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Polygonatum, Variegated Solomon's Seal, Fragrant Solomon's Seal, Striped Solomon's Seal 'Variegatum'

Polygonatum odoratum var. thunbergii

Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Polygonatum (po-lig-oh-NAY-tum) (Info)
Species: odoratum var. thunbergii
Cultivar: Variegatum
Synonym:Polygonatum japonicum
Synonym:Polygonatum thunbergii
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade


Grown for foliage


Good Fall Color


This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Meridianville, Alabama

Vincent, Alabama

Anchorage, Alaska

Elk Grove, California

Rancho Cordova, California

Hamden, Connecticut

Old Lyme, Connecticut

Washington, District of Columbia

Jacksonville, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia(2 reports)

Clarkesville, Georgia

Marietta, Georgia

Cherry Valley, Illinois

Godfrey, Illinois

Machesney Park, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Winnetka, Illinois

Carmel, Indiana

Greenville, Indiana

South Bend, Indiana

Fort Scott, Kansas

Goessel, Kansas

Barbourville, Kentucky

Hebron, Kentucky

Bordelonville, Louisiana

Mechanic Falls, Maine

Finksburg, Maryland

Ijamsville, Maryland

Salisbury, Maryland

Dracut, Massachusetts

Harwich, Massachusetts

North Chelmsford, Massachusetts

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Sharon, Massachusetts

Uxbridge, Massachusetts

Ann Arbor, Michigan

Lincoln Park, Michigan

Hopkins, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota(4 reports)

Natchez, Mississippi

Fordland, Missouri

Gainesville, Missouri

Piedmont, Missouri

Nashua, New Hampshire

Fanwood, New Jersey

Brooklyn, New York

Schenectady, New York

Selden, New York

Southold, New York

Yonkers, New York

Bessemer City, North Carolina

Charlotte, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina(3 reports)

Star, North Carolina

Bucyrus, Ohio

Cincinnati, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio

Coshocton, Ohio

Dublin, Ohio

Glouster, Ohio

West Chester, Ohio

Dallas, Oregon

Allentown, Pennsylvania

Elkins Park, Pennsylvania

Hummelstown, Pennsylvania

Indiana, Pennsylvania

Murrysville, Pennsylvania

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Pipersville, Pennsylvania

Wrightsville, Pennsylvania

Wynnewood, Pennsylvania

Inman, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina

Antioch, Tennessee

Christiana, Tennessee

Eads, Tennessee

Hixson, Tennessee

Pikeville, Tennessee

Austin, Texas

Decatur, Texas

Garland, Texas

Houston, Texas

Lewisville, Texas

Nacogdoches, Texas

Richmond, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Tyler, Texas

Essex Junction, Vermont

Leesburg, Virginia

Kalama, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Vancouver, Washington

Huntington, West Virginia

Liberty, West Virginia

Watertown, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 8, 2018, Ozarkmaid from Gainesville, MO wrote:

Excellent addition to any shade garden. It is very drought resistant, looks good from the first sign of spring through frosts in the fall. It spreads in a well-behaved manner. Its elegant, and a lovely, arching contrast to hostas and other shade companions. Whats not to love? It was growing at our house when we moved in, and im so glad to have it! I treat it shamefully, moving it around and dividing it whenever I want the space for a different plant, but it never objects, and cheerfully grows in whatever new space I throw it. One of my favorites.


On Apr 28, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A superb perennial for woodland/dry shade conditions. Graceful, elegant, and architectural. The flowers are a lovely bonus, but its main attractions are its foliage and its arching structure. Great for cutting.

Tough and durable, it grows well wherever hostas grow. Spreads slowly and not invasively. Can be divided any time, but most easily in the fall.

There are several variegated forms, but the one most commonly offered for sale is as pictured, with a narrow band of white on the edges of the leaves.

Both the rhizomes and the new shoots are said to be edible.


On Apr 28, 2014, vanislandgirl from Ladysmith, BC wrote:

I grow 5 different varieties of this plant. They do spread, slowing. But I liked that. They are a beautiful plant.


On May 28, 2012, schbren from Cobourg, ON,
Canada wrote:

I bought my "basic" Solomon's Seal at a flea market. It grew in my Zone 4a, eastern Ontario garden on shallow, very poor soil in full sun and it grew beautifully. It may have spread faster if had been in some shade. It's so graceful and a lovely addition to any herbaceous bed. Something, probably deer, occasionally bit the tip off the cluster of young leaves, but evidently didn't choose to eat any more of the plant. I have now moved to a different area, and thinking I would be able to buy a new plant I didn't bring a piece with me. Now I can't find a supplier. Any ideas?


On Mar 2, 2012, wakingdream from Allentown, PA wrote:

I lusted after this plant for a long time and bought it as a gift for myself upon my retirement. It has colonized a dry, dark area on the north side of my home, blooming reliably as it spreads. It has maintained its variegation as well as its attractiveness year after year. I wanted to share some divisions and found it to be forgiving and resilient when dug up in spring. Each piece sprouted and bloomed within 2 months of root disturbance (for potting and replanting). The dangling bells are delicate looking and decorative. Fall color is golden yellow. Overall Variegated Solomon's Seal is an eye-catching shade plant that thrives without extra water or fuss. Southeastern PA, zone 6.


On Jul 19, 2011, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Attractive plant for foliage. Takes a fair amount of sun. Blooms in April-May in my garden.


On Dec 29, 2010, rabbitsdiner from Carmel, IN wrote:

This is a plant that catalog photos don't do justice. It is so graceful and lovely in the woodland garden. It spreads very slowly in my amended clay. I keep it watered for now,it's just been in for a few years. It is supposed to be relatively drought resistant at maturity. I love plants that do well in dry shade! I haven't found it listed anywhere as deer resistant, but I have had great luck with it. The area I have it in is by a nature preserve and is ravaged by deer and rabbits. This has yet to be touched by them.


On Mar 22, 2009, imapigeon from Gilroy (Sunset Z14), CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

I love this plant! I've found it to be really low-maintenance. I have had it for about 3 years in a 12" pot that gets morning sun & afternoon shade. I typically water it about once a week during the growing season---a little more often during our triple-digit summers. I transplanted it when it was dormant last winter into a larger & sturdier container, and was concerned I might lose it; everything I've read says it doesn't like to be disturbed. Based on the vigorous spring growth I'm seeing, it likes its new home and the transplanting process didn't phase it! Blooms last for several weeks; the variegated foliage is lovely all summer. In addition, the golden fall color is beautiful and the leaves stay on until late in the season. When they fade, the stems just pull right out, so it'... read more


On Feb 1, 2009, enyeholt from Village of Port Clements,
Canada wrote:

I only wish to ask, do Deer eat this plant? I live on the Queen Charlotte Islands, coastal rainforest and the Deer are always eating things. Does anyone know. Just because it is poisonous to us doesn;t mean it is poison to deer.

Elaine Nyeholt


On Jan 14, 2009, SunnyBorders from Aurora, ON (Zone 5b) wrote:

Polygonatum odoratum var. thunbergii 'Variegatum' is sold as Polygonatum odoratum 'Variegatum'.


On Jun 4, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

Very lovely - one of the best plant for me - of course there are one little detail - they tend to wander like some other solomon's seal and leaves some spots empty which was full the year before while popping up into other perennial clumps.


On Apr 30, 2007, gdionelli from Huntington, WV (Zone 6a) wrote:

Spreads very slowly for me. I bought the plant several years ago - the variegated version. The past two years it has come up solid green - no variegation. Still pretty, though.


On Jun 20, 2006, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Beautiful plant. mine is planted inground, getting a couple of hours of afternoon sun. I believe it would spread more rapidly if I gave it more water, which I'm working on. Highly recommend. Kinda pricey in my neck of the woods.


On Jun 18, 2006, charlenenj from Fanwood, NJ wrote:

I just love this plant. I planted 2 in early Spring 2006 and it is so colorful (even without the flowers) and has such an interesting, clean form. I know this is supposed to be a shade plant, but mine get a decent amount of sun and I don't have leaf burn. The white flowers on the underside of the plant are pretty too, blooming here in Spring. I have no idea why this plant is not more popular around here.


On May 21, 2005, jestelleoan from Tyler, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

This plant grows well in East Texas. I have both variegated and plain. I have had mine for only a few months but it is comon here. It needs wet but well grained organic soil. My soil is very is very sandy so I add a lot of compost to it.


On May 21, 2005, sanity101 from Dublin, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Very attractive arching habit facilitates placing small plants beneath it if you desire. Leaves stay fresh and attractive all summer with very little care after initial establishment. Spreads slowly but consistantly. I have not noticed any fragrance.

(plants referenced are in clay/loam soil under part shade from deciduous trees and get watered regularly as part of a bed, though I doubt these actually need it)


On May 4, 2004, drayton from Spartanburg, SC (Zone 7b) wrote:

I am very excited about this plant, and it grows very well in Upper Carolinas, just difficult to find !
Planted next to Hosta and ferns, it's most lush and beautiful !


On Apr 19, 2004, Toxicodendron from Piedmont, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

I think I paid $10 for my initial pot of this plant...must have $100 worth now. This is planted in moist well- drained soil, in part sun. It stays fresh looking until late autumn and complements many other plants. There is a large bleeding heart nearby and they bloom together. I would highly recommend this plant for woodland gardens.


On May 22, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

I purchased a pot of this plant this spring, and love the variegated foliage in my new woodland garden.