Angelica Species, Giant Angelica, Korean Angelica, Purple Angelica, Purple Parsnip

Angelica gigas

Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Angelica (an-JEL-ee-kuh) (Info)
Species: gigas (JY-gas) (Info)




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:



4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Medium Purple

Dark Purple/Black

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Huntsville, Alabama

Willow, Alaska

Morrilton, Arkansas

Fairfield, California

San Jose, California

Denver, Colorado

Boise, Idaho

Bardstown, Kentucky

Prospect, Kentucky

West Stockbridge, Massachusetts

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Traverse City, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota(3 reports)

Marietta, Mississippi

Belton, Missouri

Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey

Jamesburg, New Jersey

Pequannock, New Jersey

Chappaqua, New York

East Greenbush, New York

Lake Placid, New York

Schenectady, New York

Clyde, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Galena, Ohio

Millrift, Pennsylvania

Ottsville, Pennsylvania

Quakertown, Pennsylvania

Providence, Rhode Island

Austin, Texas

Bellaire, Texas

Hood, Virginia

Seattle, Washington

Vancouver, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 3, 2017, Shellm from Minneapolis, MN wrote:

This plant showed up in my garden this spring and continued to grow and grow with those beautiful large leaves. Suddenly pods started to form and no one knew what it was. The beautiful purple blooms appeared and a fellow at our National Night Out identified it for me. I live in a suburb of Minneapolis, MN and hope it will survive the winter. Would a seed arrive through the wind, by a bird? Anyone know?


On May 4, 2017, hansenra from Minneapolis, MN wrote:

Can anyone recommend a good companion plant? I'm getting stuck on what to put next to this.


On Jan 4, 2017, Loretta_NJ from Pequannock, NJ (Zone 6b) wrote:

Foliage is green.


On Aug 10, 2014, ninamarieak from Willow, AK wrote:

Grows well in southcentral Alaska; zones 3-5. Not a biennial here though, its a three year version. In case I missed it, does it have a three year cycle in other locations. Just wanted to get Alaska on the list as one of the places it grows well.


On Sep 16, 2013, JenDion from Litchfield, NH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Large plant, with bold foliage and even more bold flower heads. Always gets attention. Bees (and Grasshoppers) love the flowers. My garden won't be without it!


On Nov 8, 2009, VA_GARDEN from Hood, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

I put this plant in some time before 1995. A flood in 1995 wiped out the section of the garden where it was planted. Several years later I finally rehabilitated that area, and this spectacular plant reappeared. Bumblebees are absolutely crazy about the blooms, as are many other insect pollinators. It isn't unusual too see 5 or 6 bumblebees on each flower head. It is a biennial for me, and self seeds modestly. Seedlings are easy to transplant if you catch them when they're still small. It thrives in moist soil at the edges of my woodland garden, and at 5 or 6 feet really makes a statement. It is also a great cut flower, lasting a good 2 weeks in a vase.


On Aug 27, 2005, jgaughran from Chappaqua, NY wrote:

I am embarrassed to say that I don't remember planting these plants, but they are so beautiful. Almost medieval looking, or like something from an Aubrey Beardsley drawing. Tall, elegant and a little odd. I hope they self-seed for me, as I'd like to see very many more of them. Will also try to winter sow them this winter. I have them in a woodland garden, where their maroon umbrels look lovely near a bloodgood japanese maple. They'd also look nice at the back of a border.


On Sep 2, 2003, janner wrote:

I acquired this plant three years ago at a horticultural society sale. It has been transplanted once when we moved.(It has acted as a perennial for me - I have not removed seed heads and so far it has not self-sown).It was in full shade at our old house and is in part shade now and doing well. Any reading I have done suggests moist soil however I am in southern Ontario, Canada and the angelica has been subject to heat and drought and is still thriving. It is an interesting addition to my perennial garden and illicits many comments.


On Sep 20, 2002, welshherblady from Isle of Anglesey,North Wales,
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

In the UK- grown from seed easily and planted in Herb Field - has grown very well and self seeds readily! To collect seed - await until seedheads are dry and collect in brown paper bag- label and store in cool dark place until needed.
Very attractive plant.


On May 29, 2001, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

This angelica species is a Native to China and Korea. It grows up to 6 feet tall with diamond shaped leaflets forming leaves 24 inches long. Stems are dark purple in color and the blooms are a dense umbel of rich purple flowers. Plants are biennial and prefer a rich soil in partial shade. If spent blooms are left to mature self sown seedlings will appear the following year. Removal of the spent blooms increases the chances of the parent plant returning after winter