Jujube Species, Chinese Date, Common Jujube, Korean Date, Red Date

Ziziphus jujuba

Family: Rhamnaceae
Genus: Ziziphus (ZIZ-ih-fuss) (Info)
Species: jujuba (JOO-joo-buh) (Info)
Synonym:Rhamnus zizyphus
Synonym:Ziziphus zizyphus


Edible Fruits and Nuts


Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From woody stem cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Atmore, Alabama

Congress, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Scottsdale, Arizona

Tucson, Arizona

Hemet, California

Lake Isabella, California

Long Beach, California

Oildale, California

Orange, California

Pomona, California

Sacramento, California

San Diego, California

Grand Junction, Colorado

Hampton, Florida

Loxahatchee, Florida

Merritt Island, Florida

Rockledge, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Kenner, Louisiana

Lansing, Michigan

Martin, Michigan

O Fallon, Missouri

New Brunswick, New Jersey

Alamogordo, New Mexico

Las Cruces, New Mexico

Fuquay Varina, North Carolina

Waverly, Ohio

Saylorsburg, Pennsylvania

Sevierville, Tennessee

Abilene, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Hereford, Texas

Houston, Texas

Kerrville, Texas

La Porte, Texas

Mount Enterprise, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Spicewood, Texas

South Jordan, Utah

Mineral, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 10, 2018, Stan_in_NJ from Trenton, NJ wrote:

This tree appears to be aggressively "invasive" in hot dry climates. In New Jersey, from 3 trees (Lang, Li, and Sherwood) all minimum 15' tall, I've had 3 root suckers in the last year. Not a problem! They do put out very long surface and tap roots -- they've Rhamnaceae after all, and can regenerate from their roots only to original height in 1 year after destruction by brush fire, allegedly. Other fruiting species clone out, too -- sumac and paw paw among them: just prune them off at ground level, or subsurface-barrier and maintain as a thicket, perhaps (but your fruiting will be reduced). Considering their long attached roots, you might be able to chop them out and revive them as rootstocks -- but why bother if seeds are available? Cherry and Apple rootstocks will rootsucker if injured, ... read more


On Sep 6, 2018, yrrej from El Paso, TX wrote:

Next door neighbor here in El Paso has some. Produce lots of fruit and also invasive to appearances although their front yard is covered with cement. Planted one in my yard and watered it all summer. Has almost no leaves and hasnt grown an inch. The substrate is mostly rock and caliche. That and the extremely dry soil apparently keep this tree in check here regardless of how invasive it is in in Las Cruces or Alamogordo.


On Feb 19, 2018, TEDW789 from San Diego, CA wrote:

bought a property that had this tree removed. but its suckers and roots run all over the property. i have tried uprooting as much as i can find. while it hasn't sprouted anything in a couple of years, i'm still digging up live roots. like others have said, "invasive" is an understatement.
don't plant this thing unless you want it around forever.


On Mar 1, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

If you're growing this for the fruits, there are cultivars with much larger and tastier fruits than those of seed-grown trees.

This species has naturalized from Arizona to South Carolina.


On Mar 22, 2015, greenman62 from Kenner, LA (Zone 9a) wrote:

someone gave me 3 of them about 8 inches tall.
i had put one in the ground, and the other 2 in 5 gallon containers
the one in-ground is now 6ft tall
and the others are about 12 to 16 inches tall
all 3 have produced fruit, but, only a couple per plant
i have only had them 18 months or so though.

The one in-ground hasnt produced any suckers yet,
perhaps because the ground is fairly moist there
i hear they prefer well draining soil.

they do have thorns, but , i took a pair of scissors
and cut them off of the bigger plant
because i walk by it all the time
and they were getting stuck on my shirt
and scratched my arm a couple of times.
looking for a thornless type to plant next to it... read more


On Feb 23, 2014, malakai from Hampton, FL wrote:

I acquired a seedling jujube plant after failing to get seeds propagated, mainly to help pollinate a grafted semi self-fertile jujube variety. For the first three years, the plant died down to the ground every winter, coming back up, to about 8' or so before dying back down again. About a year or two back, the freezes stopped killing it down to the ground, and even though it flowers every year and produces fruit, obviously self fertile, it flowers in a totally different season than my grafted one. The fruit gets to somewhere around 70% ripe and then gets wiped out by a freeze. I was hoping we'd have an extremely mild winter just one season, just to see how the ripe fruit tastes. Now, it's currently between 15' and 18' tall, and I'm mainly keeping it alive for novelty's sake, since it's no ... read more


On May 20, 2013, skdunn from Fort Worth, TX wrote:

These trees although they get tall are very invasive. They put out shoots from the root system. We bought a house with three of them in the back yard . I have them coming up all over the yard . Can't get rid of them without killing the big trees. They also have thorns especially when they are small .


On May 20, 2013, sukai from San Antonio Guadalupe,
Mexico wrote:

Here in Tucson, this tree does indeed grow like a weed, spreading from roots, shoots and fruits. Its big plus, though, is its extreme drought tolerance and the bright bright shiny color of the leaves, especially when they are new. It is just a color and a vibrance that few desert plants have. After trying to get rid of the volunteers in my yard, I am now pruning off the side shoots and trying to turn it into a tree. At least here, it has many many spines--should be pruned up to overhead if possible.


On May 20, 2013, stonetta from Ceglie Messapica (BR),
Italy (Zone 10a) wrote:

I am now living in southern Italy and have recently planted a specimen of this tree. It grows very well in this part of the world, and is considered a rustic tree that is a lot less common than it once was and, therefore, worth trying to bring back.
Here the fruit is used mostly to make jam.


On Aug 12, 2011, sgosnell from La Porte, TX wrote:

My wife loves the fruit, but I'm not so much a fan. The roots spread widely and quickly, with shoots coming up all over, up to a hundred feet or so away. We had a tree that someone gave us, then I misunderstood her and cut it down. After being severely chastised, I cut the limbs into 3-4 ft pieces and stuck them into the ground with water and a little root stimulator. Almost all of them survived, and now we have many growing in the back yard. The fruit is important in Korean cuisine, and essential to stuffed boiled chicken. She loves the trees, and I hate them. I don't think there is a lot of middle ground. They are among the easiest plants I know of to grow from cuttings, and they spread like weeds.


On Jun 4, 2011, gustywind from Pahrump, NV wrote:

I planted this tree early spring a year ago. I had fruit the first year. They were small and delicious. I like the fruit picked before it wrinkles, otherwise it seemed mushy to me. Maybe this is just a matter of taste? This year it is loaded with small pale green to yellow/white blossoms that seem to withstand winds up to 40 mph. The flies seem to be pollinating it, could this be? It was the last tree in the yard to produce blossoms and now has small dark green fruit appearing. It seems to thrive in the dry heat of southern Nevada. We live only about an hour from Death Valley so the tree does love heat.


On May 13, 2011, lysis from Scottsdale, AZ wrote:

Grows vigorously in the clay, alkaline soil of Arizona and takes the 115 degree summers easily. The rootstock for most cultivars is the Indian Jujube, which produces lousy fruit. In Arizona, try to avoid planting this near flower or vegetable beds as the roots will find their way there. Best spots are isolated areas with lots and lots of gravel separating the tree from other growing things.


On Dec 25, 2010, jblayne from Russell, KY wrote:

I haven't had fruit yet, but my seed-grown jujube has survived -20F, and is about ten years old. The next time it flowers I'm going to try hand-pollination.


On Jul 22, 2010, slinger53 from Alamogordo, NM wrote:

I came to this site to find out how to kill it. The discription says it's invasive, an UNDERSTATEMENT it grows from the root like St. Augustine grass. When I moved into this house my next door neighbor had a small grove in the corner of his yard. Well we bought that property about 8 years ago and have off and on been trying to get rid of them. The roots invaded my yard and ran about thirty feet. I've been digging them up and like grass if you leave the smallest bit of root here it comes again. And the thorns are rediculous. Long thin and tend to break off after penetration so you can get a nasty infection. And oh yea it grows real well here in New Mexico Alamogordo Area. Just lay a root in the ground and water it a couple of times and its off.


On Oct 6, 2009, istcallst from Mugla,
Turkey (Zone 9b) wrote:

- It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Propagation - seed best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Seeds are moderately dormant and require treatment for prompt germination. Stratification recommendations for common jujube are 60 to 90 days in moist sand at 5C or 3 months warm incubation, followed by 3 months cold stratification. Germination should take place in the first spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant out in early summer.
Cl... read more


On Oct 28, 2008, slyperso1 from Basking Ridge, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

Small thorny tree, the fruit is about half and inch, is best when the skin start to wrinkle.
Has a large pit, the flesh is acidic, sweet, with a unique flavor. Eaten as a snack in many part of the world. Not a great ornamental tree.


On Oct 31, 2005, dankearth from Mineral, VA wrote:

I planted three 3-foot specimens (two Li's and one Lang) in spring 2005 (it is now November 2005). Although the plants leafed out nicely, they made no visible growth this first season. Indeed, now that their leaves have fallen, they look exactly the same as they did when I planted them. I've heard jujubes are slow growers, but this is ridiculous! Still, the trees are healthy and I'm very hopeful. Just be prepared for slow growth.

Be sure to get two varieties. Some catalogs say the jujube is self-fruitful but don't bother to inform you that you'll get better and larger crops with two different varieties.


On Aug 1, 2005, mae_hyun from O Fallon, MO wrote:

Ordered one from Ty Ty nursery in Ga. ( will NOT be ordering from them again ) & planted it just over a year ago. Survived the winter & is alive ( that is about all that I can say for it ) recieved one as a gift from one of my church members ( he bought his in Calif. ) & it is doing great. The other one I ordered came as a bare root. It was about as big around as a pencil & had NO leaves/branches or any other signs of life. Planted it & it did survive the winter. The gift came in a 5 gal. bucket with plenty of dirt, leaves & branches. Also much larger diameter. Planted it & it's taking off & doing great. Used to live in New Mexico & know they grow great there. The Las Cruces University has a large example growing on their campus & there are several growing in Alamogordo as well.


On Jun 15, 2005, Quyen from Orange, CA (Zone 10b) wrote:

This tree is hardy and requires pruning to keep it managable. The fruits are profuse and range in size from a quarter to about 2 1/2 inch. My family likes to eat them when they just start to turn brown. That's when they have the best combination of sweetness and moisture. They have the texture similar to that of a quince. The usual time to harvest them is when they have turned uniformly reddish-brown and a bit wrinkled. They can then be dried in the sun, in a food dehydrator, or in an oven with the pilot light on. They are very sweet and chewy when dried. That's why they are called Chinese dates.


On Aug 24, 2004, daisyavenue from Long Beach, CA (Zone 10b) wrote:

In addition to the invasive roots, suckers and thorns, the fruit is extremely messy and difficult to pick up in grassy areas as they get so soft.

Birds do love the fruit however.


On Jul 6, 2003, txwolfs from Kerrville, TX wrote:

Long,curved thorns are very bad. Getting stuck by their large thorns is inevitable. New growth is spread through the root system. Mowing with puncture-proof tires on your mower keeps them in check, but new growth produces new,soft-leaved plants and sharp short thorns. Trying to eradicate the new growth is next to impossible without totally removing the roots.


On Aug 1, 2002, Wingnut from Spicewood, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

CAN BE INVASIVE if you plant it in or near flowerbeds, but is easy to keep from taking over if you set out apart from anything else where you can keep the sucker sprouts mowed. Have done mine this way and it's not been a problem for the past 25 years. But don't turn your back on it for longer than a year or two or the suckers will grow into shrub sized trees and will be a problem. Also, this tree has a few thorns ~ not many, but a few long ones.

These trees are TOUGH. Mine's a small tree for it's age as my father planted it 25 years ago and my mother kept telling my brother and stepDad to mow it down until about six years ago. It's now about 20 feet tall and 6-8 inch trunk diameter. These will grow most anywhere except boggy areas. If planted in part shade, it won't t... read more