Ivy Gourd

Coccinia grandis

Family: Cucurbitaceae (koo-ker-bih-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Coccinia (kok-SIN-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: grandis (GRAN-dees) (Info)
Synonym:Coccinia cordifolia
Synonym:Coccinia indica



Vines and Climbers

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

Direct sow as soon as the ground can be worked

From seed; direct sow after last frost

From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Hartselle, Alabama

Crescent City, Florida

Daytona Beach, Florida

Homestead, Florida

Key West, Florida

Lakeland, Florida(2 reports)

Panama City, Florida

Seminole, Florida

Kailua, Hawaii

Kaneohe Station, Hawaii

Maunawili, Hawaii

Amarillo, Texas

Humble, Texas

Mont Belvieu, Texas

Tomball, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 6, 2021, mumsyu from Surrey,
Canada wrote:

Hi Can anyone share a few cuttings? I live in Vancouver, Canada. I have been looking for this plant over 3 yrs now.

I have seeds of
a) Agathi keerai, aka sesbania grandiflora, a spinach variety also called as august tree leaves or humming bird tree leaves. Very beneficial
b) Holy Basil (Tulsi). I could share them

Much appreciated.


On Jul 1, 2020, rjmaterasso from Seminole, FL wrote:

Im in Pinellas County and would be happy to let anyone take any of this off my hands. We have a neighboring tree which this vine is smothering and is not on our property so we couldn't remove it although we want to. It grows extremely fast and is super invasive. It does have attractive foliage and gourds HOWEVER, we started to be displeased when hoards of wasps and bees inhabited the area. We have a small child and normally I would love to feed the pollinators but there became too many and it became somewhat dangerous. There are almost impossible to get rid of and I probably won't be able to plant because the roots are so well established.


On Nov 12, 2017, janelp_lee from Toronto, ON (Zone 6a) wrote:

Very easy to grow from seeds! This perennial is either male or female, so it is better to grow them from seeds to have both male and female in order to fruit. Once plants are flowering then you can mark the genders of the plants. It is easier to take cuttings by knowing the gender.


On May 18, 2016, smkuppaa from Tampa, FL wrote:

We had this plan back inindia, very nutritious. If anyone new tampa area has this and is willing to give me couple of cuttings will be very grateful thanks.


On Feb 18, 2016, Adri123 from Tomball, TX wrote:

I would like to be connected with anyone who is willing to sell, trade, or give me cutting of this plant. I have been trying to find cuttings for over a year. I ordered seeds on Ebay more than once, but so far, I have not been successful in growing this remarkable plant.


On Jun 26, 2011, wtliftr from Wilson's Mills, NC wrote:

Does ANYONE within the United States have seeds, or preferably some cuttings that they would be willing to sell? I am getting a plant business started, and am concentrating on edible/fruit/vegetable plants. If it's invasive in your backyard in Florida, even better. I'll buy your weed!
I really would like to try this fruit, and am in Florida right now, but can't even find it growing wild in a park.
DID find plenty of Dioscorea bulbifera, however. And kudzu.
I'm not willing to risk buying online to a store outside of the United States, lest US Customs confiscates my plant.
ANY help is appreciated!

NOTE: I found a large vine growing on a fence in Miami (Homestead, actually) Brought back over a dozen fruits. They are past being edible, but full of goo... read more


On May 29, 2011, Tefoe from Lakeland, FL wrote:

There should not be a bad thing said about this plant, only about the..... that refuse to see it as it is.
A very beautiful plant: Its foliage, a nice dark green, gorgeous when covering a trellis.
A very edible plant: If people just ate them they wouldn't be a problem. The leaves taste like..... Leaves, cooked or not, just like most green things.
The Fruit!! That's the prize! Small ones taste just like the Best cucumber you've ever had!(This though! Varies greatly from plant to plant:( With a super CRUNCH!
The ripe ones are very sweet,I make a preserve with them, Or a BIG RED jam, get it?
Its very easy to propagate, its why it can be such a pain, it will root anywhere it touches the ground!
It'll send down a very long tap root, of witch it will gr... read more


On Nov 29, 2009, texasflora_com from De Leon, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

I'm interested in trying this plant since it's supposedly a perennial. I doubt it would become invasive in my area due to freezing weather. Does anyone know if it comes back after a winter dieback?


On Sep 28, 2009, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

The Ivy Gourd was brought to this country from the old world as a medicinal and food plant. It has escaped cultivation in Brevard and Dade Counties, Florida.

The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if fruit is required). The plant is not self-fertile, so requires insects to be fertilized. The male flowers provide the pollen, but do NOT have parts to provide fruit. This requires the female flower.


On Oct 1, 2007, bekisar from Panama City, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

The flowers are white with 5 petals.This plant is very easy to grow from any method OTHER than seed. Difficult to grow from seed.Cuttings grow roots very easily.This plant can be invasive.The young leaves are good to eat as a pot herb cooked similar to turnip greens.This plant is EXTREMELY popular in INDIA. Regardless what you may hear or read about the FRUITS of this plant,BOTH the red ripe fruits and the green unripe fruits are good to eat raw or cooked. The green fruits make a great ingredient in stir fry,and remain crunchy.Other common names for it are...ivy gourd-dondakai-tindla-parval-thainli-kovakkai.


On Jul 10, 2004, punaheledp from Kailua, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

also known as "scarlet-fruited gourd" it is a pest plant in Hawaii, an aggressive weedy vine from Africa, Asia, Australia. It has tendrils, ivy-like leaves, white bell shaped flowers and red fruit 1-1/2" long. There's some that grows behind my property and I have to remove it periodically from my fence to hinder its spread. I'll find it sprouting here and there and have to get main root to keep it from growing back.