Cornus Species, Cornelian Cherry, Cornelian Cherry Dogwood, European Cornel

Cornus mas

Family: Cornaceae
Genus: Cornus (KOR-nus) (Info)
Species: mas (mas) (Info)




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage

Foliage Color:




20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

By grafting

By budding

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Weismain, Bayern(127 reports)

Hinsdale, Illinois

Streamwood, Illinois

Logansport, Indiana

Muncie, Indiana

Muscatine, Iowa

Falmouth, Maine

Riverdale, Maryland

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Capac, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Saint Louis, Missouri

Croton On Hudson, New York

Columbus, Ohio

Salem, Oregon

Aspers, Pennsylvania

Beavertown, Pennsylvania

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

Middleburg, Pennsylvania

Lugoff, South Carolina

Orem, Utah

Jáltipan de Morelos, Veracruz-Llave(45 reports)

New Haven, Vermont

Hood, Virginia

Lexington, Virginia

Marysville, Washington

Olympia, Washington

Port Angeles, Washington

Port Angeles East, Washington

Belleville, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Nov 28, 2015, janelp_lee from Toronto, ON (Zone 6a) wrote:

It is a nice tree has not very showy flower but with edible fruit. I have harvested small quantity of seeds in fall 2015 from variegated variety 'Aurea' and germinate 2 seeds easily in 2 months.


On Dec 24, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

The flowers burst out on leafless branches a few days before the forsythias. They're a greenish yellow, quite attractive, though they may not be showy enough for those who prefer forsythias.

The scarlet summer fruits are ornamental, and taste a a bit like a sour cherry. I find them tasty fresh (I also like fresh sour cherries), but I can see them used like sour cherries in cooking/baking. This species is widely grown for fruit use in eastern Europe. There are cultivars expressly selected for fruit size and quality, and if you're getting one with fruit harvest in mind I'd go for a cultivar.

Unlike most fruit trees, this one takes care of itself. It's tough, hardy, adaptable, and virtually pest free. The leaves are green and not burgundy/black.

No... read more


On Jan 29, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

It is a pretty plant from Europe that is sold at most larger nurseries in the upper Midwest as in Chicagoland. Not often planted by layman homeowners, but occasionally used by landscape designers who know it. It is a dense, dark, rounded small tree that bears small yellow flower clusters for about a month in March into early April. It has a sort of exfoliating bark that looks nice. It bears large red fruit that are edible and used for jams and jellies. No fall color, though. Most European woody plants don't color as well as American and Asian ones.


On Oct 19, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

The plant that I had was given by another person - it have survived its first winter and crowding by taller plants and respond by increase it size - no winter damages are noticed except for the extreme top shoot.


On Feb 19, 2004, Hristo from (Zone 6b) wrote:

Excellent fruit-tree. Fruit with very good taste. In Bulgaria is usual fruit-tree, but on small scales (still).


On Jan 3, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Can be grown as shrub or pruned as a tree. Very beautiful foliage when it first emerges. Many cultivars available with varying leaf and blossom coloration. Very carefree, trouble-free plant, yielding edible fruit that is attractive to birds and animals, as well as people.