Cordyline Species, Hawaiian Ti Plant, Good Luck Plant, Green Ti Plant

Cordyline fruticosa

Family: Agavaceae (ah-gav-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Cordyline (kor-di-LY-nee) (Info)
Species: fruticosa (froo-tih-KOH-suh) (Info)
Synonym:Asparagus terminalis
Synonym:Convallaria fruticosa
Synonym:Cordyline terminalis
Synonym:Dracaena terminalis
Synonym:Terminalis fruticosa
View this plant in a garden


Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers

This plant is suitable for growing indoors


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade



Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring


Grown for foliage


Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From softwood cuttings

By air layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (2 reports)

Jones, Alabama

Mobile, Alabama

Phoenix, Arizona

Encino, California

Hayward, California

Huntington Beach, California

Mission Viejo, California (2 reports)

Palm Springs, California

San Diego, California

Santa Barbara, California (2 reports)

Santa Rosa, California

South Pasadena, California

Yorba Linda, California

Apopka, Florida

Bartow, Florida

Big Pine Key, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Bonita Springs, Florida

Brandon, Florida (2 reports)

Daytona Beach, Florida

Eustis, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Fort Pierce, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Islamorada, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida (2 reports)

Keystone Heights, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida

Lake Mary, Florida

Lecanto, Florida

Lutz, Florida

Miami, Florida

Naples, Florida

Navarre, Florida

New Port Richey, Florida

North Fort Myers, Florida (2 reports)

Orlando, Florida (2 reports)

Port Saint Lucie, Florida

Sebring, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida

Winter Springs, Florida

Watkinsville, Georgia

Ahuimanu, Hawaii

Haiku, Hawaii

Honomu, Hawaii

Kailua, Hawaii

Kalaheo, Hawaii

Kurtistown, Hawaii

Geismar, Louisiana

New Iberia, Louisiana

Slidell, Louisiana (2 reports)

Zachary, Louisiana

Annapolis, Maryland

Fall River, Massachusetts

Halifax, Massachusetts

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Lucedale, Mississippi

Saucier, Mississippi

Gastonia, North Carolina

Kure Beach, North Carolina

Newport, North Carolina

Wake Forest, North Carolina

Cincinnati, Ohio

Bend, Oregon

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

Slatington, Pennsylvania

Vieques, Puerto Rico

Columbia, South Carolina

Lexington, South Carolina

Aransas Pass, Texas

Broaddus, Texas

Brownsville, Texas

Conroe, Texas

El Campo, Texas

Houston, Texas

Ingleside, Texas

Kilgore, Texas

Paris, Texas

Port Lavaca, Texas

San Antonio, Texas (2 reports)

Seadrift, Texas

Victoria, Texas

Reston, Virginia

East Hill-meridian, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 28, 2013, nathanieledison from Santa Rosa, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

I don't even know how old ours is. It grows inside, but then it grows outside, frost doesn't really faze it if it's got sufficient protection (ours was under our deck all winter, and it stayed in the 20s for many nights in a row).

Love this beautiful plant. Love love love it


On Apr 10, 2010, Claud25 from Deep River, CT wrote:

My mom received a ti log when my sister was born - in 1956!! Mom kept it alive and growing all these years - it seemed to thrive on neglect. I inherited it about 7 years ago and it's bright green and lush and thriving. I don't live in an area where it can be outside year round, but I do put it outside in the shade during the summer months and it fills out beautifully. I'm going to try to divide the stems (canes, stalks?) and repot them to give away to friends. Is there a special way to do this without damaging the other stalks? Or is it like anything else that needs dividing - just hack it apart?


On Aug 20, 2009, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

In the area outside its hardiness, it is rarely offered as a houseplant, mostly as cutting from one house to another. Some of the most colorful cultivars are always seen in stores while the regular species is much more rarer seen.

As a green leaf form, it is often mistook for a type of Dracaena. Its shape of leaves and the way it attach its leaves to the stem in a spiral tell plain green ti plants from dracaenas


On Aug 2, 2009, opihi from Duluth, GA wrote:

As others have said, ti plants are great houseplants. Here in Duluth, GA (zone 7B) where I live now, it is a houseplant. But being from Hawaii originally, I've been also growing these plants for cooking purposes. In fact, I just used up most of the leaves on my three plants recently to make a Hawaiian dish called "laulau." The plants do fine in my south facing windows during winter and I put them in my sunroom the rest of the year. They were grown from those ti plant logs that others have mentioned. In the process of learning to garden with the four seasons that we have here, I have lost a few ti plants and plumeria as well. The three ti plants that I have left almost died a couple of years ago when I left them out in my sunroom over winter. They are all about two feet tall now and... read more


On Oct 4, 2005, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

Outdoors, the all green Ti grows well to 4-6 foot. Does and looks best in shade but can take near full sun with some leaf burn.It is much hardier than cultivars. The others varieties i have tried cannot take winters cold. Even if there isn't a frost they seem to just rot away eventually. Slugs and snail attractive.


On Jul 12, 2005, keonikale from Lexington, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

The Hawaiian Ti (Ki) is one of my favorite indoor/outdoor plants. I currently reside in South Carolina and have had a lot of success in growing these plants, especially when I've bought the logs from Hawaii.

I was first introduced to the Ti here by a friend who had purchased one locally years ago. It definitely was NOT the Hawaiian grown Ti as it didn't like a lot of sun and really disliked being over watered. It's leaves still burn if it gets to much light and it gets root-rot when given the same amount of water as the true Hawaiian grown Ti's.

My next experience came with 2 logs I bought from Hawaii; but I attempted to grow them in water dishes (perhaps for too long) and shortly after transplanting them, they died. It may have been a combination of too m... read more


On Jul 11, 2004, punaheledp from Kailua, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

As kids we would go ti leaf sliding...ti leaves + muddy get the idea. Had quite a bit in my yard (green leaves), many years old, but needed to remove most for a deck. had to dig down over a ft and it would keep coming back. took forever to get enough out that it wouldn't come back up.


On Apr 30, 2004, foodiesleuth from Honomu, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

The Hawaiian Ti plant (pronounced as in tea not tie) is linked to many legends. One of them is that it is believed if you plant a ring of ti plants all around your house, Pele will not let lava come into your property.

The plant shows up in many different color combinations, but the plain green with broader leaves is the most common and the only one used for lei, hula skirts, lay-lau, etc..

The leaves can be used to make simple woven or braided lei given as a welcoming greeting. They are also used to make the so called "grass skirts" for hula dancers....which can be used whole or ripped into thin strips which are still attached to the stem end and woven into a waistband.

Leaves of ti and taro plant are also used to wrap food bundles that will ... read more