Aquilegia, Columbine, Granny's Bonnets 'Biedermeier Group'


Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Aquilegia (a-kwi-LEE-jee-a) (Info)
Cultivar: Biedermeier Group
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage

Foliage Color:



24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:



Pale Yellow

Light Blue

Medium Purple

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Birmingham, Alabama

Seward, Alaska

Elk Grove, California

Chicago, Illinois

Hanna City, Illinois

Indianapolis, Indiana

Macy, Indiana

Hebron, Kentucky

Pinconning, Michigan

Royal Oak, Michigan

Hopkins, Minnesota

Piedmont, Missouri

Omaha, Nebraska

Oxford, North Carolina

Lebanon, Ohio


Coopersburg, Pennsylvania

Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Knoxville, Tennessee

Rockwood, Tennessee

Kalama, Washington

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Watertown, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 15, 2016, Ancolie88 from Innsbruck,
Austria (Zone 6b) wrote:

Aquilegia vulgaris "Biedermeier" looks allways very impressive in my garden in May, because of the upward facing flowers which are typical for this strain


On Nov 9, 2010, ms_greenjeans from Hopkins, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I have a shade garden that is near 3 black walnut trees. I did not realize when I planted columbine that it is sensitive to juglone; however, in spite of that, it has grown and bloomed for the past three years in that location. I did notice it was declining this year, so I have split up and moved the plants to a different area. I love columbine with its airy foliage and complex-looking flowers, so I hope it does well in its new spot.


On Feb 28, 2006, TBGDN from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Synonym: Aquilegia x sibirica; Cultivar: Biedermeier: I have allowed these to naturalize and self-seed themselves. In doing so a host of insects and birds naturally cross-pollinate between plants, and produce a lot of color variations. Hummingbirds are drawn like magnets to the flowers. Colors range from pastel pinks, whites to mauves. I also grow what is known as the 'Nora Barlow' series of pink columbines, and bees I'm sure have cross pollinated between the various kinds. All are very cold hardy. Very easily grown and naturalized; completely cold hardy.


On Jun 30, 2004, Weezingreens from Seward, AK (Zone 3b) wrote:

Aquilegias do well here in Seward, Alaska. They like our moist, cool season. Biedermeiers are one of my favorite varieties. I've been growing them from seed for the last three years, and the range of colors always amazes me. It has a modest height, taller than a flabellata, shorter than most vulgaris. At about 18" tall, it sits well in any bed, and the lovely blooms face upward on sturdy stems that shouldn't need staking. Give this one a try!


On Apr 25, 2004, Toxicodendron from Piedmont, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

These columbines have more upfacing, short blooms than most. The flowers are smaller than some, but the plant produces many blooms. I have about 4 or 5 different shades, from almost white to pink, to purple. I recommend this cultivated strain.