Punica Species, Granate Apple, Pomegranate

Punica granatum

Family: Lythraceae (ly-THRAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Punica (PU-ni-kuh) (Info)
Species: granatum (gran-AH-tum) (Info)
Synonym:Punica florida
Synonym:Punica grandiflora
View this plant in a garden


Edible Fruits and Nuts


Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From hardwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow after last frost

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama

Ashland, Alabama

Eastaboga, Alabama

Tuskegee, Alabama

Phoenix, Arizona

Tempe, Arizona

Bostonia, California

Compton, California

Fallbrook, California(5 reports)

Fresno, California(2 reports)

Hesperia, California

Lathrop, California

Merced, California

Mission Viejo, California

Palm Springs, California

Perris, California

Spring Valley, California

Upland, California

Cape Coral, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Merritt Island, Florida

Miami, Florida

Ocoee, Florida

Rockledge, Florida

Williston, Florida

Culloden, Georgia

Mcdonough, Georgia

Wrightsville, Georgia

Plain Dealing, Louisiana

Florence, Mississippi

Las Vegas, Nevada

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Kure Beach, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Rowland, North Carolina

Wilsons Mills, North Carolina

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Medford, Oregon

Bluffton, South Carolina

Charleston, South Carolina

Clemson, South Carolina

Spartanburg, South Carolina

York, South Carolina

Alice, Texas

Austin, Texas

Boerne, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Garland, Texas

Little Elm, Texas

Mcallen, Texas

Medina, Texas

San Angelo, Texas

San Antonio, Texas(3 reports)

Seabrook, Texas

Spicewood, Texas

Spring Branch, Texas

Springtown, Texas

Saint George, Utah

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 4, 2010, Type_o_ from Compton, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

This tree was planted in the 1940's when the house was built.The soil is sandy in this area. It usually gets pruned lightly every year and aggressively every 3-4 years after harvest. The fruit seems to grow best on the 1 year old branches.
There have been as few as 30 and as many as 500 pomegranates on this tree over the 20 or so years that I have witnessed.
This tree blossoms as early as March, but most blossoms appear in May. Sometimes winds remove hundreds of blossoms and the ground is coated red with them.
The fruit is ripe just before Halloween, but may appear ripe in September. Neighborhood kids often pick them too early and tart and miss out on the true flavour.
Once ripened, the leaves turn yellow and began to drop. It will sit naked til spring, then ... read more


On Apr 8, 2010, iam_utopia from Yarmouth, NS (Zone 7a) wrote:

If sheltered from winter wind, pomegranate bushes can easily tolerate zone 6b. Mine are planted against a south facing brick wall. We hope to see fruiting this, their fifth year.
July 2011, on that south wall, one of three survived and is coming back well... I guess this winter had three nights at minus 17 celcius and a full day at minus 20 celcius (-4F) did too much damage to some of these plants' roots (these temps are definitely 6b temps).
My large specimen was covered by a temporary greenhouse and is doing fantastic!


On Apr 13, 2009, purplesun from Krapets,
Bulgaria (Zone 8a) wrote:

I love this tree and the fruit it yields. I've got two individuals in my garden in Krapets. Once, they got mowed over with a lawn mower but they regrew and have several stems now.
They grow in the light shade of some trees in the neighbour's yard and don't mind it. I can't wait for them to grow into maturity. They aren't the fastest growing of trees, however.
Pomegranates are hardier plants than are given credit for, I think. I've seen handsome examples in Budapest, Hungary; Plovdiv, Bulgaria; and all over the Bulgarian Black Sea coast.


On May 11, 2004, capartridgemd from Las Vegas, NV wrote:

This, too is my favorite fruit as someone posted above. Has anyone grown this tree in Boise Idaho? I've always had one since I was a kid, and would really like to plant a "grove" but my wife has limited me to two trees! Thanks.


On Apr 6, 2004, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

Pomegranate thrives in our climate. Here in the coastal area I see many strong plants blooming and bearing fruits all the year. They dont seem to mind our sandy soils, nor our burning sun.


On Jan 9, 2004, airren from Alabaster, AL (Zone 7b) wrote:

This is one of my favorite fruits - I've grown it in Los Angeles and am trying to get it to fruit in Alabama (with little luck). I use the juice for cooking. Here's my method: take the fruit in your hands and gently squash it, making sure not to rupture the skin - you can feel the inner seed beans getting squished. After you have made the fruit totally squishy, take a knife and make a small puncture in the fruit - make sure you have a bowl to drain the juice in. Continue squishing the fruit until most of the juice is in the bowl and it sort of falls apart. Enjoy!


On Dec 14, 2002, dpmichael from Rethymno, Crete,
Greece (Zone 10b) wrote:

This is a tree with many good aspects.

First, it grows with many stems and can take a lot of pruning to produce the result you like.
Then, the flowers are a brilliant red and they make a strong impression.

The fruit is wonderful, if you don't mind the pips. You can take the juice by cutting the fruit in half and squeezing it on a lemon squeezer - if you are more sophisticated, it will give you a very refreshing juice with a juice extractor, like that used for carrots.
You can dry the fruit in the sun and use it in a pot-pourri bowl or hang it on the door back with a garlic, some cinnamon sticks and a horseshoe for good luck. In the old times they used to break a pomegranate in front of the home entrance to ask for prosperity.
A hai-koo wri... read more


On Nov 22, 2002, wisdalf wrote:

The seeds, (the edible part is the flesh surrounding the seeds) are best removed by cutting the crown off, then scoring the skin in numerous places, then hold the fruit under water and break apart the fruit. The seeds sink and the leathery skin floats. The flesh around the seeds needs to be removed to dry the seeds as it can cause the seed to rot or mold. The fruit has been used as an astringent, diuretic, anthelmithic(wormer), and febrifuge(fever reducer). It is considered a mediteranean fruit, and most commercialy grown in the San Joaquin valley of California.
It can be grown from seed. Has survived temps down to 15 degrees F, although a frost after budding will cause it not to fruit.


On Oct 22, 2002, Wingnut from Spicewood, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Some people find it hard to figure out how to get this plant to produce fruit, but once you do, it'll produce for years. The way you eat the fruit is to break it open and suck the pulp off of the numerous seeds. There's probably, by mass, as many seeds as edible pulp, so many people find it more trouble than it's worth. I, on the other hand, LOVE the sweet-tart flavor ~ reminds me of my Grandma's tree.


On Aug 26, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Semi-deciduous (will lose some leaves) in zone 8. Grows quickly. Great for color all year, does produce fruit, some can get up to 15 feet tall. Prefers full sun.