Salvia Species, Common Sage, Culinary Sage, Garden Sage

Salvia officinalis

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Salvia (SAL-vee-uh) (Info)
Species: officinalis (oh-fiss-ih-NAH-liss) (Info)
Synonym:Salvia chromatica
Synonym:Salvia clusii
Synonym:Salvia cretica
Synonym:Salvia crispa
Synonym:Salvia digyna
» View all varieties of Salvias
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24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Bloom Color:



Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Phoenix, Arizona(2 reports)

Saint David, Arizona

Conway, Arkansas

Amesti, California

China Lake Acres, California

Clovis, California

Corralitos, California

Elkhorn, California

Interlaken, California

Long Beach, California

Merced, California

Pajaro, California

Ridgecrest, California

Sacramento, California

Santa Ana, California

Temecula, California

Watsonville, California

Colorado Springs, Colorado(2 reports)

Denver, Colorado(2 reports)

Cape Coral, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida

Rockledge, Florida

Dacula, Georgia

Waverly, Georgia

Honomu, Hawaii

Athens, Illinois

Cherry Valley, Illinois

Chicago, Illinois

Morris, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Western Springs, Illinois

Chesterton, Indiana

Rising Sun, Indiana

Kansas City, Kansas

Saint Marys, Kansas

Benton, Kentucky

Brodhead, Kentucky

Ewing, Kentucky

Kingfield, Maine

Crofton, Maryland

Cumberland, Maryland

East Longmeadow, Massachusetts

Uxbridge, Massachusetts

Constantine, Michigan

Garden City, Michigan

Grand Rapids, Michigan

Ludington, Michigan

Mason, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Traverse City, Michigan

Grand Portage, Minnesota

Saucier, Mississippi

Bayville, New Jersey

Plainfield, New Jersey

Roswell, New Mexico

Brooklyn, New York

Buffalo, New York

Deposit, New York

Jefferson, New York

New York City, New York

North Tonawanda, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Mebane, North Carolina

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Cottage Grove, Oregon


Salem, Oregon

Allentown, Pennsylvania

Brookhaven, Pennsylvania

Fayetteville, Pennsylvania

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Scranton, Pennsylvania

Walnutport, Pennsylvania

Watsontown, Pennsylvania

Charleston, South Carolina

Mount Pleasant, South Carolina

Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

Lenoir City, Tennessee

Thompsons Station, Tennessee

Austin, Texas

Bryan, Texas

Bulverde, Texas

Copperas Cove, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Hereford, Texas

Houston, Texas(2 reports)

Huntsville, Texas

Jacksonville, Texas

Roy, Utah

South Jordan, Utah

Newport News, Virginia

Norfolk, Virginia

Palmyra, Virginia

Radford, Virginia

Freeland, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Tacoma, Washington(2 reports)

Great Cacapon, West Virginia

Madison, Wisconsin

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 4, 2009, napdognewfie from Cumberland, MD (Zone 6a) wrote:

Stays green so I can use it year round. I can even pick it fresh for my Thanksgiving & Christmas stuffing. Beautiful blue flowers too. I have one in the flower garden in front & one in the herb garden in back.


On Jul 8, 2009, kitty_mom from Waverly, GA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I have a second year sage plant from seed in a pot. It's sort of a diva- it wants to be in the sun, then it gets too much and it wants to be moved. I'm thinking it's home is going to be in the partial shade on a side porch. Likes to be watered regularly or she'll wilt and be very accusatory and try to make you feel bad. ;) I've taken some cuttings and they're doing well, and I'll start sitting them in the sun in the next week.

8/26/2009- moved the largest sage to the side of the garden, planted it in ground in full sun. It seems to really like this location.
Excellent flavor, one of my faves.


On Oct 15, 2007, 1botanist from Scranton, PA wrote:

Sage is easily propagated during the mid-summer. I now have many new shoots that are taking great. Sage is also wonderful in the kitchen, especially stuffing.

I love sage so much, I named my dog after it.


On Mar 25, 2007, WUVIE from Hulbert, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Sage is always welcome in my garden.

I was a bit worried about it over winter, as we had some pretty severe ice storms.
Thankfully, it not only made it through the rough weather,
but is now bounding back, bursting with new foliage.

I'll be planting more sage this year. What a pleasant plant!


On Oct 27, 2006, greenkat from Crofton, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

Fairly easy to grow from seed. It may do better in full sun but I have had success growing sage in partial shade.


On Mar 2, 2006, girlndocs from Tacoma, WA wrote:

This is one of the first plants I started from seed, as a clueless 13-year-old, which should tell you how easy it is to grow. It's very hardy, drought-tolerant, pest-free and handles crappy soil well. It's also so attractive and easy to blend in as an ornamental. If only it ddn't smell like stinky socks.

This year I'm putting one in next to my apricot-colored rose, so the lovely blue-purple flower spikes (they also make great accents in cut bouquets, especially with white peony) can provide contrast. I've had variegated sage there for 3 years now, but no blooms, so I dug the ingrates out and it's back to common sage for me.


On May 4, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

Sage is a wonderful,versitile plant. The blooms are beautiful and attractive to bees and insects. It can be used for flavoring cooked food and cheese.

It grows well in West KY and I wouldn't be without at least one plant.


On Oct 12, 2002, chris1926 wrote:

I grow sage in a pot on my outdoor patio. Have been very successful and fine it dries very well in my dehydrater. The plant last a long time in Florida.

Sage is also used for stopping a wound from bleeding. I had a real bad cut on my arm recently. I had read an article in the newspaper a few days before about putting sage on cuts to stop the bleeding. It really worked and I have almost no noticeable scar.


On May 31, 2002, MikeandSusan from Springtown, TX wrote:

We are employing this plant as a feature in our yard landscaping. It has done quite well in partial shade and winters over in our North Texas climate (Zone 7-b) without special care. Four inch potted transplants set out last spring have reached a height of approximately two feet with about an eighteen inch spread. They were co-planted with Tuscan Blue Rosemary and Society Garlic.

We have been very pleased with this plant in terms of its appearance and its ease-of-cultivation.


On Oct 17, 2001, Baa wrote:

A woody perennial from North Africa and Southern Europe.

Has scented, dull green, downey, slightly wrinkled, ovate leaves. Bears light blue, hooded flowers.

Flowers June-August

Likes a very well drained, poorish soil in full sun.

Sage has a long history as a medicinal and culinary plant. It was used in the treatment of plague (not specified which one, they probably tried it for all of them), epilepsy, cramp, sore throats, palsy, headaches, colds, and lethargy among many others. Oh yes and not forgetting snake bites, come to think of it, what didn't our ancestors use for snake bite?

It was also used as a tonic to improve the brain and thinking.

It is drunk as a tea, eaten as; sage and onion stuffing... read more