Flowering Quince

Chaenomeles japonica

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Chaenomeles (kee-no-MAY-leez) (Info)
Species: japonica (juh-PON-ih-kuh) (Info)
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Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From hardwood cuttings

By simple layering

By tip layering

By serpentine layering

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Fayetteville, Arkansas

Morrilton, Arkansas

Fullerton, California

Merced, California

San Leandro, California

Sausalito, California

Bailey, Colorado

Danielsville, Georgia

Orland, Indiana

Arkansas City, Kansas

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Mathiston, Mississippi

Aurora, Missouri

Reno, Nevada

Neptune, New Jersey

Bessemer City, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Grants Pass, Oregon

Sherwood, Oregon

Derry, Pennsylvania

Monroeville, Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Charleston, South Carolina

Lawrenceburg, Tennessee

Belton, Texas

Livingston, Texas

Leesburg, Virginia

Madison, Wisconsin

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 22, 2010, Allison303 from Derry, PA wrote:

I have this ornamental shrub in my yard and it is original to our house, so this makes it around 102 years old. Two sides of the house are surrounded by these quince; it's like having a fortress of thorns. While directions always say to hand prune the shrub I have been cutting them with clippers for years and have never had difficulties with spring blooms. My shrubs have become very dense, supply large fruits and have beautiful blooms come spring.


On Jan 11, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

There are many named cultivars of flowering quince which do not come true from seed. The unimproved species can be readily increased by seed, if necessary. This shrub roots so readily from almost any means that an almost unlimited number of new plants can be obtained in a few weeks.

Pruning should be kept to a minimum as it forms buds immediately after flowering for the following year. If necessary, remove branches rather than by shearing. Grown close together, this forms a very dense thorny privacy hedge.