Fragaria Species, Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry

Fragaria virginiana

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Fragaria (frag-AY-ree-uh) (Info)
Species: virginiana (vir-jin-ee-AN-uh) (Info)
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Edible Fruits and Nuts

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)


USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Hazel Green, Alabama

Seward, Alaska

Crescent City, California

Merced, California

Hinsdale, Illinois

Clarksville, Indiana

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Cole Camp, Missouri

Piedmont, Missouri

Sullivan, Missouri

Frenchtown, New Jersey

Deposit, New York

Cary, North Carolina

Bowling Green, Ohio

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

San Antonio, Texas

Locust Dale, Virginia

Vienna, Virginia

Issaquah, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:


On May 18, 2020, fishy_popo from Hamilton, ON (Zone 5a) wrote:

This is a Southern Ontario native plant. I have this growing in my native plant garden in my downtown Hamilton, Ontario home. The plant starts growing as early as mid March, and by this early May the plant has started to bear white flowers in clusters. It is very easy to propagate by plantlets from the runners it sends out. I actually got my plant from a local wild patch as a plantlet from a runner. This patch of wild strawberries as of this May is full of white flowers with plenty of native insects buzzing around trying to get to the nectar.


On Oct 16, 2019, Kell from (Zone 9b) wrote:

Per Rogier van Vugt, the Head Gardener at the greenhouses at Leiden University and at Hortus botanicus Leiden, from Noordwijk, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands:
"The best tasting wild strawberry is probably this one. Fragaria virginiana. It is one of the parents of the common strawberry we all know and gave it its taste and aroma."


On Jan 23, 2016, JBtheExplorer from Southeast, WI wrote:

Wild Strawberry grows well in many different conditions from shade to sun, and from dry to moist. The fruit is smaller but much more flavorful than commercial strawberries. The plant and fruit are also beneficial to native wildlife. This is a great plant to add to native gardens as it will grow will with them and help to cover bare dirt.


On Mar 13, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This is ornamental, but both the plant and its fruits are tiny compared will cultivated hybrids. The fruits are much sweeter and more flavorful than the cultivated sort, but it takes hours to gather a cupful.


On Jan 17, 2005, JodyC from Palmyra, IL (Zone 5b) wrote:

The ecological value of Wild Strawberry to various insects, birds, and animals is high. The flowers attract long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, flies, small butterflies, and skippers. Among these, small bees are the most important pollinator of the flowers; this includes such visitors as Little Carpenter bees, Nomadine Cuckoo bees, Mason bees, Halictid bees, and Andrenine bees. The caterpillars of several species of moths feed on the foliage and flowers of Wild Strawberry. Other insects that feed on Wild Strawberry include Chactosiphum fragraefolii (Strawberry Aphid), Aphis forbesi (Strawberry Root Aphid), and Otiochynchus ovatus (Strawberry Root Weevil). Various upland gamebirds, songbirds, and mammals eat the fruit or foliage, including such prairie-inhabiting species as Tympanuchus c... read more