Geum Species, Prairie Smoke, Purple, 3-Flower Avens, Old Man's Beard, Grandpa's Whiskers

Geum triflorum

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Geum (JEE-um) (Info)
Species: triflorum (TRY-flor-um) (Info)



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


USDA Zone 1: below -45.6 C (-55 F)

USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 C (-50 F)

USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring



Other details:

This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Palmer, Alaska

Cotopaxi, Colorado

Cherry Valley, Illinois

Galena, Illinois

Quincy, Illinois

Saint Charles, Illinois

Valparaiso, Indiana

Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Wichita, Kansas

Smiths Grove, Kentucky

Gardiner, Maine

Brookeville, Maryland

Silver Spring, Maryland

Drummond Island, Michigan

Hopkins, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Lincoln, Nebraska

Sag Harbor, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

, Saskatchewan

Crossville, Tennessee

Austin, Texas

Leesburg, Virginia

Kalama, Washington

Valley, Washington

Augusta, Wisconsin

Madison, Wisconsin

Menomonie, Wisconsin

Muscoda, Wisconsin

Racine, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 19, 2017, JBtheExplorer from Southeast, WI wrote:

If you like unique and interesting plants, this is one to add to your list. It blooms in early Spring. The flowers are interesting, and they eventually turn into "troll hair". The foliage is also interesting. I've heard that plant looks great when you plant a lot of them together, and I could definitely see that to be true. It's also a North American native plant, which is important if you like helping native wildlife.


On Jan 30, 2014, hitchingpost770 from COTOPAXI, CO wrote:

Grows well here in full sun with drip irrigation once a week. Rabbits don't like--amazing! Flowers twice a year. Minimal care.


On Nov 27, 2010, hillfarm from Quesnel, BC (Zone 4a) wrote:

Lovely little wildflower in the dry central interior of British Columbia. This plant is often grown in gardens, but I enjoy it in the wild in its natural habitat; a good reason to take a walk & scout out what's blooming. The seedheads are my favourite thing - showy & long lasting. Great plant. Zone 2 for sure, probably Zone 1 with some snow cover.


On Jan 20, 2010, Purplegoat from Ortonville, MI wrote:

I LOVE this plant. I am most familiar with it through a favorite vacation spot in SD, but I know that it does grow in MI (although now 'threatened'). I have always wanted to try some in our yard, and have finally gotten the courage to attempt germinating some. I know that it must have time in the fridge for awhile, as indicated. Any feedback on success stories would be most interesting to read.


On Feb 22, 2009, BeckyMcPherson from Valley, WA wrote:

We live between two small towns, Springdale and Valley, Washington. Our immediate area is evergreen forest, with space between for wildflowers. I first spotted the prairie smoke flowers several years ago, where the edge of the garden and woods meet. I was curious about it, and found it in a wildflower book. The deer seemed to shun this plant--until I started to prefer it, and pay attention to it--give it a little water. Then, it was eaten with relish by the deer. I've noticed this deer response over and over--if you like it, then they will come! Ha, ha.

This plant is definitely interesting, and I am glad to hear it can be transplanted.


On Jun 17, 2007, msbomar from Gettysburg, PA wrote:

We garden in zone 6. I have 3 year old prairie smoke plants. They have never "poofed" much. They flower well and spread generously, but they don't get the "bad hair day" look that is so charming about them. Also, one plant which seems ok in other ways is a lighter green and droops more quickly in heat.


On Apr 18, 2006, CaptMicha from Brookeville, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

I've successfully transplanted Geum triflorum into one of my mulched bed from a very generous plant trader.

The plants stayed evergreen throughout my zone 7b winter, successfully in our winter wet conditions. The foliage is a bit fuzzy and grows in a rosette.

This year they flowered and the buds seem to stay closed. The petals don't flare out. They started flowering in early spring, through spring frost and the flowers remain now, unfaded, which is April 18th.

I've found that the plants flower better and grow stronger in part sun, maybe even more sun, than the plants that were shaded by my Campanula.

Update 11/26/06

It's now fall and my plants are flowering again. Not as much as in the spring but I'm pretty happy ... read more


On Sep 20, 2004, nevrest from Broadview, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:

Beautiful early spring wildflower, that adds color for many weeks as first there are the deep pink flowers (as a kid we called them wild bleeding hearts), then the seed heads form and are pink and green then almost golden, they do indeed in a large group look like smoke over the land.


On Sep 19, 2004, julie88 from Muscoda, WI (Zone 4b) wrote:

Prairie Smoke grows wild here in Zone 4b in the margins of the sandy, reforested pine areas along the Wisconsin River. In the spring, it's not uncommon to find large, mostly shaded, areas covered with the pink, airy, hair-like flowers of this plant. When a person finally notices them, one can't help but stop and smile at their appearance. They have that "bad hair day-look," something like the little "troll" dolls that once were so popular. Quite an eye-opening experience.



On Mar 27, 2001, Ehowell from Weyburn, SK wrote:

This pretty little wildflower is native to Saskatchewan. In the SE part it is protected and we are not supposed to even pick the flowers. As the area was settled and the land was broken for farming many of the native plants disappeared. Now there are certain areas set aside to remain in their natural state. There is one such preserve on the edge of the city wher I live.(Weyburn, Sask. Can) It is called Tatagwa Parkway and we can wander about and see the native plants. We called these plants crocuses when we were kids and always took a bouquet home to mother.