Liberty, West Virginia

Ellsworth, Wisconsin

Gleason, Wisconsin

Green Bay, Wisconsin

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 15, 2006, AngelaGC from Fort Worth, TX wrote:

Plant these guys as soon as the weather here in Texas starts to cool in October and you will have flowers throughout the winter. The only reason you pull them out of the garden is to replace them with your spring/summer annuals.


On Jan 5, 2004, VeganGurl20 from Tulsa, OK wrote:

These flowers are everywhere here in Oklahoma in the winter time. They are beautiful, easy to keep, and add some refreshing color in the midst of winter.


On Nov 12, 2003, noxiousweed from El Sobrante, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

Pansies are a cool weather plant here, but many of mine muddle through the summer. As fond of the pansy as I am, I have decided not to collect and sow seeds from them anymore ... they take too long to bloom, germination isn't that great, and survival rate of my seedlings is even worse.

I will continue to welcome them into my garden - as volunteers, or purchased in 6-packs!


On May 29, 2002, Baa wrote:

The Pansy is a result of cross breeding between various Viola species.

Evergreen perennials which are usually grown as annuals and biennials they give rise to a number of colours, cultivars and sizes.

Has mid-dark green, lobed leaves. Bears large (2-4inch across) flowers with overlapping petals and short spurs. Some have a faint scent.

Main flowering is May-September but some cultivars have been bred to flower (if sown early enough) during winter and Spring, there are few months you cannot find a Pansy in flower in England! The Winter and Spring flowering cultivars tend to have smaller flowers than the Summer bloomers. To keep them flowering, dead head the old flowers or they will put all their effort into producing seeds.

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