Campanula Species, Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, June Bell

Campanula rapunculoides

Family: Campanulaceae (kam-pan-yew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Campanula (kam-PAN-yoo-luh) (Info)
Species: rapunculoides (rap-un-kul-OY-deez) (Info)
Synonym:Campanula azurea
Synonym:Campanula chysnysuensis
Synonym:Campanula contracta
Synonym:Campanula elegans
Synonym:Campanula glabricarpa



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anchorage, Alaska (3 reports)

Juneau, Alaska

Denver, Colorado (2 reports)

Fort Collins, Colorado

Cornwall Bridge, Connecticut

Carrollton, Georgia

Moscow, Idaho

Buffalo Grove, Illinois

Waukegan, Illinois

Wheaton, Illinois

Iowa City, Iowa

Portland, Maine

Halifax, Massachusetts

West Yarmouth, Massachusetts

Worcester, Massachusetts

Detroit, Michigan

Hibbing, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota (2 reports)

Saint Paul, Minnesota (2 reports)

Helena, Montana

Lincoln, Nebraska

Epsom, New Hampshire

Santa Fe, New Mexico

Rochester, New York

Rome, New York

Fargo, North Dakota

Haviland, Ohio

Chiloquin, Oregon

Salem, Oregon

Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

Quakertown, Pennsylvania

Conway, South Carolina

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Arlington, Virginia

Blacksburg, Virginia

Fredericksburg, Virginia

Seattle, Washington (2 reports)

Spokane, Washington

Beaver Dam, Wisconsin

Eau Claire, Wisconsin

Ellsworth, Wisconsin

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Sheridan, Wyoming

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 25, 2015, Adolan77 from Malden, MA wrote:

While generally invasive I have found my dry, sandy, highly acidic soil keeps it check - this year I actually had a lot of it die off of its own accord.


On Jul 14, 2015, crayondoom from Fargo, ND (Zone 4a) wrote:

I can see why many people hate this plant, but here in Fargo, ND it is not entirely unwelcome. Many people have it in perennial beds and suffer no ill consequence. Perhaps our winters are just too severe for it. While it does grow wild I wouldn't consider it invasive here as establish lawns and gardens seem to have no problems keeping it at bay. It will pop up where soil has been disturbed.


On Jun 4, 2015, Janeathan from Fort Collins, CO wrote:

In my Colorado neighborhood we call this plant The Bane of Old Town. It grows early and everywhere, pushes through thick layers of mulch, and chokes out (almost) every other plant, including grass in your lawn. I am a natural gardener and am battling it with tough, early growing, bush-forming perennials and constant pulling. Do NOT let it seed. For example, I now have grown a big bush of Garden Sage that's created a Campanula-free zone. Sedum groundcovers and sweet woodruff are also making thick mats that keep it out. Yarrow pops up thick and early too to beat it. And I let my Centaura Montana sprout up everywhere to out-compete the Campanula. Adding this year to my most Campanula-choked spot: invasive Peppermint!


On May 20, 2015, altagardener from Calgary, AB (Zone 3b) wrote:

Many, possibly, most, people who are battling this heinous weed are only digging up and removing the thin, delicate rhizomes that run shallowly underground and link up the mass of what appear to be individual plants. These very thin rhizomes are actually connected to white, carrot-like roots that are very deeply buried. Successfully eradication depends on digging deeply enough to remove the main, carrot-like roots.

No knowledgeable gardener would ever intentionally grow this species, nor pass it along to anyone else.


On Apr 22, 2015, DonnaMack from Elgin, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

I have been in my new garden for three years. The first year I had a few of this plant, and was charmed, the second year I started pulling it out because it was increasing too much. This year it is rampant and threatening other plants. It is growing in great clumps. I am sorry that I did not control it earlier. I am trying to control it now by digging it out, which worked with lily of the valley, but this is more relentless.

I wold not advise allowing this plant to get out of control. The only way to do that, I think, is not to plant it or put it in a container.


On Jul 19, 2014, Knitwitch from Nova Scotia,
Canada wrote:

We bought this house in 2011 and as soon as the ground was thawed in spring 2012 I started battle with this demon. I am losing. There's just always MORE! I could weep. That said, I had no idea what it was just that there was an obnoxious amount of it every spring and I am always removing it so that I can build and maintain gardens. This year I finally let some flower and saw what I was dealing with. The horror...the horror... Its in the vegetable patch, flower beds, lawn fence comes out from under the sun porch and deck.. Its just EVERYWHERE and I can't seem to reduce it by hand. I thought ox eye daisies and buttercup were bad but this is a whole new level.


On Jul 6, 2014, WhoKillsRampion from Anchorage, AK wrote:

I will let others speak of the evil nature of this species.
I have been half-heartedly trying to control these things for a couple of years.
However, this year, I have mounted an all-out offensive against them.
1. Digging is effective if you can dig, but you must carefully sift every cubic inch of dirt and get EVERY SINGLE ROOT THREAD. I had a small bed in which it was growing that was bordered by 6 feet of concrete. I dug out to about 12 inches and got every single little turnip and root thread. No regrowth after 4 years.
2. When digging is not an option. I have a lot of these buggers growing around mature trees, so I can't dig. Here's my plan for the "no dig" area: Scorched earth and starvation.

First, scorch. Find something that will kill off t... read more


On May 20, 2014, cats2garden from Rome, NY,
United States wrote:

Those of you who rate it as Neutral and are charmed by its prettiness will very soon be overwhelmed by its invasive an uncontrollable nature. Kill it. Use harsh chemicals. Do whatever you have to do or it will completely take over your garden, lawn, and neighborhood. You cannot dig it out. Other plants will not control it. It will take over. Don't be fooled. Just kill it wherever and whenever you can. And DO NOT GIVE IT AWAY!


On May 27, 2013, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

In North America, this is an insidious weed, one whose true nature takes several years to reveal itself. I would never plant this in any situation, nor would I give it to my worst enemy.

I have found that, with care and persistence, it can be controlled with 2% glyphosate, most effective when applied in late spring (early May in Boston) just before it sends up its flower scapes---that's when it has the most leafy basal foliage to take up the herbicide. Timing is CRITICAL for success---the basal foliage disappears once it starts sending up its flower stalks. Eradicating it may require repeated applications over several successive years---don't be too hasty in planting another perennial in the same spot. For success, you'll have to sacrifice any other perennials which it has e... read more


On May 26, 2013, Sailgirlsue from Anchorage, AK wrote:

I bought this plant at a nursery. It was pretty, but it is monster in disguise. It is highly invasive. I spend most of my time in my perennial beds doing battle with this plant. It spreads by seed and underground. It overwhelms other plants and kills them. I have had it for four years. Where there were once three plants there are now hundreds. There is no way to get rid of it once it takes hold. If you value your perennials you will not buy this plant and put it in your garden. It was a huge mistake that I regret every summer.


On Aug 24, 2012, 123fore from Falmouth, VA wrote:

found it easy to control and what a delightful show of blue! When given good soil it is a majestic tall plant.


On Jun 28, 2012, anolha from Lake Hallie, WI wrote:

I hate this plant! It is so invasive I have yet to find a way to get rid of it. I have pulled it, dug it and removed roots 2 feet down when small and big and still it grows back. I have tried weed killers and that hasn't worked. It is spreading throughout my yard. I would never give this plant to anyone.


On Oct 15, 2011, raymodj from Minneapolis, MN wrote:

Don't do it! I moved into this house 6 years ago and didn't have much time for yard work, and the bellflowers on the side of the house looked nice (and harmless). 2 years ago I finished all the inside work (remodelling kitchen, bathroom, stripping and staining woodwork, etc) and was finally able to do more than just a quick mow. During my quick mows, I did see the bellflower was spreading along the fence, but I figured I could deal with them later. Of course "later" I found this bellflower all over my entire yard, even jumped the sidewalk by growing in the crack, and is now in both neighbors yards! I'm digging up roots the size of carrots, but after 2 years work, I'm MAYBE a little better off than when I started, but just barely. How hard it is to kill? The first 4 years here, I rak... read more


On Aug 6, 2011, flybynyte from Webster, SD (Zone 4a) wrote:

i have this plant growing all over the place---and, have no idea where it came from. growing in peonies, bee balm, coneflowers, and on and on. i have been pulling this invasive plant for years now. it just keeps returning.


On Jul 5, 2011, garbanzito from Denver, CO (Zone 5a) wrote:

in our dry Denver garden this bellflower wanders a bit but only finds success in a few areas under a pine tree and in a large iris bed; it is a little scraggly, but pleasant to look at when clumped; only mildly aggressive and doesn't take away as much as it gives


On Jun 14, 2011, alborada from Finksburg, MD wrote:

Whoops! My mother in law gave me a few plants and I put them in my little 5 x 20 foot bed... and thought they were a veronica type. But nooooooo, they came up with these beautiful bell flowers and at first I was happy, then I got on here and a) identified them and b) read these horror stories! Thankfully they have only been in the ground about 6 weeks and they are coming out today and going into a POT. They are too pretty to just throw out and I don't mind deadheading. I just hope that 6 weeks is not enough time for the roots to get spunky.


On May 23, 2011, nanton from Nanton,
Canada wrote:

This pretty-yet-evil plant sat quietly in my zone 3 garden for about 5 years while secretly organizing an underground army which it released this spring. It is now all through my perennial bed, and I saw it in many lawns as I walked around town today. I spent hours yesterday trying to dig out its long white tubers from among all the plants, and imagine it will take many more hours this summer. If you rototill, it will just enable it to spread even further and faster by cutting the roots into tiny soldiers, multiplying like crazy. I will be painting Round-up or some other glyphosate-containing variation on leaves I can't dig out. Do not let this plant fool you.


On Apr 21, 2011, nunaya from Woburn, MA wrote:

O.M.G. I've never encountered anything like this. The comments that refer to it as the "cancer of the garden", "aliens", and nightmares are all dead on. I've dealt with invasives with success in the past, using organic methods, even, but this beast cannot be bested. Pull one plant, and two will grow in its place- literally.
And, yes, how is it that a vendor actually has this plant for sale here? Yikes. Don't buy it, don't take it for free, build a moat.


On Apr 14, 2011, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Very invasive and hard to completely kill off.


On Jun 22, 2010, sandlefoot from Alliance, NE wrote:

A friend of mine went for a walk to take a break from work. She came back with a handful of "pretty blue flowers". I screamed, "Bluebells!" Anyway I've completely dug spots out of our garden, going down 2 feet, thrown away all the dirt, put in new and next year they're back happy as can be. The roots are like super carrots that go down to China! ( I have heard they're edible.) Bad stuff!


On Jun 21, 2010, seattleboo from Seattle, WA wrote:

I have recently renovated a small garden in Seattle that had been ignored for a number of years. It was my introduction to C. rapunculoides which had spread to cover large areas of the beds. This garden has good, loose soil which certainly agrees with this invasive. It spreads with stolons and develops carrot-sized or larger tubers. I have dug out hundreds and must re-weed on a weekly basis to cull resprouts. In short, it is a very adaptable, aggressive invasive that requires meticulous removal efforts to defeat. Sharing this plant with anyone would be cruel indeed and your reward for enjoying its small bellflowers will be a future garden devoted to it. Eradicate if at all possible.


On Jun 9, 2010, ottawagrower from Ottawa,
Canada wrote:

This is a horrible plant. I have tried and tried to get rid of it. Goutweed was easy in comparison. Please do not plant it. You will regret it.


On May 2, 2010, kelkel from Juneau, AK wrote:

Digging, Digging, digging, with hopes it will work. I laughed so hard reading the previous posts. It's awful. yes, dreams. It wears on me the work that I have to do. I saw one Alaska gardeners site that said the the weed killer Roundup will kill but you have to carefully apply it to the plant, and I'm not sure how, maybe with a paint brush. But I've been digging yesterday and last fall, and about 2 weeks ago. The rhizomes look like white longish raddishes or carrots and they are deep and then when you finally pull, you think that maybe the tip of it is still way down there. I have been sifting through my fingers even the tiniest hair-like roots. It's great when you can carefully keep the rhizomes together. it is tedious and gentle work, if you want to get it all, but one site I have says t... read more


On Apr 28, 2010, Michellekre from Woodstock, IL wrote:

I planted 3 small plants in a 25'X12' bed 8 years ago and it has taken over at least 70% of the flower bed!


On Nov 9, 2009, ricochetvigil from Santa Fe, NM wrote:

I too thought this was a lovely, tall flower. That is, until I realized, all too late, just how invasive this flower is. I spent the better part of last week shovelling and screening an area to remove any and all of its root system. This plant loves to spread via this manner. I will let everyone know just how effective this method is next spring. I think its also known as adenophora liliifolia too or false campanula.


On Jul 1, 2009, woodflower from Portland, OR wrote:

This plant is somewhat invasive. It will overtake less vigorous neighbors and the roots are easily transplanted. All the same, a beautiful plant that performs well. It is probably best kept as a container plant.


On Jun 3, 2009, Ecotones from Winnipeg,
Canada wrote:

This plant is EVIL... it chokes out everything in it's path. I have a large native shade garden, and have been selectively weeding it out weekly for 3 years with little success. The bellflower invaded from neighbours seed (and presumably some resistant rhysomes) shortly after the beds were established. To my amazement... the round-up used to prep the site didn't kill the root stock... it only freed it from competition.

PLEASE... PLEASE... PLEASE... DON'T INTRODUCE THIS MENACE TO YOUR NEIGHBOURHOOD. There are many resiliant and longer-flowering alternatives to use in your garden.


On Jun 2, 2009, kmenzel from Saint Paul, MN wrote:

This has to be one of the most persistent, horrible weeds out there. I spent several hours with three friends trying to clear it from a fairly small area this afternoon, where it had become happily established, choking out everything else. It is extremely difficult to dig out, forming what I call "the mother ship," a big tuberous root mass that seems to store infinite energy to send out new leaves, no matter how many times you dig out what's above ground. I have one patch I've been religiously de-leafing for 10 years with no luck killing it. It may trick you with its pretty purple flowers, but if this monster ever makes it into your yard and you have any other plants you want to grow, you will be very, very sorry! You will forever have nightmares of purple flowers. The fact that some peopl... read more


On May 18, 2009, anelson77 from Seattle, WA wrote:

This plant often "volunteers" in weedy places in Seattle. I suspect it of being an invasive exotic with potential to overrun native wildflowers and would never plant it.


On Apr 24, 2009, holeth from Corpus Christi, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Despite its bad habits, I'm enticed by its beauty & the constant buzzing of critters. It's great as a cutting flower. I often give them as gifts in bouquets. I know that I shouldn't grow it, and yet I can't get myself to completely give it up... Native bees feed on its pollen. Doesn't that count for something?

When I was about 13, I found mine growing out of a crack of pavement. It was a single stem of 6-8 blossoms leaping from a tiny rosette. It was adorable and slated for the weed whacker or the next parallel park job. I'd seen true bellflowers in my Heidi book, and I instantly wanted it in my garden. This was no hosta or Virginia bluebell. This was the real McCoy.

There were no other plants around to ask someone exactly what kind it was or where ... read more


On Jul 18, 2008, meblum from Denver, CO wrote:

We call it "cancer of the garden" in the Rocky Mountain area.


On Oct 28, 2007, Gardenerplus from Middlebury, VT wrote:

If I never saw this plant again I would be happy. Here in the Champain Valley of Vermont it is worse than mint with a tap root that can be a foot long. As a professional gardener I spend more time trying to eradicate this plant than any other by organic means. I love plants, gardening is my passion and my job, but I do not like Adenophora Liliifolia.


On Mar 18, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Medium 18" - Plant 12" apart. Zone 3-8 Purple-blue nodding flower bells from late summer into the fall. Light green foliage with dark stems. Chinese native. Spreads rapidly.


On Mar 2, 2007, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, June Bell Campanula rapunculoides is Naturalized in Texas and other States.


On Aug 15, 2006, whirlybird from Portland, ME wrote:

This plant was in the garden when we bought our house a year ago. I love blue flowers, and bumblebees love it too. It blooms at the same time as, and gives a nice contrast to, orange daylilies (ditch lilies, not anything you'd spend money on) which were also here -- but everything everyone has said about its invasiveness and refusal to be rooted out of the garden is absolutely true. It actually grew up through a small hosta and is crowding into everything in a raised bed. I plan to keep weeding it, add mulch, and plant wildflower perennials like yarrow and Joe Pye weed to this particular area of the garden, so we'll see what a little competition will do.


On May 31, 2006, picante from Helena, MT (Zone 4b) wrote:

It takes over flower beds and lawns. The more you pull it, the more it grows. It has breached 12 layers of newsprint (sheet mulch) in my yard. If you have the time to dig up all the tubers (the white carrots), you can make a dent in it. I rototilled along our fence where it was thick, and it has come in strong right next to the strip I tilled (meaning it has invaded the lawn).


On Sep 19, 2005, Ursula from Santiago,
Chile (Zone 9b) wrote:

Mine started blooming in late Winter. I'm in a zone 9b.


On Jun 26, 2005, kbaumle from Northwest, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

We just dug some of this out of the ditch across from our neighbor's house and planted it. I have a wildflower garden that I put all of my 'free' plants in that we find in the woods, along the roadside, etc. We'll see how it does in a 'controlled' environment. I appreciate the 'invasive' warning. I'll keep an eye on it.


On Jun 1, 2005, Vanmo from Rochester, NY wrote:

This plant is terribly invasive. It was growing in a corner of my yard when I moved here 7 years ago, and it has spread about 6 feet outward since then, in spite of my weeding it out. Tonight I kept digging at roots until I found some large tap roots at the center. I felt like a hero burning Dracula's casket. I know this isn't the end, though. There are more evil spawn out there to conquer.


On Apr 13, 2005, bc336 from Boulder, CO wrote:

Where I live In Colorado, as in most of western & north central US (and parts of Canada), this plant is considered an invasive weed. Yes, I do believe it is beautiful, and yes, it is very easy to grow. A quick Google search will reveal a lot. Unless you live in Europe, I encourage you to research more about this plant before allowing it to enter your life.


On Nov 12, 2004, lmelling from Ithaca, NY (Zone 5b) wrote:

The member who said these were invasive was right - they can be, unless moved when young. I generally dig up the young plants in early spring when I'm doing my first weeding of the season. Pot them up and take the babies to our annual plant sale or plant them elsewhere. Still, I occasionally still get them popping up where they're not wanted. But the flowers are beautiful and long lasting - so they're worth the bother.

They like partial to full sun and moist but well drained soil. I've seen mine wilt during droughts, so keep watered if you are getting less than average rainfall. Wet conditions (as we had this year) don't seem to bother them.


On Jul 26, 2004, Becko from Landmark,
Canada wrote:

I enjoy this flower's constant bloom, and it fills in where I have holes.


On Jul 15, 2004, conniecola from Lincoln, NE wrote:

I like this plant, and have never had any trouble with it choking out other plants. It's been in my garden for 2-3 years now. I live in zone 5. Maybe after it's been in my garden longer it will become invasive, and I will have to get rid of it, but so far, so good!


On Jul 14, 2004, joeleahy from Crofton, MD wrote:

I found Creeping Bellflower (Campanula rapunculoides) growing wild in a meadow near Cortland NY this week (August 2004). I used the field guide by Peterson & McKenny A Field Guide to Wildflowers to id it since it was new to me. The field guide says the style is long, straight, and white. In the flowers I saw and the photos on this website show a purple or lavendar colored style, definitely not white. Is Peterson wrong or is the purple-colored style a different variety?


On Nov 27, 2003, daredevil from Niagara Falls, NY (Zone 6a) wrote:

It's considered a weed here in zone 6 NY. I have been battling it since I moved here 18 years ago and don't believe I will ever get it out of the hedge. It is included in the R.T. Peterson Field Guide to Wildflowers as "alien" and it always reminds me of the movie ALIEN -- that one was hard to kill, too.


On Nov 24, 2003, echoes from South of Winnipeg, MB (Zone 3a) wrote:

This is the perfect plant for the lazy gardener. Put this in your yard and soon you won't have to look after any other plants. If it's this invasive in zone 3, imagine what it can do for you in a warmer zone. It's a magic plant, coming up everywhere and returning where you thought you had killed it all. This plant is considered a weed of the worst kind by gardeners in my area.


On Sep 15, 2003, imshl12 from Epsom, NH wrote:

This plant is invasive for those with a small plot of land! Here in New Hampshire USA, it blooms for months! In fact, it even survives several frosts! I highly recommend it for those who have a large area and do not want a lot of upkeep! It takes care of itself and reseeds splendidly!

It grows in both poor soil or good soil I have never watered any of them, never weeded them and they always look great! For ten years they have grown here without protection from the harsh winds on a cliff!


On Jul 4, 2003, JanFRN from St. Albert,
Canada wrote:

These are almost impossible to get rid of. They have taproots, and Roundup acts like Miracle Gro! I saw them at a plant nursery recently and couldn't believe people PAY for them!


On May 30, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Starting in mid spring, flowers appear on thin stalks. Lavender and bell-shaped, with 5 pointed bracts, with the majority of petals on one side of the plant's stalk.

Leaves are narrow, toothed. Lower leaves wider and heart-shaped.

This plant can be invasive; plant where it will not crowd other plants.

Background: A common name for Creeping Bellflower in Europe is Rampion, which comes from the plant's Latin name. Rampion figures prominently in Old World fairy tales.

Rapunzel is named after the flower, and her exile to the tower is a witch's punishment to the girl's father, who stole rampion from her magic garden to help his wife in childbirth. In another story, a maid who digs up a rampion plant discovers a staircase that leads... read more