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Hybrid Multiflora, Large Flowered Climbing Rose 'Blaze'


Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rosa (RO-zuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Blaze
Additional cultivar information:(PP10, aka Climbing Blaze)
Hybridized by Kallay
Registered or introduced: 1932
» View all varieties of Roses


Modern Climber


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Bloom Color:

Medium red (mr)

Bloom Shape:



Flower Fragrance:

Slightly Fragrant

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Blooms repeatedly



Trained to climb

Trained as rambler

Patent Information:

Patent expired

Other Details:


Resistant to rust

Stems are moderately thorny

Pruning Instructions:

Blooms on old wood; prune after flowering

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From hardwood cuttings

By grafting

By budding

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (2 reports)

Phoenix, Arizona

Scottsdale, Arizona

Denver, Colorado

Oxford, Connecticut

North Port, Florida

Braselton, Georgia

Norcross, Georgia

Westchester, Illinois

Corydon, Indiana

Evansville, Indiana

Andover, Kansas

Lansing, Kansas

Coushatta, Louisiana

Echo, Louisiana

Takoma Park, Maryland

Beverly, Massachusetts

Dover, New Hampshire

Farmington, New Hampshire

Los Alamos, New Mexico

Pittsford, New York

Wake Forest, North Carolina

Lima, Ohio

Harleysville, Pennsylvania

Shamokin, Pennsylvania

Germantown, Tennessee

Hixson, Tennessee

Knoxville, Tennessee

Garland, Texas

Gilmer, Texas

Harker Heights, Texas

Houston, Texas

New Caney, Texas

Plano, Texas

South Hero, Vermont

Madison, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 30, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This cultivar was a pioneer when it was introduced in 1932. It remains popular because it is so well known, though there are now many better red climbing roses.

Very susceptible to black spot, this defoliates for the rest of the season if I skip the fungicide spray for a few weeks.

Flowers are small (2.5") and lack fragrance. They open mid-red but the color rapidly shifts towards purple, not true red.

It is much hardier than indicated above, to Z4.

For a red climber, I much prefer 'Amadeus'.


On Jul 11, 2014, bstnh1 from Barrington, NH (Zone 5a) wrote:

I've had several Blaze climbers over the years at different locations. They do fine in Zone 4 with no protection whatsoever. I planted one in the Spring of 2013, got a few blooms, and nothing the rest of the year. This Spring (2014) it took off and it's loaded with bright red roses. Give it good, well prepared soil, fertilizer and water and you won't be disappointed with its performance.


On May 23, 2013, sunshimmer from Shamokin, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

I have had this climbing rose for 3 years now. I have it in full sun growing up a trellis with golden showers climbing rose next to it. The first year it didn't do much. Last year it grew about 4ft and had a few blooms. This year I added a soaker hose to my garden and also used liquid fertilizer on it as well as sprinkling 10-10-10 at the root zone. It is now about 8ft and has tons of buds on it already and it's just the beginning of the growing season. Last year it had a few blooms at a time, but this year it is covered in buds. Can't wait to see how great it will be this year. No problems or issues with it, other than a slow start. Oh, also..train it horizontally across the trellis in zig zag for better and more blooms. Fantastic!

UPDATE: June-2014:This winter has been pre... read more


On Nov 12, 2010, LauraSteele from Fort Wayne, IN wrote:

My great-grandfather planted this rose in 1933 in front of our garage. I have a picture of my father (age 4) and behind him is that rose at about 3' tall starting to go up the trellis. I went over to Dad's house several years ago and he asked what I'd been doing. My arms were all scratched and bleeding. I told him that I'd been pruning the "demon rose". He just laughed himself silly. When I asked him what was so funny, he told me that he'd always hated that rose, too. It was Dad's chore, growing up, to prune it so he could, literally, feel my pain. The rose is now about 75 years old, healthy, huge and as cantankerous as ever. The rose is so large (it outgrew the trellis about 30 years ago) it just goes up onto the garage roof and lays there, blooming like mad, throughout the summer. It's n... read more


On Apr 4, 2009, Joan from Belfield, ND (Zone 4a) wrote:

Editor's Note

Plant Patent number 10 has expired


On Mar 18, 2009, greekbecky from Pittsford, NY wrote:

This is a special rose for me as it was developed in my hometown of Mentor, Ohio.

From the Mentor Historical Society:


U.S. Patent No. 10 issued to the first ever-blooming climbing rose, Blaze, developed in Mentor by Joseph W. Kallay. Mentor is known as the Rose Capital of the Nation.


On Dec 19, 2005, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

This is my very first rose and I just love it. The only minus for me is its lack of fragrance. The pic I posted is about 3 yrs old and the rose has been growing there for about 4 yrs. It is in semi-shade and is virtually care-free. I feed it with eggshells, banana peels and give it one dose of all-purpose rose food in the Spring. It does get a little blackspot in mid to late summer, but it doesn't seem to harm it. Mine would be a huge monster if I didn't keep it pruned. Now it has a sweet autumn clematis growing in it. I hope to post more pics when it blooms next year.


On Apr 30, 2004, anix from Houston, TX wrote:

I'm in love. I purchased this plant for under $3 at the local grocery store last summer. It's taken off and is covered in clusters of 8 - 9 blooms. What a beautiful and so far disease resistant rose. I can't wait to watch it take over and blanket the fence line with beautiful red blooms. Take a peek at the pictures !


On Mar 21, 2002, Sis wrote:

Blaze is a good performer all around. Its highly disease resistant. It is a climber and will grow 10ft. to 15ft. The flowers are deep red and highly fragrant. It does have thorns, so careful when taking out diseased, dying or dead canes. It is heat tolerant and does well in drought situations.

When caring for roses use the 3D Rule: Only remove the Dead, Dying and Diseased canes.

Exception: When pruning to open the canopy on other roses (Hybrid Teas for example).