Rhaphiolepis Species, Indian Hawthorn, India Hawthorn

Rhaphiolepis indica

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rhaphiolepis (raf-ee-oh-LEP-iss) (Info)
Species: indica (IN-dih-kuh) (Info)
View this plant in a garden




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone

Can be grown as an annual


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Mid Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Mobile, Alabama

Tucson, Arizona

Crockett, California

Hesperia, California

Manhattan Beach, California

Merced, California

Modesto, California

Moreno Valley, California

Mountain View Acres, California

Oakland, California

Oxnard, California

Sacramento, California

San Diego, California

Santa Ana, California

Santee, California

Stockton, California

Wildomar, California

Rehoboth Beach, Delaware

Wilmington, Delaware

Englewood, Florida

Fort Myers, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida

Umatilla, Florida

Alpharetta, Georgia

Decatur, Georgia

Nahunta, Georgia

Slidell, Louisiana

Hernando, Mississippi

Henderson, Nevada

Albuquerque, New Mexico (3 reports)

Elephant Butte, New Mexico

Las Cruces, New Mexico

Arcadia, Oklahoma

Conway, South Carolina

North Augusta, South Carolina

North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

Sumter, South Carolina

Allen, Texas

Austin, Texas

Bedford, Texas

Brazoria, Texas

Brownsville, Texas

Cypress, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Dickinson, Texas

El Paso, Texas (2 reports)

Fort Worth, Texas

Irving, Texas

Katy, Texas

Kerrville, Texas

Port Lavaca, Texas

San Antonio, Texas (2 reports)

Chincoteague Island, Virginia

Disputanta, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 7, 2018, dc_driver from Sarasota, FL wrote:

I planted this in my Zone 10b/9a Florida garden thirty years ago. About fifteen years ago we called in a landscaping expert to see what we might do differently about a few problem areas in our gardens; she told us that the Indian Hawthorn in Florida was suffering some new sort of disease or blight and we should pull it all out and plant liriope. Well, I left it because I figured I might as well let the blight take it in its own good time. The plants are still doing well. It's June; they're blooming.


On Aug 29, 2016, Craig_R_Jackson from Cypress, TX wrote:

This plant gets a negative because it is doesn't live up to expectations evidenced by how pervasively it is planted. Despite that it is offered in huge numbers by just about every high volume nursery and over-planted by every home developer nationwide, this plant is very short lived in sunny hot locations and requires a huge amount of water even in shady warm locations. It's not a bad plant in cool part-sun climes.


On May 21, 2010, GardenSal from Chincoteague Island, VA wrote:

This palnt was in our garden when we purchased the house in Jan 2008. It was in a northern facing location and very spindly. I moved it to a southern facing location and fed it with Holly-Tone. Last year it had more leaves, and it did not bloom. I fed it with the Holly-Tone once in early spring and once in early fall. This year, it's beautiful! It is lush, with dark green leaves and it is covered with pink blssoms. The butterflies are going wild over it! I'm glad I perservered with it, as it is one of the most beautiful plants in our garden.


On Jan 19, 2008, RonDEZone7a from Wilmington, DE (Zone 7a) wrote:

This plant is not common in northern Delaware (Zone 7a) where I live but, as I was looking for a low-growing broadleaved evergreen that took full sun, I gave Indian Hawthorne a try. I have it planted on the south side of my brick ranch home, where conditions have been too sunny and dry (in summer) for plants like azaleas to be happy. So I was hoping, being a southern plant, Indian Hawthorne could take these conditions and it has done well.

The first winter in the ground, some of the foliage got a little beat up and browned by spring - and it didn't bloom last spring - but this year (after second winter in the ground), it looks much better and bloomed nicely this past spring. The plant itself has never had any major dieback so I would say the plant is hardy in Zone 7a, onc... read more


On Mar 29, 2007, chollyjohn from Richmond, VA wrote:

I have know of this plant since 1982 living in Jacksonville, FL. and fell in love with its temperament. Since 1987 have used it in Richmond, VA for many landscape installations and at my residence. Mostly plant Elenor Tabors variety. Trouble-free and a very rich looking plant, love the dark leaves and abundant flowers. Most years get Spring and fall blooming which is a plus. The dark blue berries for the fall are a wonderful accent to the winter landscape.


On Mar 11, 2007, dkturngren from Nahunta, GA wrote:

I noticed that soil preference for Indian Hawthorne shrubs was "unknown." They prefer acidic soil and do best with fertilizers used for acid-loving plants.


On Jun 9, 2005, theresamendoza from Hesperia, CA (Zone 8a) wrote:

I see this plant growing happily in my zone 8a area but I have compacted clay-caliche soil in my garden and even with added soil improvement, the white flowered Indian Hawthorne is very slow growing and not as beautiful as I see a few miles from here where the soil tends to be more sandy.


On Jun 7, 2005, verdancedesign from Palo Alto, CA wrote:

I recently had a large installation of Rhaphiolepis in Danville (CA) quickly decimated by deer. Otherwise it grows well throughout the Bay Area.


On May 1, 2005, JaxFlaGardener from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I've collected five Indian Hawthorne plants that I found them on sale as nursery end-of-season rejects or from other gardeners that were tossing them in favor of new plants. All of the plants have survived, thrived, and were attractive this year with their early Spring flowering.


On Apr 30, 2005, dumPLANTproject from Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

my plant is pretty i like it, but all its flowers are out of bloom now and i need them to re-do my stupid plant project. oh well


On Mar 2, 2005, trugreen from San Diego, CA wrote:

in my areas i have serious problems with leaf spot and leaf loss.in some areas four to five shrubs looks great then next two shrubs are deseased looking and severe leaf loss.


On Apr 30, 2004, Paulwhwest from Irving (Dallas area), TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Beautiful plant! The foliage is attractive all year around, and the flowers cover the shrubs in spring. It does have some problems with fungi so you should plant it in a place that has good air circulation.


On Apr 23, 2004, careyjane from Rabat,
Morocco wrote:

This is a great plant for seaside gardens where its thick leaves resist salt laden winds. I also find it useful for creating a Japanese like feel to certain parts of the garden.


On Apr 19, 2004, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

A popular landscape shrub in central Florida, Indian Hawthorn has several cultivars. One is a dwarf that can be planted as a ground cover.


On Apr 18, 2004, angelam from melbourne,
Australia wrote:

This is a great plant for a dry area. We are zone 10. The plant is never watered and never has a problem. It keeps a handsome shape, is lovely in Spring with its pink flowers and then has blue-black berries in Autumn.

I do find the branches more brittle than some, so be gentle when working round it.


On May 30, 2003, kabloom from Alpharetta, GA (Zone 7a) wrote:

I have an Eleanor Tabor Indian Hawthorne. They are supposed to be a little more resistent to leaf spot, but they still get some in the spring. Beautiful pink flowers.


On Nov 20, 2002, jkom51 from Oakland, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

An outstanding evergreen garden shrub, useful for urban gardens as most varieties are 5' or lower. Can be pruned easily to stay even smaller. Only R.'Majestic Beauty' is large (15'). Nice flower sprays with small, dark blue berrylike fruit. Few pests, sometimes aphids or leaf-spotting in cold wet weather. Will accept infrequent or lawn watering, but in desert areas best to provide some shade. 'Ballerina' has pink flowers, stays low and compact (about 2'T x 4'W). Leaves have reddish tinge in winter. 'Hines Darkleaf' has coral pink flowers, averages 6'T x 4'W, leaves are very dark-green and glossy.