Geranium Species, Cranesbill, Spotted Geranium, Wild Geranium, Wood Geranium

Geranium maculatum

Family: Geraniaceae (jer-ay-nee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Geranium (jer-AY-nee-um) (Info)
Species: maculatum (mak-yuh-LAH-tum) (Info)
» View all varieties of Hardy Geraniums
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Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

Pale Pink




Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Houston, Alabama

Vandiver, Alabama

Morrilton, Arkansas

CARLOTTA, California

Black Hawk, Colorado

Amston, Connecticut

Washington, Connecticut

Barnesville, Georgia

Urbana, Illinois

Geneva, Indiana

Hobart, Indiana

Macy, Indiana

Warren, Indiana

Waterloo, Iowa

Yale, Iowa

Shawnee Mission, Kansas

Louisville, Kentucky

Jay, Maine

Pownal, Maine

Cumberland, Maryland

Jefferson, Maryland

Oakland, Maryland

Takoma Park, Maryland

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Erie, Michigan

Midland, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Royal Oak, Michigan

Saginaw, Michigan

Sanford, Michigan

Braham, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Elsberry, Missouri

Piedmont, Missouri

Greenville, New Hampshire

Lancaster, New Hampshire

Chester, New Jersey

Metuchen, New Jersey

Neptune, New Jersey

Addison, New York

Greene, New York(2 reports)

Nineveh, New York

Syracuse, New York

Tonawanda, New York

Yorktown Heights, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina(2 reports)

Belfield, North Dakota

Columbus, Ohio

Dundee, Ohio

Glouster, Ohio

Guysville, Ohio

Carnegie, Oklahoma

Enid, Oklahoma

Sherwood, Oregon

Coopersburg, Pennsylvania

Hummelstown, Pennsylvania

Lansdowne, Pennsylvania

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Newport, Rhode Island

Viola, Tennessee

Leesburg, Virginia

Elma, Washington

Kirkland, Washington

Port Angeles, Washington

Port Angeles East, Washington

Great Cacapon, West Virginia

Grantsburg, Wisconsin

Marinette, Wisconsin

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Spooner, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 16, 2020, fishy_popo from Hamilton, ON (Zone 5a) wrote:

Grows very well here in my downtown Hamilton, Ontario native garden. I planted at least 3 plants and they all do well in a mostly sunny position all day with a moist clay soil mixed with compost. The flowers that pop up on Spring are a very lovely bouquet. I still have yet to see native pollinators drop by on this plant, though I have seen bumblebees and a white butterfly flutter around the plants.


On May 8, 2017, JBtheExplorer from Southeast, WI wrote:

This is one of the best Spring-blooming plants for just about every type of garden and gardener. Does well in woodland or prairie gardens, looks great in formal or wild gardens. It's a fairly early bloomer (Early May in southern Wisconsin). Looks great mixed with native ferns as well as other spring-blooming woodland plants.


On Mar 27, 2016, RhodyDude from Takoma Park, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

Wonderful native plant that starts leafing out in late March, producing flowers in April, and staying in full leaf into the fall. I have mine growing in part shade under an oak tree, and it seems pretty happy. This plant deserves to be grown more as it is a nearly perfect native ground cover for dryish shade.


On Mar 1, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A pretty woodland perennial, native to eastern North America, blooming for a couple of weeks in late spring. I remember this from the woods near my home as a child, and it still delights me when I see it in woodlands today.

Some plants bloom white.

This is one of the few geraniums that will do well in the shade. Upright in habit and self-supporting, generally about 18" tall. Very easy and reliable, requiring no maintenance. Usually goes dormant in summer/fall if conditions are uncongenially dry, only to return the next spring no worse for the wear. Best in dappled shade with moist, well-drained soil, but it's highly adaptable. Tolerates full sun. Also tolerates wet soil.

Easily transplanted---I usually chop off all the topgrowth and lift the bra... read more


On Dec 29, 2012, CrowMeris from Greene, NY wrote:

Hardy, reliable little plants that ask virtually nothing of the gardener but a drink during really hot dry spells.
They will spread, but not aggressively - very easy to keep under control. Mine live happily in shade along with native ferns at the woodland edge.


On May 20, 2010, wiskis from Milwaukee, WI wrote:

I have a large patch of wild geraniums that I would like to move to another place in my yard. Two questions I have are how well does is transport and if I put down weedblock will that prevent it from spreading? I want it to spread to fill in the space but don't want the dandelions or creeping charlie that are lurking nearby. Thanks!


On Jun 2, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

One of the most shade tolerant geranium you can find anywhere - this native of the Eastern United States will bloom and thrive in woodland shade but will become more vigorous in more sun. Espresso is a maroon leaf variety of this species.


On May 29, 2008, minnasnowtan from Braham, MN (Zone 3b) wrote:

My daughter discovered a small cluster of these growing on the lot we were clearing to build our house on. She thought they were lovely (as did I) and transplanted them to a "safe area." That was in 2005. They are growing very well and I have never regretted saving them from the backhoe. They are a favorite of everyone in the family.
These are great native plants that ask nothing of the grower other than a somewhat shadey place to live. I had actually planned to find some to plant here before we found them growing amid weeds, brush, and several decades worth of total neglect. The conditions in which we found them are a testimony to their hardiness! What a wonderful "housewarming gift" they have been!


On Apr 27, 2008, outdoorlover from Enid, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Just now discovered the name of this plant. I planted it last year and forgot about it. It did not do very well last year, kind of died out. However, this spring, they are beautiful! It looks a whole lot like woodland phlox. The other posts are accurate about this plant. I'm going to try to propagate it.


On May 21, 2007, flakeygardener from Montreal, QC (Zone 5a) wrote:

Montreal, Quebec (Zone 5a)

A few years ago I planted 2 cuttings, which I thought were dead. The first year one produced about 5 leaves and one bloom. The other produced 2 leaves and no bloom. Two years later, after a beautiful sunny spring, both plants were over a foot in diameter and covered in blooms! But last spring we had 11 straight days of rain and both plants were small and their leaves rusty. There was only a single bloom between the two plants.

There is no sign of either plant this year and I am heartbroken. Judging by my other plants, the geraniums would be almost ready to bloom by now.

Also, my sister grows these in Zone 4b further east and north of me.


On Nov 24, 2005, bonniewong from edmonton,
Canada wrote:

Beautiful foliage with substance, not floppy or trailing. Easily propagated by division or basal cuttings from the crown. A great geranium for the front of the border


On Aug 30, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Wild Geranium or Spotted Geranium forms large clumps 12 to 24 inches tall covered with delicate 1.5 inch rosy-lavender to soft pink flowers. Wild Geranium is a favorite in the wild garden due to its attractive foliage and flowers that require little or no maintenance and is spectacular as a mass in an open woodland, perfect for the border of a shade garden, or naturalized in sweeps at the base of large trees. Wild Geranium prefers moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil and high open shade and accepts sunny conditions with moisture but will go dormant in drought conditions.


On Jun 2, 2004, OhioBreezy from Dundee, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Here in Ohio, we have tons of these that grow wild, mostly the pink variety, years ago I acquired this lovely near dark purple colored one and have now about 6 plants around my yard, they grow wonderfully with no care, and a such a delight in the garden.


On Apr 15, 2003, lgsherk from Vandiver, AL (Zone 7a) wrote:

The Cranesbill Geranium is native to Alabama and I am sure to several other southeastern states. It is a lovely spring
bloomer and needs little attention.
Linda in Alabama