Trigonella Species, Common Fenugreek

Trigonella foenum-graecum

Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Trigonella (try-go-NEL-uh) (Info)
Species: foenum-graecum (FEN-um GRAY-kum) (Info)
Synonym:Trigonella tibetana



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Foliage Color:



18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


15-18 in. (38-45 cm)


Not Applicable

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone

Can be grown as an annual

Suitable for growing in containers


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Los Angeles, California

Longmont, Colorado

Sun City Center, Florida

York, South Carolina

Austin, Texas

Mcallen, Texas

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 22, 2015, Ted_B from Birmingham, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

This delicious aromatic micro-green germinates virtually overnight, and is very easy to grow. When used liberally, this healthy herb gives a pleasant nutty note to stews and salads. Vigorous seedlings are easily cluster-grown in wide containers, and thrive with adequate moisture and direct sun. Plants can be harvested either by snipping tops, or plucking the entire plant as done in India. Left to flower and go to seed, dried pods yield several seeds each, meaning that with careful management, one needs to buy seed only once. Known as "Methi" in Indian cuisine, the fresh young tops give a pleasant nutty accent to stewed dishes and salads.


On Apr 7, 2013, DannyJoe from York, SC (Zone 7b) wrote:

What is a sieve bean?
China markets a "sieve bean" that looks a lot like Fenugreek (seed and plant).
Are there any beans (been seeds) that look like Fenugreek seed?
If not, then might want to add "Asian Sieve Bean" to alternate names.


On Jan 9, 2013, vossner from East Texas,
United States (Zone 8a) wrote:

There is extensive literature extolling the benefits of fenugreek, which include: increasing male libido, reducing risk of liver cancer, increasing production in lactating women and ameliorating symptoms in types I and II diabetes. All fine and great but no solid scientific evidence yet. The flavor of the leaves is sweetish. Great for juicing as it blends very well with other fruits and veggies. Also, a popular component in Indian cuisine. In the Houston area, the actual plant is found in ethnic supermarkets. The seeds, which are also edible, can be purchased dried at health food stores.

Very important to wash thoroughly before consuming. E. coli associated deaths were reported in 2011 in Europe and Asia. Rating it neutral as I don't grow it in my garden bu... read more


On Apr 16, 2008, CurtisJones from Broomfield, CO (Zone 5b) wrote:

From your friends at Botanical Interests: Ready for something a little more exotic? Fenugreek sprouts, leaves, or ground seeds add a subtle spicy flavor to salads, sandwiches, and Indian cuisine. Widely grown in India, this 24" tall member of the legume family with the unusual name is one of the oldest cultivated spices in civilization! A common component of curry powder, the seeds have a warm, nutty, spicy flavor reminiscent of celery or maple.


On May 2, 2006, dmj1218 from west Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

An extract of fenugreek was probably used by early Egyptians in the mummification process. Not as commonly grown in the south as other herbs but is probably one of the oldest cultivated plants. The sweet maple taste is often detectable in curry powder and is used in the United States for artificial maple candies and syrups. Easily grown in the south from seed in early spring. It grows to 2 feet producing yellowish-white flowers. Matures rapidly to seed in the south. Use the sprouted seeds in salads for added nutrition and flavor.


On Oct 28, 2004, trifunov from Brandon, MS (Zone 8a) wrote:

According to Botanica's "Organic Gardening" book fenugreek is a semi-hardy annual which matures in 2-3 months. It should be planted from early spring to late summer. It can be used as a cover crop/ green manure and is an excellent nitrogen-fixer. The seeds are one of the main ingredients in curry powder and the leaves are also useful as a culinary herb.


On Aug 31, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

The name comes from Foenum-graecum, meaning Greek Hay, the plant being used to scent inferior hay. The name of the genus, Trigonella, is derived from the old Greek name, denoting 'three-angled,' from the form of its corolla. The seeds of Fenugreek have been used medicinally all through the ages and were held in high repute among the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans for medicinal and culinary purposes.

Fenugreek is much used in herbal medicine, especially in North Africa, the Middle East and India. It has a wide range of medicinal applications. The seeds are very nourishing and are given to convalescents and to encourage weight gain, especially in anorexia nervosa. The seeds should not be prescribed medicinally for pregnant women since they can induce uterine contractions. Resear... read more


On Aug 18, 2001, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

An erect two to three foot tall annual herb with light green leaves and small white flowers. The seed pods contain ten to twenty small, flat, yellow-brown, pungent, aromatic seeds to a pod. The seeds have a strong aroma and somewhat bitter taste, variously described as similar to celery, maple syrup, or burnt sugar.