Clerodendrum Species, Fire Works, Philippine Glorybower, Shooting Star, Starburst Bush

Clerodendrum quadriloculare

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Clerodendrum (kler-oh-DEN-drum) (Info)
Species: quadriloculare (kwah-drih-lok-yoo-LAIR-ee) (Info)
Synonym:Clerodendrum blancoanum
Synonym:Clerodendrum navesianum
Synonym:Ligustrum quadriloculare
View this plant in a garden



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage

Foliage Color:



8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Hayward, California

Apopka, Florida

Bartow, Florida

Big Pine Key, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Boynton Beach, Florida(2 reports)

Bradenton, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida(2 reports)

Clearwater, Florida(2 reports)

Deland, Florida

Englewood, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida(5 reports)

Fort Myers, Florida

Fruitland Park, Florida

Georgetown, Florida

Hobe Sound, Florida

Holiday, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Jensen Beach, Florida

Jupiter, Florida(2 reports)

Kissimmee, Florida

Lehigh Acres, Florida

Merritt Island, Florida

Miami, Florida(4 reports)

Mulberry, Florida

Naples, Florida(2 reports)

North Port, Florida

Oakland, Florida

Ocoee, Florida

Oldsmar, Florida

Palm Bay, Florida

Plant City, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida(2 reports)

Port Charlotte, Florida

Rockledge, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida(2 reports)

Sanford, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Seffner, Florida

Sumterville, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida

Titusville, Florida

Wauchula, Florida

Wellborn, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida(3 reports)

Kihei, Hawaii

Bay Saint Louis, Mississippi

Collinsville, Mississippi

Harlingen, Texas

Houston, Texas

Humble, Texas

La Porte, Texas

Nome, Texas

Richmond, Texas

Roma, Texas

Victoria, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 17, 2020, frontierpalmbch wrote:

It's a beautiful plant, especially when it blooms, But it's one of the most invasive plant I've ever seen. It'll spread like a virus all throughout your yard. I live in Jupiter Florida zone 10ish. If you like to still plant it. Plant it into a container but never ever plant it in your yard. I've been fighting with this plant for over 10 years and still it's out of control. It reminds me of the ioscorea bulbifera L. potato vine. Out of control.


On Apr 25, 2018, quirkybird from Clearwater,
United States wrote:

I would have given a positive rating except that after several years of growing this plant and it getting quite large it lost all its leaves during a cold spell and has failed to get new ones. It has lost its leaves several times but always came back when the weather got warmer. I cut back some upper branches and they were obviously dead. When I cut back the trunks there was some green and a few small leaves on the sides. I don't kow if you can dead head these like crape myrtles but i figured I would give it a shot. Will it come back?


On Feb 12, 2017, richkay from Sebastian, FL wrote:

I have planted three of these in my new zone 10 garden, for both beauty and privacy. Results thus far have been outstanding; great blooming from mid-January to mid-March, easy care and no suckering. Of all the plants I have tried here, this has been the most satisfying, along with a nice variegated screw pine. Try it, you'll like it!


On Nov 7, 2016, cchammer from Sarasota, FL wrote:

I just bought and planted my Clerodendrum quadriloculare this past spring (2016). It has been fine until now but has recently started to get droopy in the afternoon sun (it springs back with a good watering). Why now? Also, I have noticed some white circular spots on the underside of some leaves? Are they susceptible to any diseases? Has anyone had this happen to them?
I have not seen a good bloom yet and I'm looking forward to it but this has me concerned. Any ideas/suggestions?


On Aug 2, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This spectacular flowering species is planted throughout South Florida and is noticed primarily in winter when it bursts into bloom.

It does not appear on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council list of invasive plants. It is native of New Guinea and the Philippines, and it is listed as an invasive plant in Hawaii, American Samoa, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, French Polynesia, Palau, and Western Samoa.


On Aug 2, 2016, steph1952 from Boynton Beach, FL wrote:

Love my starburst i planted it two years ago ,it was 4ft. tall now it is
9 ft. My neighbors star bush is 15 ft tall ,So beautiful the suckers not
hard to control .


On May 20, 2015, lovesgreenery from Jupiter, FL wrote:

My daughter bought a house that has a row of these trees. They are beautiful! They bloom every year. I asked for some suckers. I took a total of 3. One didn't' make it, but the other two, they are doing great! I plan on keeping them pruned for a bush. I can't wait till they bloom! I plan on getting more suckers next year lol they are very easy to take care of!


On Apr 10, 2015, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

I ordered one last early summer. As said on the other posts,it pouted,dropped all leaves and took its time re sprouting. Still,by mid summer it was a good looking potted plant. Something like a purple Coleus.
Winter came- our warmest winter ever in the San Francisco bay area..a z10b winter pretty much. C.quadriloculare never as much as grew a single bud. I've never had a Clerodendron species that didn't bloom.

Here we are well into spring...nothing. I know somebody in San Diego who has told me HIS has never bloomed either. I would take this (flowering) as not easily done in California although the foliage looks great and it grows well.

In pots it needs moderate watering. I could see how in ground they would be good garden plants on not much water in p... read more


On Jul 27, 2014, ktm6789 from Lehigh Acres, FL wrote:

When I fist planted this tree , it lost all its leaves. One by one they kept falling off after turning yellow. Thought I may be over watering it. But from what I read it like lots of water so I watered it about every third day since it was dry season here in Florida. Then it seemed like overnight little shoots started growing all over and before I knew it was covered in lush dark green leaves. Its grew about a foot since I planted it. I am guessing 6 months. Now here it is in the middle of July , hot, humid, and rains every day . I have it in Full sun , and about 2pm it starts looking sad and wilted. But it seems to be okay once it rains. I love this tree and plan on having many more. Its not a problem at all with the suckers, they will make great potted plants for Christmas Gifts !


On Oct 21, 2013, nhow from Island Paradise,
Montserrat wrote:

Another ecological disaster in the making ! It will take over EVERYWHERE it can. See Invasive Species Compendium


On Apr 15, 2013, GulfwaterLily from Naples, FL wrote:

I absolutely LOVE this plant! I'm surprised I don't see it around town more (Naples, FL). It is absolutely breathtaking when it is in bloom. And the beautiful deep green and dark purple leaves make it an attractive plant year round. What amazes me about Starburst/Shooting Star is how fast it grows! It can easily grow 5-7 feet or more a year. It's a great choice if you're into instant gratification. About 6-8 weeks ago, I dug up and potted a few suckers to grow. Initially, they went through transplant shock and lost most of their leaves. They stayed pretty sad looking for about a month and then suddenly burst back to life! The number of leaves on one of the suckers more than doubled in just the last week! (from 22 to 48). I agree that people should not let the fact that this plan... read more


On Mar 13, 2013, Beekeepthyme from Georgetown, FL wrote:

I found one of these plants, a large one, a few years ago in a garden center. A few small branches had broken off. The saleswoman kindly gave me a nub, I planted it, and now it is beautifully growing next to my avocado, "Brogdon". The leaves are same size, look good together. No blooms yet, but our winters are brisk in zone 9, south of Jax. It is a pretty tree, bush, and if I last long enough (!) to see it bloom, I will be pleased. I agree with tremax and MotherNature--pot the suckers up and share the beauty. Well worth it, and the pollinators will thank you, as well.


On Sep 15, 2012, DarkMorning from Palm Bay, FL wrote:

It was here when I bought the house but I love the colors of foliage and flowers. Died back with one "winter" cold snap but came right back. There have been a few suckers, I pulled a few to grow new plants (before I had identified it) but the rest just get taken down by the lawnmower. I haven't done any pruning so the suckering has been minimal.


On Feb 25, 2012, FlaFlower from Titusville, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

I gave this a neutral because I hate to like this plant but I do like it when it behaves but I like to hate it when it doesn't.
It pops up all over, with underground runners, I planted a meduim size shrub a few years back, this year I found while weeding a whole different independant shrub in the back of the garden next to the original one. All year long outside of the designated boarder I find suckers popping it is me and my trowel or shovel trying to keep it under control as I see them appear in the lawn...Give this to your enemy along with virginia creeper and kudza, that should keep them busy for a good long while...LOL


On Jan 8, 2012, dyzzypyxxy from Sarasota, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

I have a row of these planted 4 years ago, as a privacy screen across the front of our house. The last two cold winters it has, indeed, dropped every leaf and pouted for 3 months in the winter. This is a big negative. It's a lousy privacy screen!

On the positive side, it is absolutely beautiful, easy care and drought tolerant. This year, since the weather has been pretty warm it appears it is thinking about blooming. It has clusters of flower buds sitting there waiting to open, for at least a month. I have had a few suckers, but they have been manageable. IF I get blooms this year, I'll change the rating to positive, but I'm still sitting on the fence on this plant.


On Aug 17, 2010, villamar11 from CARACAS,
Venezuela wrote:



On Jan 19, 2010, WJStickel from Cape Coral, FL wrote:

Drops every leaf and flower bud in even a light frost.


On Nov 15, 2009, Auntyaya from Jacksonville, FL wrote:

I have zero gardening experience so when I planted my C. quadriloculare 2 years ago I planted it at the corner of my house.It get a mix of sunchine and shade depending on the time of day. The leaves are lovely and large but I have never seen a flower on the bush. Does anyone have any advice? I am Jacksonville Florida (zone 8b/9a I think). Many of you mentioned suckers, what are these? I dont recall seeing anything resembling that, would they appear soon after planting or years later?


On May 3, 2009, lutraman from Saint Petersburg, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Hello.. I first noticed this plant while in the Bahamas and wanted to have it in my own yard one day. Just recently planted 4 shrubs in ground in mid January,fed them bloom enhancing food every 14 days and was able have flowering shrubs by Easter. Since then i have pruned them back, dusted them for bugs,misting the foliage daily and continue to fertilize bi- weekly and they are filling out nicely in preparation for the next bloom season.


On Mar 16, 2009, gablesite from Miami, FL wrote:

A tree form was in the rear garden of the home my wife and I purchased a few years back. Initially, we enjoyed its magnificent blooms. But, eventually, we grew tired of all the suckers ... this tree just wants to take over the universe. This tree is like a weed. It survives most anything, grows fast like a swamp bush and replicates itself everywhere. I cut it down this year.

Avoid it, as there are many more interesting trees and shrubs.


On Jan 18, 2008, Cambium from Lamar, AR (Zone 7b) wrote:

Blooming has begun in middle of January here in Tamarac, FL. I think this small tree/tall bush is one of the most stunning plants I've ever seen. As Art says, they're brittle & very easy to keep in control.


On Mar 8, 2005, artcons from Fort Lauderdale, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:

I garden for enjoyment and butterflies. This bush is a favorite of mine. True lots of suckers, but they are easily removed. It is very brittle, I lost one to the hurricanes last summer. It has grown back to almost five feet in seven months. I think this is the best looking flowering plant in my yard.
Last summer and early fall I witnessed many landings of Eastern Comma (Polygonia comma) butterfly on this plant. This butterfly disguises itself as a dead leaf when it closes it's wings. It looks so out of place, with it's dried brown look, hanging from a dark green top, purple bottomed leaf.


On Feb 17, 2005, afy65 from Cliffsend, Kent,
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

Been trying to get this plant/shrub here in the uk for some time - I live in one of the warmest areas in the uk and would keep this plant in a pot and overwinter. could anyone send me some cuttings or suckers through the post to me - I have seeds to swap.I hope someone can help as i am about to giveup on my quest now


Daniel ;-)


On Feb 5, 2005, tremax from Delray Beach, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Yes, it suckers. Dig them up, pot them and give them away. Their blooms are beautiful and worth the effort. We've had them for years and love them


On Feb 4, 2005, arielsadmirer from Margate, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

This Clerodendrum has beautiful foilage, a stiking flower display and is a fast grower! It propagates easily from any hardwood cutting placed directly into the soil.

This one is very difficult to control. It suckers everywhere, even up to five feet away! If you plant this, do not trim it, as trimming seems to encourage suckering.

This shrub has many things going for it, but the constant supervision needed to keep it controlled is a big negative for me.


On Jan 5, 2005, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

Sorry IslandJim has had trouble with this plant. The blooms will knock your sox off, and the leaves are striking with purple backs.

Mine is 3 years old but has never suckered. I'll be sure to keep an eye on it, Jim.


On Apr 15, 2003, IslandJim from Keizer, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

this is the worst suckering plant i was ever suckered [:>)] into planting. only thing i've found capable of controling the suckers is diesel oil.


On Aug 26, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Grows quickly. Likes full sun. Stunning blooms , easy to grow, keep trimmed to maintain shape.