Lungwort, Bethlehem Sage, Jerusalem Sage

Pulmonaria saccharata

Family: Boraginaceae
Genus: Pulmonaria (pul-muh-NARE-ee-ah) (Info)
Species: saccharata (sak-kar-RAY-tuh) (Info)
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade


Grown for foliage

Foliage Color:



12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Light Blue

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Littleton, Colorado

Mount Prospect, Illinois

Jeffersonville, Indiana

Sioux City, Iowa

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Dracut, Massachusetts

Mathiston, Mississippi

Sparks, Nevada

North Walpole, New Hampshire

Deposit, New York

Himrod, New York

Ithaca, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Columbus, Ohio

Lakewood, Ohio

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Wynnewood, Pennsylvania

York Haven, Pennsylvania

Bristow, Virginia

Forest, Virginia

Bellingham, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Fond Du Lac, Wisconsin

Muskego, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 14, 2010, shadydame from North Walpole, NH (Zone 5a) wrote:

I originally purchased 2 of these plants; they did so well in my shady garden that I purchased 3 more. The flowers alone are worth the cost, not to mention the outstanding spotted foliage! Lungwort has been incredibly easy to grow, and seems to self-sow; I found 4+ little plants growing near the original plants this spring alone, so there will be more lungwort in my garden this year! I did notice, after transplanting some of these out front (which is a sunnier location) that they tended to wilt more quickly if not kept moist.


On Dec 9, 2007, JaneDoeDoe from York Haven, PA wrote:

Lungwort is one of my favorite plants! I bought a small plant at a garden center, planted it and was happy with it's growth over several years. Then, disaster struck (or so I thought) when my neighbor had a pen of rabbits get out that ate my lungwort down until I thought I would lose it -- but my photo shows the following year's comeback. Amazing!


On Mar 22, 2007, Bellisgirl from Spokane, WA wrote:

Ive had this plant for many years; my plant originaly came from a start from my grandmothers garden. Lungwort is a low, mounding perennial that has unusual, and very ornamental, spotted foliage. The adorable flowers open pink, change to purple, then finnaly turn a pritty blue. I devide my plant every few years to keep it healthy.


On Apr 15, 2005, nevadagdn from Sparks, NV (Zone 7a) wrote:

Pulmonarias grow well for me, once established. We have hot summer days, cool summer nights, erratic falls and springs (any and all weather conditions prevail) and cold, dry winters. I plant them in clay to clay loam soil, give them average water and not quite full shade.


On Apr 15, 2005, Breezymeadow from Culpeper, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

This is a lovely plant that in time will cover the ground with it's unusual silver-spotted leaves in semi-shady, well-draining but moist, areas. The tiny clear pink & clear blue flowers in the spring, both colors present on the same plant at the same time, only add to the delight.

Common name "Lungwort" came from it's medicinal use ages ago, where it was thought that the spotted leaves resembled diseased lungs, & thus could cure diseases of that organ. Today it is considered & used as an ornamental in shade gardens, or as an interesting ornamental addition to an old-time medicinal herb garden, which is how I discovered it. It is by far one of my favorites of the old-time medicinals, many of which aren't very garden-worthy from an attractive viewpoint.


On Apr 14, 2005, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Foliage appears to have paint splattered on it. Adorable. Flowers are dainty and trumpet-shaped. Prefers moist soil and partial to full shade.


On Aug 8, 2003, Ladyfern from Jeffersonville, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

The silvery variegation really lights up the shade garden. The way the flowers turn color is so cute. Can not tolerate much sun or drought. I love this little plant.


On Jul 17, 2003, SunshineSue from Mississauga, ON (Zone 6a) wrote:

Very attractive plant for full to part shade grown mainly for the foliage which can be mottled or speckled green & white. Flowers in early spring with small white or pale pink blooms. Benefits from being cut-back if it gets floppy. Lovely with Hosta, Creeping Jenny/Moneywort, Impatiens. Has about a 12" to 14" spread & grows about 10" to 12" high.


On Mar 19, 2003, CanadaGoose from Oakville, ON (Zone 5b) wrote:

Absolutely charming plant for spring. The blue and pink flowers on the same stem are unusual and very attractive. The spotted foliage provides interest once the flowers are finished. Will keep flowering for quite a long time if dead headed frequently.


On Jan 19, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

There are many named cultivars in existence. Pulmonarias readily re-seed and sport, making them easy to experiment with.


On Apr 26, 2001, kat7 from Bloomingdale, NJ (Zone 6a) wrote:

slvery spotted leaves
'Mrs Moon'-flowers open pink and turn blue