Aesculus Species, Bottlebrush Buckeye

Aesculus parviflora

Family: Sapindaceae (sap-in-DAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Aesculus (ES-kew-lus) (Info)
Species: parviflora (par-VEE-flor-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Aesculus glabra var. arguta
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Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Seed is poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

By serpentine layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Clanton, Alabama

Opelika, Alabama

Vincent, Alabama

Maumelle, Arkansas

Pensacola, Florida

Cordele, Georgia

Macon, Georgia

Marietta, Georgia

Peoria, Illinois

Princeton, Illinois

Springfield, Illinois

Winnetka, Illinois

South Bend, Indiana(2 reports)

Terre Haute, Indiana

Valparaiso, Indiana

Clermont, Kentucky

Georgetown, Kentucky

Lexington, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Nicholasville, Kentucky

Prospect, Kentucky

Accokeek, Maryland

Baltimore, Maryland

Eastham, Massachusetts

Millis, Massachusetts

Cedarville, Michigan

Fenton, Missouri

High Ridge, Missouri

Fleischmanns, New York

Pound Ridge, New York

Sag Harbor, New York

Cary, North Carolina

Wake Forest, North Carolina

Dublin, Ohio

Concordville, Pennsylvania

Glenshaw, Pennsylvania

West Chester, Pennsylvania

Florence, South Carolina

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Chattanooga, Tennessee

Clarksville, Tennessee

Memphis, Tennessee

Leesburg, Virginia

Lexington, Virginia

Cambridge, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 4, 2016, bezadek from Baltimore, MD wrote:

This fall I put 6 seeds in a ziplock bag and threw them in the fridge. I looked today and 3 have sprouted! Into the dirt they go. I'll let you know how they do.


On Dec 2, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

The easiest way to propagate it is to pull up a sucker and replant elsewhere.


On Jul 22, 2013, jamie_A from High Ridge, MO wrote:

I love this plant! I am trying to propagate via seed and not sure if I wait till fall and the seeds are dry or do it now in pots? one other site said don't let them dry out?
can you guys help me out?


On May 17, 2013, plant_it from Valparaiso, IN wrote:

Flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Rarely eaten by deer. Squirrels and chipmunks love the protein-rich nuts that ripen in the fall.

Bottlebrush buckeye thrives in light shade, but it also does well in full sun as long as it is well mulched and plenty of moisture is provided. In heavy shade the summer blooms will probably be a little scantier, but the bright yellow fall color will not be diminished. Likes average, medium, well-drained soils. Prefers rich, moist loams. Intolerant of dry soils, particularly in the early years before its root system becomes well established. Pruning is usually unnecessary. Native to rich woodland areas in Alabama, Georgia and northern Florida. It is winter hardy throughout USDA Zone 5.

Mid-summer bloom can be spectacu... read more


On Mar 24, 2013, joraines from Inman, SC wrote:

Saw a huge specimen on the grounds of the Highlands Inn in Highlands, North Carolina last year. It was magnificent--at least 15' wide and nearly that tall. I intend to order it to go under some trees in a large opening down along our creek this year.


On Jul 10, 2010, lshields from Sag Harbor, NY wrote:

Grows very well in deep shade. I have a number lining a shaded driveway and they're interesting to watch throughout the whole summer. Deer will eat them during winter so I have them in wire mesh that arent' seen during summer due to foliage. Deer prune them back naturally during winter. An acceptable arrangement.

Water heavily during flowering for maximum spikelets.


On Apr 10, 2010, braun06 from Irving, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

It can take 2 years for seeds to germinate if you grow them the old fashioned way. You have to be patient and watch the ground in spring.


On Apr 15, 2007, ViburnumValley from Scott County, KY (Zone 5b) wrote:

Bottlebrush buckeye should be in every landscape in which it fits. It is a large shrub (10'+ high in time, and half again as wide) but incredibly rewarding for the wondrous numbers of flowers on every terminal in June (in KY). You can extend this flowering season further by planting Aesculus parviflora var. serotina and its clones.

The pollinating and nectar-gathering insects just go hog wild. Walking by the plants here (see pictures) is amazing; the air literally hums with bug activity. They pay no attention to humans, as they have struck gold.

Come fall, there are plenty of seed to be gathered from which to easily grow new young bottlebrush buckeyes. The fall color is a glowing gold. Winter provides respite with the slender open gray stems, suitable fo... read more


On Jul 24, 2005, Davidsan from Springfield, IL (Zone 6a) wrote:

This is a rally NEAT plant...and easy to grow...I bought my first one about 8-10 years ago ...a 40 twig ..., But now it's 10x10 (i haven't trimmed much can be kept much smaller. I have grown several others from seeds and they seem to be JUST LIKE the mother plant..... they take about 2-3 years from "twig" to bloom but it's worth it. Anyone wanting to trade seedlings let me know... i'll stick a few buckeyes in pots and vala next spring they be good to go zone 5b


On Jun 3, 2005, sanity101 from Dublin, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Very easy going plant, with a nice tall habit and impressive flowers. It is thriving in a good deal of shade, with fairly limited water very recently after planting.

It has an arched habit which facilitates placing smaller plants beneath it.

Highly recomended.


On Oct 12, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Bottlebrush buckeyes are usually disease-free.

Seed needs to be collected in fall before drying. The capsules can only be allowed to dry a little bit without losing seed viability. Usually, only one seed will be viable per capsule anyway. After the husks are removed, the seeds should be stratified in moist sand for about 2 months.

Bottlebrush buckeyes can also be propagated by root cuttings taken in autumn.


On Aug 31, 2002, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

As a summer blooming shrub which also thrives in the shade, this is a welcome addition to almost any landscape. Virtually trouble-free, slow growing but eventually can reach up to 15' high and across.