Euphorbia Species, Leafy Spurge

Euphorbia esula

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Euphorbia (yoo-FOR-bee-uh) (Info)
Species: esula (ESS-uh-luh) (Info)
Synonym:Euphorbia angustifolia
Synonym:Euphorbion esulum
Synonym:Galarhoeus esula
Synonym:Keraselma esula
Synonym:Tithymalus esula



Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


Unknown - Tell us


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Blooms repeatedly


Grown for foliage


Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Cos Cob, Connecticut

Bay City, Michigan

Saint Helen, Michigan

Beach, North Dakota

Belfield, North Dakota

Medora, North Dakota

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 15, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This toxic plant invades natural areas and suppresses other vegetation. Its roots reach down 12 feet or more, and once established it is very difficult to control. It spreads both underground and by seed.

Its cultivation is prohibited in ten states and it has been declared a noxious weed in twelve others. This species is naturalized in most states and provinces of North America except the US southeast.

The World Conservation Union (IUCN) has placed this species on its list of 100 of the world's worst invasive species, an honor it shares with only 31 other land plants.

I o... read more


On May 1, 2011, laura10801 from Fairfield County, CT (Zone 6b) wrote:

Invasive! Invasive! Invasive! This little brat of a plant is growing in a dry, mostly shady location and I cannot control it. The best thing I can say about it is that it comes out of the ground easily.


On Apr 1, 2007, Joan from Belfield, ND (Zone 4a) wrote:

This plant is listed on the North Dakota invasive/troublesome list and this information is being distributed in a guide developed by the ND Weed Control Association and other agencies.

Plant Features
Perennial, up to 3 feet tall
Plants with milky sap (toxic)
Plants bluish green, emerge early spring
Clusters of 1/2 inch yellow flower bracts appear in late May
Seed pods (2 to 4) appear in center of bracts
Spreads by seeds and creeping roots (rhizomatous)
Extensive brown roots with pink buds

Widespread invasive that grows under most conditions. Once established, very difficult to eradicate

Interesting Facts
Roots can grow up to 15 feet laterally and re... read more


On Dec 27, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Leafy Spurge Euphorbia esula is naturalied in Texas and other States and is considered an invasive plant in Texas.