China Rose 'Cramoisi Superieur'


Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rosa (RO-zuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Cramoisi Superieur
Additional cultivar information:(aka Cramoisi Supérieur, Agrippina, Lady Brisbane, Bermuda Rose, Queen of Scarlet)
Hybridized by Coquereau
Registered or introduced: 1832
» View all varieties of Roses




24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)

Bloom Color:

Medium red (mr)

Bloom Shape:



Flower Fragrance:

Slightly Fragrant

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Blooms repeatedly



Patent Information:


Other Details:

Unknown - Tell us

Pruning Instructions:

Avoid pruning

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

La Jolla, California

Cape Coral, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Gainesville, Georgia

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Ferriday, Louisiana

Poplarville, Mississippi

Clemson, South Carolina

North Augusta, South Carolina

Abilene, Texas

Austin, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Gilmer, Texas

Houston, Texas (2 reports)

Richmond, Texas

Rowlett, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Olympia, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 18, 2017, Josephine_SC from Clemson, SC wrote:

Practically immortal without becoming a giant, a very tough, carefree rose.


On Mar 25, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This remains a popular old garden rose in Texas and the south. 2.25" very double cherry red to rich crimson flowers hold their globular form when fully open. Moderate fruity fragrance reminiscent of raspberries. In mild winter areas, this remains in bloom nearly year round.

This rose resents hard pruning---as with all China roses, cut out dead wood and lightly tip the stems back as necessary, but allow it to build in size from year to year.

Vigorous, disease resistant, heat tolerant, drought resistant.

Its breeding is disputed, but it seems to have originated in France around 1820-1835.


On Mar 25, 2015, DaylilySLP from Dearborn Heights, MI (Zone 6a) wrote:

• Agrippina
• Bengale à pétales striées
• Bengale Cramoisi Supérieur
• Bengale éblouissant
• Bengale Oeillet
• "Bermuda Wingood China"
• La Gaufrée
• Lady Brisbane
• L'Eblouissante
• "Mableton Crimson China"
• "Old Bermuda Red Rose"
• Queen of Scarlet
• Queen's Scarlet (china, Coquereau 1832)
• Rosa Indica Caryophyllea


On May 26, 2012, QueenThumb from Saint Petersburg, FL wrote:

Got this incredible rosebush 16 years ago from a friend. Never needs anything but ol' Osmocote. Just gorgeous. I never have the heart to prune it as it always has buds or new growth. Hence my Cramoisi is 8-9 feet high and about 10 feet across, sprawling over the corner of the wall. Cuttings taken in November root almost immediately, but are hit or miss taken any other time (??) It is beloved as a plant can be. I give its 'children' to friends as tokens of sympathy (as it is why my friend gave it to me in the first place) She got it from the Antique Rose Emporium.


On Sep 25, 2008, kdaustin from Austin, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Very Positive!
I love this rose so much, beatiful in mixed borders, though I mainly grow around my taller tea roses to hide ugly stems. Pretty plant with dense foliage and compact shape. Pretty little flowers are deep red and droop shyly on their stems.
I never have to spray mine!
I had one growing in nearly full shade, no fertilizer no spraying for years and it did suprisingly well and bloomed quite a bit.
Sadly overlooked by shoppers ... probably the small flowers. My ten bloom from January to December....truly.


On May 31, 2007, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

A staple in Houston gardens. Highly disease resistant, low maintenance, easy to propagate by cuttings.