Verbena Species, Common Vervain, Herb of the Cross, Prostrate Verbena

Verbena officinalis

Family: Verbenaceae (ver-be-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Verbena (ver-BEE-nuh) (Info)
Species: officinalis (oh-fiss-ih-NAH-liss) (Info)




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Lutz, Florida

Plainfield, New Jersey

Austin, Texas

Midway, Texas

Santa Fe, Texas

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 28, 2013, kbjanet2003 from mid-Michigan, MI wrote:

This plant does not grow well for me and is definitely not perennial in mid Michigan. I grow many herbs and other plants as I work for a botanical garden. I think our space for it is unsuitable due to some amount of shade and dry soil, but I am required to "grow" it every year in this particular space in our Michigan garden. I predict it loves moisture-retentive soil and lots of sun. Also, probably a good amount of fertilizer or soil amendment. I never get the plants to grow much more than a few inches, and when they do grow they flop on the ground. The flowers (blue as they are) are tiny and actually insignificant in comparison to other blue summer flowers I can grow in Michigan.

I would love to try it as tea, but as I mentioned it doesn't grow for me. I have no problem ge... read more


On Jul 29, 2009, janineb from zwolle,
Netherlands wrote:

I am very surprised that so few people grow Verveine: it's an easy going plant that only needs some sunshine to thrive, and the tea you can make with it tastes great. They drink it in France all the time.


On Aug 7, 2002, Baa wrote:

A herbaceous perennial thought to originate in Southern Europe through to China but has been widely grown for thousands of years by many cultures.

Has mid-green, slightly hairy, lobed, almost diamond shaped leaves (which I once heard described as like elongated Oak leaves). Bears tiny, lilac, 2 lipped flowers with a larger, 5 lobed bottom lip, borne on slender flower spikes. The flowers open from the bottom of the spike first. It rarely has more then 4 flowers open on the spike at any one time so it's quite inconspicuous unless you look for it.

Flowers June-October but may open as early as April.

Loves a well drained, fertile soil in sun or partial shade.
A great wildflower garden subject, the tiny flowers look to me like tiny floating gh... read more